- Monday Aft - August 13, 2018

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Field strength:  Mean: 822 MP  Geomean: 568 MP
(based on 27 players, 1 non ACBL player ignored)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Gwen Wagner - Richard Wagner 60.94 1st A 1.40
Joseph Gaynor - Ronald Landgraff 59.42 2nd A 0.98
Ilona Smith - Ken Ellenberger 54.71 3rd A 0.70
Elaine McAdams - Mary Jane Graham 53.99 2nd B 0.50
Mike Pemberton - Ron Saltis 53.94 5th A 0.28
Anne Conn - Peggy Nielsen 51.56 3/4th B 0.31
Carol Lilly - Gary Feldman 51.56 3/4th B 0.31
EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> D
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>August 13, 2018    |CLUB NO.>127100    | 08/13/2018 15:59
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Chris Gillmon   |RATING>Club Masterpoint (100%, 80%, 80% Open)|MOVEMENT>ONE WINNER
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>   72.0 |TOP>   6 |MP LIMITS>None/1000/300  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=14/B=9/C=4                      ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Louise Shaffer         Joan Glenn               A    .     .     .     68.33  47.45
 2 Mark Robbins           Roseann Buckley          B    .     .     .     65.17  45.26
 3 JoAnn Bowen            Arline Benzien           A    .     .     .     68.25  47.40
 4 Alan Greenberg         Valerie Greenberg        B    .     .     .     70.58  49.01
 5 Gary Feldman           Carol Lilly              C   6/7   3/4    .     74.25  51.56  0.31(B)
 6 Ronald Landgraff       Joseph Gaynor            A    2     .     .     85.57  59.42  0.98(A)
 7 Tee Downard            Christopher Gillmon      B    .     .     .     69.42  48.21
 8 Ron Saltis             Mike Pemberton           A    5     .     .     77.67  53.94  0.28(A)
 9 Richard Wagner         Gwen Wagner              C    1     1     1     87.75  60.94  1.40(A)
10 Ginny Rockefeller      Irene Petroff            B    .     .     .     51.33  35.65
11 Ilona Smith            Ken Ellenberger          A    3     .     .     78.78  54.71  0.70(A)
12 Pat Shaw               Carol Jarboe             C    .     .     .     59.75  41.49
13 Peggy Nielsen          Anne Conn                B   6/7   3/4    .     74.25  51.56  0.31(B)
14 Elaine McAdams         Mary Jane Graham         C    4     2     2     77.75  53.99  0.50(B)
                                          Totals                        1008.85

Hands and Results
1 ♠AQ85
AQ6
J94
♣K84
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠J92
97
K8
♣AQ9765
♠KT43
JT83
A75
♣32
♠76
K542
QT632
♣JT
16
108
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3 1  ♣4 ♠6/5 NT5
EW: 3♣ 1♠ 1NT  ♦4 ♥5
LoTT: 18 - 16 = +2
Par: +100 4♣*-EW-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  400          6.00   0.00  3N N      D10-Rockefeller-Petroff vs D2-Robbins-Buckley
  180          5.00   1.00  1N N +3   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
  120          4.00   2.00  2N S      D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
   90          2.50   3.50  1N N      D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
   90          2.50   3.50  1N N      D14-McAdams-Graham vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
   50          1.00   5.00  2♣ E -1   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
         90    0.00   6.00  2♣ W      D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

North will play 1NT. With a spade lead, North wins and leads the J. He need to persist with diamonds to have any hope of making his bid. East will hold up, but the K is a sure entry. But what if West balances with 2? Now South should come in with 2 rather than going quietly.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 1NTPassPass
3All pass  

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1, 3, 5, 10, and 12.

The Bidding: After North opens a strong notrump, East has nothing to say. South's weakness and shape don't allow South to look for a heart fit. In his "The Race to 1NT" article, Andrew Gumperz discusses how a non-vulnerable 1NT contract tends to score well whether it makes or not. Mel's Rule of 2 advises West to compete in the balancing seat. West could use the partnership's method to compete in clubs. Competing at the 2-level makes it easy for North-South to find a fit if they have one. Jumping to 3 seems best.

Without a jump to 3, North-South will find their diamond fit and may well compete to 3.

The Play in 1NT by North: East is likely to lead a major. Leading the Jack, top of an honor sequence seems safest. Declarer wins East's major suit lead and puts a diamond on the table. Now East isn't likely to find the winning play to rise with the Ace and shift to a club. If West doesn't show their club suit in the auction, 1NT is likely to make.

