- Monday Aft - September 17, 2018

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Field strength:  Mean: 821 MP  Geomean: 525 MP
(based on 26 players)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Joan Glenn - Tee Downard 60.95 1st A 1.30
Dick Zizic - John Eliason 59.53 2nd A 0.91
Irene Petroff - Mary Jane Graham 56.25 3rd A 0.65
Mark Robbins - Roseann Buckley 54.28 4th A 0.46
Nancy Hall - Peggy Nielsen 52.50 5th A 0.26
Buki Burke - Raeann Koerner 51.67 4th B 0.31
Anne Conn - Elaine McAdams 45.83 2nd C 0.25
EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> D
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>September 17, 2018 |CLUB NO.>127100    | 09/17/2018 16:27
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Chris Gillmon   |RATING>Club Masterpoint (100%, 80%, 70% Open)|MOVEMENT>ONE WINNER
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/1000/200  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=13/B=11/C=5                     ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Tee Downard            Joan Glenn               B    1     1     .     73.14  60.95  1.30(A)
 2 Alan Greenberg         Valerie Greenberg        B    .     .     .     58.29  48.58
 3 Sally Van Valin        Gary Van Valin           C    .     .     .     45.71  38.09
 4 Dick Zizic             John Eliason             A    2     .     .     71.43  59.53  0.91(A)
 5 Mark Robbins           Roseann Buckley          B    4     3     .     65.14  54.28  0.46(A)
 6 Gary Feldman           Joseph Gaynor            C    .     .     .     49.14  40.95
 7 Jim Bloedorn           Christopher Gillmon      B    .     .     .     55.43  46.19
 8 Elaine McAdams         Anne Conn                C    .     .     2     55.00  45.83  0.25(C)
 9 Peggy Nielsen          Nancy Hall               A    5     .     .     63.00  52.50  0.26(A)
10 Nita Whaley            Louise Shaffer           B    .     .     .     61.00  50.83
11 Irene Petroff          Mary Jane Graham         C    3     2     1     67.50  56.25  0.65(A)
12 Buki Burke             Raeann Koerner           B    .     4     .     62.00  51.67  0.31(B)
13 Richard Wagner         Gwen Wagner              C    .     .     .     52.00  43.33
                                          Totals                         778.78

Hands and Results
1 ♠Q7432
J62
83
♣JT5
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠5
Q953
QT6
♣K9873
♠AKJT96
-
A94
♣AQ42
♠8
AKT874
KJ752
♣6
4
718
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2  ♣1 ♦4 ♠2 NT3
EW: 6♣ 3/2 5/4♠ 4NT  ♥5/4
LoTT: 20 - 18 = +2
Par: -800 6*-NS-4
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  3♠* E -1  D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D11-Petroff-Graham
        100    4.00   1.00  5 S -2   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D8-McAdams-Conn
        420    3.00   2.00  4♠ E      D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D12-Burke-Koerner
        430    2.00   3.00  3N E +1   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
        800    1.00   4.00  5* N -4  D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
       1700    0.00   5.00  5* S -7  D10-Whaley-Shaffer vs D2-Greenberg-Greenberg

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

East has a reasonable 2 opener: 4 1/2 Quick Tricks, only four losers and an excellent source of tricks. When partner shows no interest in spades, bid the clubs next and West should perk right up and happily bid the club game. There's a lot of duplication of values on this hand--and maximum trick taking depends on finessing the spades even with the AK opposite a singleton. Of course, if South leads her singleton, it could be a big help--not a great idea with only one trump and on this bidding. Talk about wishful thinking.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 Pass214
Pass2Pass4All pass
  1. artificial, strong, and forcing
  2. game forcing

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1, 3, 5, and 9.

The Bidding: Since East can make a game opposite as little as xx xxxx xxx Kxxx, East opens a Strong 2 Clubs , South expects East-West to have a spade or club game. South's 6-5 hand has great trick taking potential. A North-South game isn't likely after North passes and East opens 2, but a profitable sacrifice is easy to imagine. South has a variety of options. Few partnerships will have a method to immediately show the red suits. Jumping to 4 seems best because it consumes a lot of bidding space and gets South's strongest and longest suit in play. It is common to use a double to show a negative response to the 2 opener. So West cannot double for penalty. West's pass shows game forcing values. East introduces their spade suit at the 4-level. West isn't thrilled with a spade contract. 4NT would be Roman Keycard for spades. 5 would be a wild risk. West has little choice other than passing.