The Play in 3: The book line with this club holding is to finesse against South for the Jack-Ten. If that fails, declarer can finesse against South for the Queen. That offers a 47% of holding club losers to 1. Given North's 1NT opening, it is likely East has 2 entries. Taking the book line seems best. Here, South must play the Jack or Ten. West's Queen loses to North's King. Declarer finesses against North for the Queen and uses the spade entry to finesse against South for the remaining club honor. When South plays their remaining club honor, West covers. With both black suits cooperating, declarer has 9 tricks.

The Play in 3 by South: On a spade lead, declarer reasonably finesses against the King and goes down. A declarer who can see through the backs of the cards would rise with the Ace and later Squeeze East in the majors.

On a heart lead, declarer can win and begin drawing trump to prevent a defensive ruff. East must lead a 3rd round of trump to prevent declarer from scoring a heart ruff in the short hand. Declarer can make 3 by end playing East.



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2 ♠J98
KJ74
KJ654
♣8
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠A432
A8
AQ8
♣KQ64
♠KQ6
9653
72
♣A752
♠T75
QT2
T93
♣JT93
9
199
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣2 ♦5 ♥4 ♠3 NT4
EW: 5♣ -/2 2/3 4♠ 3NT
       ♦6/8
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        140    6.00   0.00  2 E +1   D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
        150    5.00   1.00  2N W +1   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
        400    4.00   2.00  3N W      D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
        430    2.00   4.00  3N W +1   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
        430    2.00   4.00  3N W +1   D10-Rockefeller-Petroff vs D2-Robbins-Buckley
        430    2.00   4.00  3N W +1   D14-McAdams-Graham vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
        460    0.00   6.00  3N W +2   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D9-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

West is just shy of 2NT so opens 1. Will North overcall 1? If he does, East's 1 promises at least four hearts and denies an interest in spades. That inference will make it easy for West to bid 3NT--no point in showing the spades. North might even make an optimistic takeout double. Either way, East bids hearts and West will end up in the NT game.



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3 ♠J742
A762
KQJT
♣Q
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠QT8
KT3
3
♣AT9865
♠AK65
4
9764
♣K732
♠93
QJ985
A852
♣J4
13
910
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 3  ♣2 ♠3 NT3
EW: 5♣ 2♠ 1NT  ♦5 ♥4
LoTT: 20 - 19 = +1
Par: -300 5*-NS-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  140          4.75   1.25  3 S      D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
  140          4.75   1.25  2 S +1   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
  140          4.75   1.25  2 S +1   D14-McAdams-Graham vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
        150    1.83   4.17  4♣ W +1   D10-Rockefeller-Petroff vs D2-Robbins-Buckley
        150    1.83   4.17  4♣ E +1   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
        990    0.08   5.92  4♠* E +1  D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D7-Downard-Gillmon

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

North opens 1 and South responds 1. West's club suit is so tawdry that, vulnerable, he's unlikely to bid, so North raises hearts. South won't go further unless pushed, even with the secondary diamond fir. His black suit losers are all too apparent, and the opponents will figure this out. Then, when hearts break badly, there are only nine tricks to be had.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   Pass
Pass1Pass1
Pass2Dbl3
All pass   

The Bidding: West's hand falls short of the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 for a 1st or 2nd seat opener. North opens 1 in 3rd seat. East doesn't have the shape to act. South's priority is to look for a major suit fit. After South's 1 response, it is risky for West to overcall 2 at unfavorable vulnerability. North's 16 Support Points are inflated by the singleton Queen. A raise to 2 seems best. East Doubles for Takeout . For most partnerships, East's takeout double shows values. If playing OBAR doubles, East's double may be a balancing double in the direct seat which wouldn't guarantee values.

As Steve Weinstein discusses in his "1m-1M: Now What?" article, opener may raise responder's major with 3-card support and shortness or a small doubleton. So it is possible, North-South have an 8-card fit rather than a 9-card fit. Even so, competing to 3 seems best given the double fit. Now West must decide whether to compete to 4. On this board, an OBAR style makes it much riskier for West to compete to 4 at unfavorable vulnerability.

The Play in 3: The defense has 3 quick winners in the black suits. Declarer cannot pickup West's KT3 without a loser. Declarer scores 9 tricks: 4 + 4 + 1 ruff.