At tables where South overcalls 2, West passes to show a game forcing hand. North has 3-card heart support, but their balanced hand doesn't suggest a sacrifice will be profitable. Passing seems prudent. East's 2 bid shows a strong hand with 5+ spades. South shows their diamond suit. West has a choice between showing their club suit or offering 3NT as the final contract. One of Bob Hamman's Rules is if a number of bids are available and one of them is three no-trump, 3NT should be chosen. Here, West's red suit stoppers are a bit soft, but West has no reason to believe a better contract is available. West offers 3NT as the final contract. If North doesn't sacrifice at 4, East can conveniently show their club suit, and East-West are likely to reach 6.

The Play in 4: South is likely to lead the Ace or King according to partnership agreements. Declarer ruffs. Declarer cashes their top spades and learns of the 5-1 spade break. Declarer exits a spade, discarding a diamond to maintain dummy's heart guard. If North wins their Queen on the 3rd or 4th rounds of spades and switches to a diamond, declarer can rise Ace, draw trump, and claim 11 tricks: 5 + 1 + 5. If North switches to a heart, declarer discards a diamond, South wins the King, but declarer has trump control and scores 11 tricks. If North ducks on the 3rd and 4th round of spades, declarer loses access to dummy's long club. Declarer needs to navigate an end play to score 11 tricks.

The Play in 6: South is likely to lead the Ace or King according to partnership agreements. Declarer ruffs. Declarer can afford to draw 1 round of trump. Declarer cashes the Ace and King, learning about the 5-1 spade break. Declarer concedes a trick to the Queen. North can lead a heart, hoping to shorten declarer's trump. Declarer ruffs and draws another round of trump. Declarer cashes 2 more spades, discarding down to Q K98 in dummy. Declarer cashes the Ace, ruffs a diamond, and claims 12 tricks.

A diamond switch fairs no better. Declarer wins the Ace, draws trumps, and claims 12 tricks: 5 + 1 ruff + 1 + 5.



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2 ♠A93
J7653
986
♣AQ
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠KJ
AK92
53
♣97543
♠Q842
QT8
T42
♣862
♠T765
4
AKQJ7
♣KJT
11
114
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4 1 3♠ 3NT  ♣6
EW:  ♣6 ♦3 ♥6 ♠4 NT4
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +600 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  600          4.00   1.00  3N S      D10-Whaley-Shaffer vs D2-Greenberg-Greenberg
  600          4.00   1.00  3N N      D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
  600          4.00   1.00  3N N      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D11-Petroff-Graham
  150          1.00   4.00  2N S +1   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D8-McAdams-Conn
  150          1.00   4.00  2N N +1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D12-Burke-Koerner
  150          1.00   4.00  1N N +2   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

South opens 1 and North responds 1. Now when South rebids 1, North can reasonably bid 2NT and South will be delighted to go to game with that great diamond suit and 14 HCP. Even a spade lead causes no real harm. If West were to overcall the hearts at the one level, North might bid 2NT immediately.



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3 ♠J
Q74
4
♣AKQJT976
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠AT52
A2
K9863
♣54
♠KQ763
T863
72
♣83
♠984
KJ95
AQJT5
♣2
13
115
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5♣ 1 2 1NT  ♠4
EW: 2♠  ♣2 ♦6 ♥4 NT4
LoTT: 19 - 18 = +1
Par: +400 5♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  450          5.00   0.00  4 S +1   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D8-McAdams-Conn
  400          4.00   1.00  5♣ N      D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
  150          3.00   2.00  4♣ N +1   D10-Whaley-Shaffer vs D2-Greenberg-Greenberg
  100          2.00   3.00  3♠ E -1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
         50    1.00   4.00  5♣ N -1   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D11-Petroff-Graham
        100    0.00   5.00  6♣ N -2   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D12-Burke-Koerner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