The Play in 4: With clubs breaking 2-1, declarer doesn't lose a club trick. Declarer loses just the 2 red Aces. Declarer has 11 tricks: 3 + 2 ruffs + 6.



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4 ♠AJ83
KQ865
T3
♣A2
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠Q
A743
AK76
♣J987
♠T952
T92
98
♣QT63
♠K764
J
QJ542
♣K54
14
142
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3 2 3♠ 3NT  ♣6
EW:  ♣6 ♦4 ♥4 ♠4 NT4
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: +600 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  600          6.00   0.00  3N S      D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
  140          5.00   1.00  1♠ S +2   D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
  120          4.00   2.00  1N S +1   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
  110          2.50   3.50  2♠ S      D11-Smith-Ellenberger vs D3-Bowen-Benzien
  110          2.50   3.50  2♠ N      D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
        100    1.00   5.00  4♠ S -1   D13-Nielsen-Conn vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
        200    0.00   6.00  4♠ S -2   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D14-McAdams-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

When West opens 1, some Norths will bid 1 and others will take a chance and double even with this club holding. East passes and South will happily bid spades. Now the diamond and spade positions will cost the reasonable game contract in spades. However, what if North overcalls hearts instead of doubling? Now they might even play NT.



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5 ♠AJ73
AJT9
QJ5
♣QJ
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠T2
Q8765
97643
♣5
♠Q54
K432
8
♣96432
♠K986
-
AKT2
♣AKT87
16
25
17
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 7♣ 6 3 7♠ 7NT
EW:  ♣0 ♦1 ♥4 ♠0 NT0
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: +2220 7NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
 1470          5.50   0.50  6N N +1   D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
 1470          5.50   0.50  6N N +1   D13-Nielsen-Conn vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
 1440          3.00   3.00  6N N      D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
 1440          3.00   3.00  6N N      D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
 1440          3.00   3.00  6N N      D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
 1430          1.00   5.00  6♠ N      D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D14-McAdams-Graham
  680          0.00   6.00  4♠ N +2   D11-Smith-Ellenberger vs D3-Bowen-Benzien

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

When North opens 1NT, South should be excited with 17 HCP and a five card suit. He may start with Stayman and then whop knows? Surely slam, but there's no way of knowing about those invaluable QJ holdings and both minors as well as the compliant Q and 10. 6NT will be the common choice and the likely opening heart lead will find declarer cashing out rather than taking any chances.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 1NTPass2
Pass2Pass3
Pass3Pass4NT
Pass51Pass6
All pass   
  1. 2 key cards without the Queen

The Bidding: After North opens a strong notrump, South has slam interest. South begins with Stayman. When North shows their heart suit, South's 3 bid is natural and game forcing with 4 spades. North's 3 bid confirms a spade fit. It is unusual to ask for key cards excluding a suit partner has shown, although that is a possibility here. At most tables, South will use Roman Keycard to learn they have all the key cards, but are missing the Queen. South places the contract in 6. Some may risk 6NT hoping North has a 2nd heart stopper or 12 tricks are available without losing the lead.

The Play: Declarer has all the tricks in the side suits. Declarer's planning focuses on the spade suit. Cashing the Ace and then leading a low spade towards dummy holds spade losers to 1 on any 3-2 or 4-1 break. Normally, it is best to play safely to make a slam in Matchpoints because a making slam tends to score very well. Here, the vast majority of the field should reach slam. So declarer can reasonably consider lines which offer a better chance to score all the tricks. Cashing the King and then finessing against West for the Queen offers a 41% chance of avoiding a spade loser and an 89% chance of holding spade losers to 1. Finessing against West for the Queen on the first round has a slightly lower chance of avoiding a spade loser because East could score a singleton Queen, but offers a 97% chance of avoiding 2 spade losers. That gives finessing against the Queen on the first round, the highest trick taking expectation. Here, all the book line allow the defense to score a spade trick.

A declarer who could see through the backs of the cards would run the Jack and smother West's 10.