South has a picture-pretty Rule of 20 1 bid, but North won't care, He'll just blast to 5, trusting partner to bid slam if he has aces--not this time. Declarer doesn't have the entries to set up heart discards on the diamonds, even though the ruffing finesse would work. He just has to bite the bullet and lose the two major suit aces.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   1
Pass2Pass2
Pass3Pass3
Pass4Pass4
Pass5All pass 

The Bidding: South's hand meets the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 for a 1st or 2nd seat opener. South has comfortable rebids. So South opens 1. West has nothing to say. North's 2 response is a natural Two Over One Game Force . South's 2 rebid shows 5+ diamonds. North's 3 rebid tends to show extra club length. South's 3 bid is a notrump probe. North, lacking a spade stopper, bids 4. South's 4 shows a real heart suit. North isn't interested in playing a 4-3 heart fit. If South has club length, the defense may be able to navigate club ruffs. If South is short in clubs, the defense may be able to cut communication with dummy, leaving North's running clubs stranded. North offers 5 as the final contract, ending the auction.

The Play in 4: The auction suggests North-South don't have a spade stopper. So West leads their Ace. When a singleton tables in dummy, it is common to signal Suit Preference . Here, East wants spades continued to tap dummy and position them to tap declarer. So East plays an intermediate spade. A spade continuation by West forces declarer to lose control of the hand. Declarer is down 2 or more.

The Play in 5: Declarer has no trouble scoring 11 tricks: 2 + 1 + 8.



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4 ♠QT6
4
J97652
♣J95
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠J2
AKJ975
K8
♣T42
♠A754
QT863
Q
♣KQ3
♠K983
2
AT43
♣A876
4
1213
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 3  ♥3 ♠6 NT5
EW: 4 2NT  ♣6 ♦4 ♠6
LoTT: 19 - 21 = -2
Par: -500 5*-NS-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.00   1.00  5 W -1   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
  100          4.00   1.00  5 W -1   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D8-McAdams-Conn
  100          4.00   1.00  4 W -1   D11-Petroff-Graham vs D3-Van Valin-Van Valin
        620    1.00   4.00  4 W      D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
        620    1.00   4.00  4 W      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
        620    1.00   4.00  4 W      D13-Wagner-Wagner vs D12-Burke-Koerner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

In first seat West opens 1 (he might open 2 in third seat). East will be thrilled--a good hand for a Splinter if that's a convention they use. But West will sign off. East might also try Blackwood--and then go down one when there's no place to shag the spade loser.



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5 ♠A9
QJ92
QJ965
♣A7
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠K432
A765
32
♣QJ4
♠85
843
K7
♣KT9652
♠QJT76
KT
AT84
♣83
14
106
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 6 4 4♠ 2NT
EW:  ♣6 ♦1 ♥2 ♠2 NT2
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: +1370 6-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  600          4.50   0.50  3N N      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
  600          4.50   0.50  5 N      D11-Petroff-Graham vs D3-Van Valin-Van Valin
  170          3.00   2.00  3 N +3   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
  150          2.00   3.00  3 N +2   D13-Wagner-Wagner vs D12-Burke-Koerner
        100    1.00   4.00  3N N -1   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
        200    0.00   5.00  3N N -2   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D8-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

North opens 1. His best rebid over South's 1 response is probably 1NT since he isn't strong enough to Reverse into hearts. South uses New Minor Forcing which allows North to show the hearts. Alas, there are only 8 tricks after an opening club lead, but many will be in that leaky boat. The reluctance to play minors will cost this time.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 1Pass1
Pass1NTPass21
Pass22Pass23
Pass3Pass4
Pass4All pass 
  1. artificial, forces a 2 rebid
  2. forced
  3. invitational with 5+

The Bidding: If playing a 15-17 HCP range, should North upgrade their 14 HCP hand based on their diamond length and QJ9 combinations in the red suits? North's black suit Ace-doubletons are not carrying their full weight. Opening 1 seems best. After South responds 1. North's 1NT rebid show a weak notrump hand with less than 4 hearts. South's 10 HCP hand merits an upgrade based on their texture, spade length and diamond fit. Methods to invite game vary by partnership agreement. New Minor Forcing is popular, but flawed. Two-Way New Minor Forcing is easier and better because it separates invitational and game forcing responses. It removes the need for opener to jump to show extra values. This leaves more room to offer a choice of games, and assess whether a slam is available. It also eliminates the need for responder to jump to the 3-level with a 6-card major and invitational values.