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6 ♠972
J642
76
♣9632
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠53
AK
QJ98543
♣J5
♠A84
Q987
KT
♣KQT4
♠KQJT6
T53
A2
♣A87
1
1114
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦2 ♥5 ♠6 NT4
EW: 3♣ 4 2 1♠ 1NT
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: -130 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
 1400          6.00   0.00  6* E -5  D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
  500          4.50   1.50  3N* E -2  D11-Smith-Ellenberger vs D3-Bowen-Benzien
  500          4.50   1.50  3N* E -2  D13-Nielsen-Conn vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
  200          2.50   3.50  3N E -2   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
  200          2.50   3.50  3N E -2   D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
        100    1.00   5.00  2♠ S -2   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D14-McAdams-Graham
        130    0.00   6.00  3 W +1   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D9-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

East opens 1 and South overcalls 1. Surely West will bid 2, eliciting what response from East? He's forced to bid. He might try 2, looking for NT if West has a stopper, too. Not this time. West will rebid the diamonds and East would be wise to let it go.



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7 ♠AT763
Q832
J5
♣AK
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠K5
AKT75
Q
♣QJ984
♠Q4
J64
AT9632
♣T7
♠J982
9
K874
♣6532
14
157
4
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♠  ♣5 ♦6 ♥4 NT6
EW: 1♣ 1 3  ♠4 NT6
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: +140 3♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          6.00   0.00  3 W -3   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
  140          4.50   1.50  3♠ N      D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
  140          4.50   1.50  3♠ N      D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
  100          3.00   3.00  4 W -1   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D14-McAdams-Graham
        100    2.00   4.00  3♠ N -1   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
        140    0.50   5.50  3 W      D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
        140    0.50   5.50  3 W      D12-Shaw-Jarboe vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

West opens 1, overcalled 1 by North. East has just enough to raise hearts and South will cause trouble with a preemptive 3 bid (four trumps and single raise values at best). Now West has to decide whether or not to push to 4. He'll buy it if he does--and be doubled with all of North's defensive tricks.



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8 ♠KT54
87
QT764
♣96
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠QJ2
QJ
985
♣AJT83
♠9876
AKT6
AK
♣Q52
♠A3
95432
J32
♣K74
5
1116
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣1 ♦6 ♥4 ♠3 NT2
EW: 4♣ 1 3 4♠ 5NT
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -460 5NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
         90    6.00   0.00  2♣ E      D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
        130    5.00   1.00  3♣ E +1   D12-Shaw-Jarboe vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
        460    2.00   4.00  3N E +2   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D14-McAdams-Graham
        460    2.00   4.00  3N E +2   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
        460    2.00   4.00  3N E +2   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
        460    2.00   4.00  3N E +2   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
        460    2.00   4.00  3N E +2   D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D9-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

East opens 1NT and will end up in the NT game. With two possible entries, it makes sense for South to lead a low heart--not that it will produce much this time. NO matter--all roads lead to 11 tricks when the club finesse works.



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9 ♠A
Q2
K87
♣AKJT942
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠KQ42
A9765
32
♣Q5
♠JT9765
T4
AJ6
♣87
♠83
KJ83
QT954
♣63
17
116
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5♣ 5 1 2NT  ♠5
EW: 2♠  ♣2 ♦2 ♥5 NT2
LoTT: 19 - 19 = 0
Par: +400 5-NS/5♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  400          5.50   0.50  5♣ N      D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D14-McAdams-Graham
  400          5.50   0.50  5♣ N      D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
  170          4.00   2.00  2♣ N +4   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
  150          2.50   3.50  4♣ N +1   D12-Shaw-Jarboe vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
  150          2.50   3.50  3♣ N +2   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
        100    0.50   5.50  4 S -2   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
        100    0.50   5.50  5 S -2   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D13-Nielsen-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

North isn't quite good enough for 2, so opens 1. South responds a diamond (except for the dedicated Walshites who bid 1). If it's 1, West may double for a major suit. North may well just jump to 5--"science" isn't easy with bizarre hands. The two red aces should be the only losers.



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10 ♠A
AQJT9
KJ8643
♣J
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠T5
K76542
52
♣987
♠QJ964
3
A7
♣Q6543
♠K8732
8
QT9
♣AKT2
16
39
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 6 4 3♠ 6NT
EW:  ♣4 ♦1 ♥3 ♠4 NT1
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: +1440 6NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  690          5.50   0.50  3N S +3   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
  690          5.50   0.50  3N N +3   D12-Shaw-Jarboe vs D4-Greenberg-Greenberg
  660          2.50   3.50  3N S +2   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
  660          2.50   3.50  3N S +2   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D14-McAdams-Graham
  660          2.50   3.50  3N S +2   D11-Smith-Ellenberger vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
  660          2.50   3.50  3N N +2   D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
  620          0.00   6.00  5 N +1   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D9-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

South opens 1. North starts with 2--no jumping when you have so much story to tell. South bids 3 and now North makes the game forcing call of 3. South will make a delayed raise in diamonds and North can check for aces and settle confidently into 6, though an adventerous soul will risk 6NT. Score!