Using 2-Way New Minor Forcing , South bids an artificial 2. This forces opener to rebid 2. Now responder's 2 bid shows 5+ spades and invitational values. North, with a maximum, wants to accept the invitation, but is concerned about clubs. Game in a suit contract may have better play than 3NT. North's 3 bid shows values in hearts and a concern about clubs. South, with no help in clubs, shows their diamond fit. Since 4 scores better than 5 and requires only 10 tricks, North bids 4 to offer the 5-2 spade fit. South is happy to play 4.

Using new minor forcing, the auction should be similar. After South's artificial 2 new minor forcing rebid, North jumps to 3 to show a maximum with 4. South bids 3 to show concern about clubs. North prefers playing 4 in their 5-2 fit to playing 3NT.

Players wishing to learn an expert version of 2-Way new minor forcing should read Gavin Wolpert's "Two-Way new minor forcing (a.k.a. xyNT)" article.

The Play in Notrump: East leads the 10, top of an interior sequence. West knows they want to continue clubs. So they should make life easier by playing the Jack at trick 1. With the King and King onside, declarer can score 8 tricks. West sees their is no upside to covering dummy's Queen. When the defense gets in, they score their clubs and the Ace.

The Play in Spades: West leads the Queen, top of an honor sequence. Declarer has just a 9% chance of avoiding a spade loser. Declarer expects to lose a spade, a heart, and a club. Declarer needs to pickup diamonds without a loser. With a 9-card diamond fit, there is substantial risk of a diamond ruff. To mitigate chances of a defensive ruff, declarer Holds Up their Ace a round and knocks out the Ace before tackling diamonds. Here, with diamonds breaking 2-2 and the King onside, the defense cannot navigate a ruff. North's club shortness prevents the defense from tapping declarer prematurely. Looking at the A9 doubleton in dummy, West knows not to cover declarer's Queen. Declarer has 10 tricks. The defense scores 3 tricks: 1 + 1 + 1.

The Play in Diamonds: The auction suggests a lead away from East's King isn't risky. East's standard lead is the 10, top of an interior sequence. Declarer wins the Ace and finesses against East for the King. After drawing trump, declarer finesses against West for the King. West knows not to cover, but ducking doesn't help. Declarer later takes a ruffing finesse against the King. Declarer discards their club loser. Declarer knocks out the Ace and claims 12 tricks on the fortunate lie of the cards.



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6 ♠3
AQ9876
Q4
♣T653
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠Q92
T3
KT82
♣AKQJ
♠KT64
J42
J976
♣84
♠AJ875
K5
A53
♣972
8
155
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 3 2NT  ♦5 ♠6
EW: 1  ♣5 ♥4 ♠6 NT5
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +140 3-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          5.00   0.00  4 E -3   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
  140          3.50   1.50  2 N +1   D11-Petroff-Graham vs D3-Van Valin-Van Valin
  140          3.50   1.50  2 N +1   D13-Wagner-Wagner vs D12-Burke-Koerner
  110          2.00   3.00  2 N      D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D8-McAdams-Conn
  100          1.00   4.00  1N W -1   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
         50    0.00   5.00  3 N -1   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D9-Nielsen-Hall

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

When South opens 1, West's best call--if he must bid-- is 1NT. That may not deter a 2 call from North, though North's 8 HCP is about enough for a penalty double of 1NT. It will take a low heart lead to make the double really profitable.