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  Pass1
Pass2Pass3
Pass3Pass3
Pass4Pass5
Pass5Pass6
All pass   

The Bidding: After South opens 1, North has a choice between responding 2 or 2. Either way, North will to go to 4-level to show 5-5 or better in the red suits. Starting with 2 seems best because it allows North to show 5-6 hearts and longer diamonds. 2/1 Styles vary by partnership agreement. If playing the Bergen style, South patterns out by bidding 3. North's 3 rebid is ambiguous. It could be natural, could show a partial heart stopper, or could show a non-positional heart stopper. South, lacking a heart stopper, temporizes with 3. North's 4 bid shows their true shape. South knows their is at most 1 loser in the black suits. With a diamond fit and the ability to ruff hearts, South cooperates by cue bidding the Ace. North cue bids their Ace. South, with just 1 key card, doesn't cue bid their 2nd club control. South offers 6 as the final contract, ending the auction.

If playing the Lawrence style, South doesn't have the strength to show the club suit. So South uses the default 2 rebid which doesn't promise extra length. North shows their hearts as planned. It isn't clear whether 3 is natural or a notrump probe. South, with clubs well stopped, offers 3NT as the final contract. North's 4 bid shows their distribution. The auction proceeds as discussed above.

The Play in 6: Declarer has 5 diamond winners after knocking out the Ace. Declarer has 5 quick winners in the side suits. 2 heart ruffs bring declarer to 12 tricks. If the defense begins with the Ace and a diamond, declarer can only ruff 1 heart. So declarer has only 11 established winners. Declarer has a choice between a club finesse and a heart finesse for their 12th trick. Declarer combines chances by attempting to drop the Queen. When the Queen doesn't fall, declarer finesses against West for the King and scores 12 tricks.



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11 ♠32
QT
QJ753
♣AQT2
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠QJ7
87
AK2
♣J8643
♠98
K6532
964
♣K97
♠AKT654
AJ94
T8
♣5
11
116
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 4 2 4♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣5 ♦3 ♥4 ♠3 NT4
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: +420 4♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  430          6.00   0.00  3N N +1   D11-Smith-Ellenberger vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
  420          3.50   2.50  4♠ S      D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
  420          3.50   2.50  4♠ S      D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
  420          3.50   2.50  4♠ S      D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D14-McAdams-Graham
  420          3.50   2.50  4♠ S      D12-Shaw-Jarboe vs D4-Greenberg-Greenberg
  400          1.00   5.00  3N N      D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
  140          0.00   6.00  3♠ S      D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D13-Nielsen-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

South opens 1. Playing 2/1, North bids 2 and now South has to decide: 2 or 2? With this weakish hand, maybe 2, but when North raises, South may try game. It's a friendly hand when spades break and the K is on side.



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12 ♠J
J95432
KQT43
♣6
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠K942
AT
J9875
♣J9
♠AQ865
Q
2
♣AKQT52
♠T73
K876
A6
♣8743
7
917
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4  ♣1 ♦5 ♠1 NT1
EW: 6♣ 6♠ 3NT  ♦6 ♥3
LoTT: 22 - 19 = +3
Par: -800 7*-NS-3
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        480    4.50   1.50  4♠ E +2   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
        480    4.50   1.50  4♠ E +2   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
        480    4.50   1.50  4♠ E +2   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D14-McAdams-Graham
        480    4.50   1.50  4♠ E +2   D11-Smith-Ellenberger vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
        980    1.00   5.00  6♠ W      D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
        980    1.00   5.00  6♠ E      D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
        980    1.00   5.00  6♠ E      D12-Shaw-Jarboe vs D4-Greenberg-Greenberg

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

With this three loser hand, I wouldn't blame South for opening 2, but two-suited hands are notoriously hard to describe without jamming the bidding to the three level and above. This time, West will raise East's spade rebid, and East will be off to the raises, happily bidding the slam when West has two key cards,



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
PassPass1Pass
1Pass1Pass
2Pass4Pass
4Pass4NTPass
51Pass6All pass
  1. 2 key cards without the Queen

The Bidding: After West passes, North isn't eager open a Weak Two Hearts with a poor suit at unfavorable vulnerability. As Andrew Gumperz discusses in his "Better Preempts IV: Preempts by Seat Position (part 1)" article, 2nd seat is a position for disciplined preempts. East opens 1. West's response depends on the partnership's style. If using a Walsh style , West's priority is to show their major suit. So West bypasses their 5-card diamond suit and responds 1. Now North has the opportunity to show their red 2-suiter. The risk of showing their shape is that it may make play easier for East-West if they buy the contract. Another risk is South making a costly lead away from a heart honor. The unfavorable vulnerability makes a sacrifice less likely to be profitable. There is a good case for passing. A lead directional 2 bid is risky. Whatever North chooses, East's 4 rebid is game forcing, and shows a spade fit and a source of tricks in clubs. West is a passed hand. West can reasonably cue their heart control, denying a heart control. That is all East needs to hear to drive to slam. If North shows their shape, South, with a heart fit and well fitting honors, can venture a 4 bid. It is common to use a 4 bid as the weakest action. West's hand is reasonable. So West passes. North competes to 5. This is clearly a Forcing Pass situation. East passes and then pulls West's double to show slam interest. West must guess whether to bid slam.

At tables where East-West bid up the line, West responds 1. Now North cannot show their shape. East's 1 rebid is natural and wide ranging. East could have a minimum opener, but could be near a jump shift in strength. West raises to 2. Now East invites slam with a jump to 4 showing a spade fit and a source of tricks in clubs. When West cue bids their heart control, East uses Roman Keycard and drives to slam.

The Play: Declarer can pickup a 4-0 spade break. Declarer cashes the Ace (or Queen) first as a Safety Play . When both defenders follow, declarer draws trump and claims 12 tricks.



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13 ♠Q9
A73
K7
♣AQJ653
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠AK8653
QT8
J98
♣T
♠-
KJ954
Q5432
♣974
♠JT742
62
AT6
♣K82
16
106
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 2♠ 3NT  ♦5 ♥5
EW: 2 2  ♣3 ♠5 NT4
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: +500 4*-EW/4*-EW-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  800          6.00   0.00  5* E -3  D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
  600          5.00   1.00  3N N      D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
  200          4.00   2.00  3 E -2   D10-Rockefeller-Petroff vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
  130          3.00   3.00  3♣ N +1   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
        100    1.00   5.00  3♠ S -1   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D14-McAdams-Graham
        100    1.00   5.00  4♣ N -1   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
        100    1.00   5.00  4♣ N -1   D13-Nielsen-Conn vs D5-Feldman-Lilly

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

The bidding on this one could be wild! Say North opens 1: East bids 2NT (lower two unbid suits, this time diamonds and hearts). South may bid 3 anyway, and West will happily bid 4. Exasperated, North will double, but there's little else he can do even with his 16 HCP. He daren't try 5 but will settle for the sure profit.



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14 ♠J863
Q983
KT4
♣K4
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠AQ97
AK54
83
♣JT2
♠KT52
7
AQ75
♣Q875
♠4
JT62
J962
♣A963
9
1411
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦5 ♥5 ♠3 NT3
EW: 3♣ 2 1 4♠ 3NT
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          4.50   1.50  4♠ W -1   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
   50          4.50   1.50  4♠ E -1   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
   50          4.50   1.50  4♠ E -1   D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
   50          4.50   1.50  4♠ E -1   D10-Rockefeller-Petroff vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
        140    2.00   4.00  2♠ E +1   D13-Nielsen-Conn vs D5-Feldman-Lilly
        400    1.00   5.00  3N E      D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D14-McAdams-Graham
        420    0.00   6.00  4♠ E      D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

West will open 1 and sigh with relief when they find their 4-4 spade fit. Even the bad spade break won't hurt this hand when the K is onside.



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15 ♠KT52
AKT72
KT4
♣8
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠963
Q543
6
♣KT954
♠A84
96
AQ5
♣A7632
♠QJ7
J8
J98732
♣QJ
13
514
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3 2 2♠  ♣3 NT5
EW: 3/4♣ 2NT  ♦4 ♥5 ♠5
LoTT: 19 - 19 = 0
Par: -130 4♣-W
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          6.00   0.00  4♣* E -2  D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
  110          5.00   1.00  3 S      D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
        110    3.50   2.50  3♣ E      D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
        110    3.50   2.50  3♣ E      D13-Nielsen-Conn vs D5-Feldman-Lilly
        130    1.50   4.50  3♣ W +1   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D14-McAdams-Graham
        130    1.50   4.50  3♣ W +1   D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
        200    0.00   6.00  1N S -2   D10-Rockefeller-Petroff vs D9-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

North opens 1. East doubles, and South can now make a non-forcing call of 2, warning North that he has no more than two hearts. Shape may get a 3 bid from a bold West, the danger being that East might bid 5. On second thought...West may have second thoughts. North might then bid 3, but the auction should fizzle pretty quickly.