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7 ♠J2
J7
AJT75
♣A872
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠A974
K84
Q92
♣Q95
♠86
A96532
64
♣KT3
♠KQT53
QT
K83
♣J64
11
117
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 2 2♠  ♥4 NT6
EW: 3 1NT  ♣5 ♦3/4 ♠3
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          5.00   0.00  3N W -3   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
  140          4.00   1.00  3♠ S      D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D8-McAdams-Conn
  110          3.00   2.00  2♠ S      D12-Burke-Koerner vs D11-Petroff-Graham
        100    2.00   3.00  2 N -1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
        140    1.00   4.00  3♠ E      D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
        200    0.00   5.00  3 N -2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D9-Nielsen-Hall

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

Will North open light with only 2-2 in the majors? If he does open 1, will East then preempt in hearts? It would be rewarded this time when partner has the King and the suit breaks 2-2. Over a heart bid, South will bid his spades, and North can pass opposite a passed partner when he knows partner must have at least five spades. West has more than enough to raise hearts in a competitive auction. Who'll blink first?



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8 ♠T985
A762
T43
♣63
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠A3
QT4
KQJ62
♣KQ9
♠764
K953
98
♣A542
♠KQJ2
J8
A75
♣JT87
4
177
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦3 ♥3 ♠6 NT5
EW: 3♣ 4 3 2NT  ♠6
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          5.00   0.00  2N W -1   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D8-McAdams-Conn
        110    4.00   1.00  2 W +1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
        120    3.00   2.00  1N W +1   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
        130    2.00   3.00  2 W +2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
        150    0.50   4.50  1N W +2   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
        150    0.50   4.50  1N W +2   D12-Burke-Koerner vs D11-Petroff-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

West opens 1NT, which buys the hand. If North leads a low heart, declarer will benefit--not so if North chooses the 10. We give no high card value to tens and nines, but the heart situation here is a good example of how important they can be.



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9 ♠97432
K
K5
♣QT962
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠-
AJT864
874
♣AJ43
♠AK86
Q732
AJT93
♣-
♠QJT5
95
Q62
♣K875
8
1014
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣6 ♦1 ♥0 ♠6 NT1
EW: 1♣ 5 7 1♠ 4NT
LoTT: 19 - 19 = 0
Par: -1700 7♠*-NS-7
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        650    3.50   1.50  5 W      D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D8-McAdams-Conn
        650    3.50   1.50  4 W +1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
        650    3.50   1.50  4 W +1   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
        650    3.50   1.50  4 W +1   D12-Burke-Koerner vs D11-Petroff-Graham
        680    0.50   4.50  4 W +2   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
        680    0.50   4.50  4 W +2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D9-Nielsen-Hall

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

East should remember to revalue her hand when West responds to 1 with 1. If they play splinters , East will bid 4; otherwise he should bid the heart game. The fear of duplication of values and that weakish suit will worry West, but the hand is golden, not that most won't lose to the singleton King! It's usual to take the finesse with 10 trumps.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 Pass1Pass
1Pass41Pass
4Pass5Pass
6All pass  
  1. artificial, game forcing, 4+ hearts, club shortness

The Bidding: After East opens 1 in 2nd seat, West responds 1. It is common to play a direct 1NT overcall by a passed hand as an Unusual notrump showing 5-5 or better in the unbid suits. Showing North's distribution is likely to help declarer if East-West buy the contract. The upside of showing North's distribution is the potential to find a profitable sacrifice or jam the opponent's auction. Here, North's honors are more oriented to defense than offense. Passing seems best.

East, with 19 Support Points and a Losing Trick Count of 5½, Splinters to show their heart support, club shortness, and game forcing strength. In his "Limit Bids: Evaluating Hands for Slams Part 3" article, Andrew Gumperz discusses how hands with a good fit and shortness in both hands can take a lot of tricks with relatively few HCP. Here, West knows the Short Suit Total is 0 or 1. So East-West expect to take 12 tricks with roughly 20 working HCP. Here, West's Jack is wasted, but West expects the rest of their hand to be working. East almost certainly has some wasted values in spades. Even so, slam is likely. West has a choice between cue bidding, Roman Keycard , and Exclusion . Cue bidding 4 seems best because it communicates the lack of a diamond control. East knows West's 4 cue bid is based on shortness. East's Ace-King are still worth 2 tricks. East is concerned about a potential diamond loser and a potential heart loser. If West holds the Queen, a finesse may avoid a diamond loser. If West has just small diamonds, double finessing offers a 75% chance of avoiding a second diamond loser. East wants to be in slam if a heart loser can be avoided. So West bids 5, a 5 of your Major Slam Try . West, with a strong 6-card heart suit, accepts the slam try.