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16 ♠T752
KJ52
AQJT9
♣-
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠KQ98
QT6
K532
♣82
♠J4
9873
6
♣AQ9654
♠A63
A4
874
♣KJT73
11
107
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 4 3 3♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣5 ♦2 ♥4 ♠3 NT4
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: +400 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  460          6.00   0.00  3N S +2   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
  400          4.00   2.00  3N S      D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
  400          4.00   2.00  3N S      D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
  400          4.00   2.00  3N S      D9-Wagner-Wagner vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
  150          2.00   4.00  1N S +2   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
  120          1.00   5.00  2N S      D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
        100    0.00   6.00  3N S -2   D14-McAdams-Graham vs D6-Landgraff-Gaynor

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

With great diamonds and both majors, North opens 1. If East bids 3, South may pass, waiting for a reopening double--but will North have the nerve to double with 11 HCP? South's other option is to bid NT. which will be rewarded when the significant red honors are both in the West hand.



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17 ♠753
7542
J3
♣AK87
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠AKT8
K3
9764
♣JT3
♠QJ942
J86
KT2
♣62
♠6
AQT9
AQ85
♣Q954
8
117
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 1 4 1NT  ♠5
EW: 1♠  ♣2 ♦5 ♥3 NT6
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: +420 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          6.00   0.00  3♠* E -2  D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
  170          4.50   1.50  3 N +1   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
  170          4.50   1.50  3 N +1   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
  140          3.00   3.00  3 N      D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
   90          2.00   4.00  1N N      D9-Wagner-Wagner vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
         50    1.00   5.00  4 N -1   D14-McAdams-Graham vs D6-Landgraff-Gaynor
        100    0.00   6.00  5* N -1  D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D7-Downard-Gillmon

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

South opens 1. West either passes or bids 1 with this nice four card suit. North makes a Negative Double is West does bid and East will go off like a bomb raising spades to the three level. South will shake that off and happily bid 4.



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18 ♠82
QT96
K75
♣J764
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠K74
AK75
QJ9
♣Q95
♠A6
J4
8642
♣AKT82
♠QJT953
832
AT3
♣3
6
1512
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♠  ♣2 ♦3 ♥4/3 NT2
EW: 4♣ 4 3 4NT  ♠6
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: -430 4NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          6.00   0.00  2♠ S      D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
        400    3.50   2.50  3N W      D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
        400    3.50   2.50  3N W      D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
        400    3.50   2.50  3N W      D9-Wagner-Wagner vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
        400    3.50   2.50  3N E      D14-McAdams-Graham vs D6-Landgraff-Gaynor
        430    0.50   5.50  3N W +1   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
        430    0.50   5.50  3N W +1   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D13-Nielsen-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

West will be charmed to hear East open 1, not so charmed by South's spade overcall (maybe even 2). If South does bid spades, West starts with a Negative Double , bidding the NT game when partner doesn't have four hearts. How to get that 10th trick? Either because the defense cashes diamonds or by leading low toward the dummy's J the first time hearts are led.