The Play: A Splinter auction makes a trump lead attractive to reduce ruffing power. Here, North isn't willing to lead their singleton King.

When dummy tables, declarer sees East's AK provides 2 diamond discards. So declarer doesn't have a diamond loser. Declarer can afford to lose a heart trick if they navigate 3 club ruffs. The biggest risk is a defensive overruff and later losing the King. If hearts break 2-1, a 78% chance, this risk can be avoided by cashing the Ace. Cashing the Ace is costly when if hearts break 3-1 and the defense can score an overruff and draw a 2nd round of trump before declarer navigates their 3rd club ruff. Since many partnerships will not reach this 24 HCP slam, it is best to play safely to make 6. So some may cash their Ace as a Safety Play . Here, the Safety Play drops North's singleton King, allowing declarer to score all the tricks.

Since North wouldn't have passed as dealer at favorable vulnerability if they held 8 or 9 clubs, there is little chance South has less than 2 clubs. Similarly, South wouldn't have passed East's 1 opening if they held 8 or 9 spades. So declarer can reasonably believe there is little chance of a spade overruff. So declarer may choose to delay drawing trump and take a heart finesse after ruffing 3 clubs. Since after ruffing 3 clubs, declarer can no longer pickup K95 in South's hand. So finessing against the King avoids a heart loser only when South holds K9, K5, or King, a 39% chance. Cashing the Ace offers a 26% of avoiding a heart loser. The extra 13% chance for an overtrick doesn't justify declining the safety of cashing the Ace early. Declarers who finesse against the King score 12 tricks.



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10 ♠KT92
AJ942
J9
♣AJ
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠873
KQ765
AK6
♣76
♠QJ6
T
QT532
♣T542
♠A54
83
874
♣KQ983
14
125
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 2 3♠ 2NT  ♦6
EW: 1  ♣4 ♥5 ♠4 NT5
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: +140 3♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  630          5.00   0.00  3N N +1   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
  600          4.00   1.00  3N N      D1-Downard-Glenn vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
  500          3.00   2.00  3 W -5   D11-Petroff-Graham vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
  300          2.00   3.00  1 W -3   D12-Burke-Koerner vs D4-Zizic-Eliason
  110          0.50   4.50  2♣ S +1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
  110          0.50   4.50  2♣ S +1   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D8-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

West startles North by opening 1. If North must bid, his best choice is 1NT, but pass is certainly a logical alternative. East might eke out a 1NT response if North passes. If that is forcing, West will now bid 2 and East will be thrilled to pass. On the other hand, if East also passes, South may balance with 2. There are so many ways to go with this hand.



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11 ♠T4
KQ962
2
♣AJ432
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠Q
A
AQJT87654
♣95
♠K8765
JT743
K
♣Q7
♠AJ932
85
93
♣KT86
10
139
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 2 2♠  ♦3 NT3
EW: 4 1NT  ♣3 ♥5 ♠5
LoTT: 19 - 19 = 0
Par: -130 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          4.50   0.50  5 W -1   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
   50          4.50   0.50  5 W -1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
        150    2.50   2.50  4 W +1   D11-Petroff-Graham vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
        150    2.50   2.50  4 W +1   D12-Burke-Koerner vs D4-Zizic-Eliason
        400    1.00   4.00  5 W      D1-Downard-Glenn vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
        510    0.00   5.00  4* W     D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D8-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

West can't be faulted for opening 5 with this monster. Unfortunately, it's normal to lead out even unsupported Aces against such bidding, and the first three tricks will go to the defenders. To add insult, N-S don't have a game. Rats.