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19 ♠KJ
QJ52
KT98
♣Q97
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠AQT
T764
J2
♣AKJ8
♠8643
AK3
AQ76
♣T3
♠9752
98
543
♣6542
12
1513
0
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣2 ♦3 ♥2 ♠2 NT2
EW: 4/5♣ 4 4/5 4/5♠ 4/5NT
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: -660 5NT-W
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          6.00   0.00  3N W -2   D8-Saltis-Pemberton vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
        150    5.00   1.00  2N E +1   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D14-McAdams-Graham
        180    4.00   2.00  2N W +2   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
        600    2.00   4.00  3N W      D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
        600    2.00   4.00  3N W      D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
        600    2.00   4.00  3N E      D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
        660    0.00   6.00  3N W +2   D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
20 ♠T52
QJ
94
♣T98753
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠8
T74
AK763
♣KQJ6
♠764
A952
QT5
♣A42
♠AKQJ93
K863
J82
♣-
3
1310
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♠  ♣5 ♦3 ♥4 NT3
EW: 2♣ 4/3 2 1NT  ♠4
LoTT: 19 - 17 = +2
Par: -130 4-E
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  620          6.00   0.00  4♠ S      D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
  200          5.00   1.00  3 E -2   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
  170          4.00   2.00  3♠ N +1   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
  140          3.00   3.00  3♠ S      D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
        100    2.00   4.00  3♠ S -1   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
        130    0.50   5.50  3 W +1   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D14-McAdams-Graham
        130    0.50   5.50  3 W +1   D8-Saltis-Pemberton vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
21 ♠K
Q87
K964
♣T9632
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠63
K52
QT8753
♣A8
♠8754
JT43
AJ2
♣KJ
♠AQJT92
A96
-
♣Q754
8
910
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4/5♣ 4♠ 1NT  ♦5 ♥6
EW: 2  ♣2 ♥6 ♠3 NT6
LoTT: 19 - 18 = +1
Par: +500 5*-EW-3
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  170          5.00   1.00  3♠ S +1   D1-Shaffer-Glenn vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
  170          5.00   1.00  3♠ S +1   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
  170          5.00   1.00  2♠ S +2   D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
  150          3.00   3.00  4 W -3   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
  100          2.00   4.00  3 W -2   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D14-McAdams-Graham
   50          1.00   5.00  3 E -1   D8-Saltis-Pemberton vs D7-Downard-Gillmon
        100    0.00   6.00  3N N -1   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D9-Wagner-Wagner
22 ♠54
53
Q53
♣AKQJ53
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠AQ98
2
A9742
♣862
♠KT762
KT964
KJ8
♣-
♠J3
AQJ87
T6
♣T974
12
1010
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣  ♦2 ♥6/5 ♠1 NT3
EW: 5 1 6♠  ♣3 NT4
LoTT: 21 - 19 = +2
Par: -800 7♣*-NS-4
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  130          5.50   0.50  3♣ N +1   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
  130          5.50   0.50  3♣ N +1   D9-Wagner-Wagner vs D1-Shaffer-Glenn
         50    4.00   2.00  5♣ N -1   D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
        170    3.00   3.00  2♠ E +2   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
        650    2.00   4.00  5♠ E      D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
        680    1.00   5.00  4♠ W +2   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
        800    0.00   6.00  5* S -4  D7-Downard-Gillmon vs D14-McAdams-Graham
23 ♠AJT5
872
A9752
♣2
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠87
KQ93
KQ64
♣A75
♠92
AJT64
T83
♣J64
♠KQ643
5
J
♣KQT983
9
146
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5♣ 5♠  ♦6 ♥4 NT6
EW: 2  ♣2 ♦6 ♠2 NT6
LoTT: 19 - 18 = +1
Par: +650 5♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  650          4.00   2.00  4♠ S +1   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D13-Nielsen-Conn
  650          4.00   2.00  4♠ S +1   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
  650          4.00   2.00  4♠ S +1   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
  650          4.00   2.00  4♠ S +1   D7-Downard-Gillmon vs D14-McAdams-Graham
  650          4.00   2.00  4♠ N +1   D9-Wagner-Wagner vs D1-Shaffer-Glenn
  620          0.50   5.50  4♠ S      D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
  620          0.50   5.50  4♠ N      D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
24 ♠AJT
KT63
AJ63
♣86
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠Q7
AQ8542
74
♣A52
♠864
J7
KQT92
♣JT4
♠K9532
9
85
♣KQ973
13
127
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 1 4♠ 3NT  ♥6
EW:  ♣2 ♦6 ♥6 ♠2 NT3
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +420 4♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  170          6.00   0.00  3♠ S +1   D7-Downard-Gillmon vs D14-McAdams-Graham
  140          4.50   1.50  3♠ S      D6-Landgraff-Gaynor vs D12-Shaw-Jarboe
  140          4.50   1.50  3♠ S      D9-Wagner-Wagner vs D1-Shaffer-Glenn
   50          2.50   3.50  2 W -1   D2-Robbins-Buckley vs D11-Smith-Ellenberger
   50          2.50   3.50  2 W -1   D5-Feldman-Lilly vs D10-Rockefeller-Petroff
         50    1.00   5.00  4♠ S -1   D4-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D8-Saltis-Pemberton
        100    0.00   6.00  4♠ S -2   D3-Bowen-Benzien vs D13-Nielsen-Conn