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12 ♠QJT3
764
7
♣T8542
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠A8
KQT952
842
♣Q7
♠K5
A8
T653
♣AJ963
♠97642
J3
AKQJ9
♣K
3
1112
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♠  ♣2 ♦5 ♥2 NT2
EW: 1♣ 1 4 2NT  ♠4
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: -420 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  140          5.00   0.00  3♠ N      D1-Downard-Glenn vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
  100          4.00   1.00  2♣ E -2   D11-Petroff-Graham vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
   50          1.50   3.50  4 W -1   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
   50          1.50   3.50  4 W -1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
   50          1.50   3.50  4 W -1   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D8-McAdams-Conn
   50          1.50   3.50  4 W -1   D12-Burke-Koerner vs D4-Zizic-Eliason

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

West opens 2. Will East raise? It's not outlandish. Unfortunately, the K is offside and North is sure to lead a diamond. No fun there for declarer. Who's going to drop that K?



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13 ♠KT
AKJ86
K
♣AQT63
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠J972
7
AJ876
♣984
♠A54
QT952
Q954
♣K
♠Q863
43
T32
♣J752
20
611
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 2 1NT  ♦4 ♠6
EW: 3 1♠  ♣3 ♥5 NT6
LoTT: 19 - 18 = +1
Par: +130 4♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  130          5.00   0.00  3♣ N +1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D8-McAdams-Conn
  100          4.00   1.00  3♠ W -1   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
        100    2.50   2.50  1 N -1   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D12-Burke-Koerner
        100    2.50   2.50  1 N -1   D13-Wagner-Wagner vs D5-Robbins-Buckley
        400    1.00   4.00  4 N -4   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D11-Petroff-Graham
        800    0.00   5.00  3* N -3  D10-Whaley-Shaffer vs D9-Nielsen-Hall

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

North does not have a good hand for 2: two-suited hands are hard to describe when the bidding has been jammed by opening at the two level. 1 could pass out and the bad break is painful. But if West (foolishly) decides to balance, North will show her clubs offering a contract South finds more appealing. There's yet another singleton king off-side.



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14 ♠987
73
K854
♣QJ93
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠AJ542
JT642
AT
♣7
♠K63
AQ85
73
♣A654
♠QT
K9
QJ962
♣KT82
6
1013
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 1  ♥1 ♠2 NT2
EW: 5 5♠ 2NT  ♣6 ♦6
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: -450 5♠-EW/5-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        150    5.00   0.00  4 S -3   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D8-McAdams-Conn
        200    4.00   1.00  2♠ W +3   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D12-Burke-Koerner
        450    2.00   3.00  4 W +1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D11-Petroff-Graham
        450    2.00   3.00  4 W +1   D10-Whaley-Shaffer vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
        450    2.00   3.00  4 W +1   D13-Wagner-Wagner vs D5-Robbins-Buckley
        480    0.00   5.00  4 W +2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

East opens 1, rebidding 1NT over West's 1. What West bids now depends on their agreements. Some will use New Minor Forcing; others will jump to 3 now to show the 5-5 distribution. The same losers are in effect for game in either major: a heart and a diamond.



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15 ♠KJ62
J82
T5
♣A542
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠AQ
K53
K987632
♣6
♠85
Q974
AQ4
♣KJT8
♠T9743
AT6
J
♣Q973
9
1212
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 1♠  ♦2 ♥4 NT3
EW: 4 2 2/4NT  ♣5 ♠5
LoTT: 17 - 19 = -2
Par: -430 4NT-W
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          5.00   0.00  5 W -1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D11-Petroff-Graham
        400    3.50   1.50  5 W      D1-Downard-Glenn vs D12-Burke-Koerner
        400    3.50   1.50  5 W      D10-Whaley-Shaffer vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
        420    2.00   3.00  4 W      D13-Wagner-Wagner vs D5-Robbins-Buckley
        430    1.00   4.00  3N W +1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D8-McAdams-Conn
        490    0.00   5.00  3N W +3   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

West has much too good a hand for a preempt and opens 1. East bids 1 and West 2. Of course, East can just play diamonds--it doesn't sound like they have the points for a game requiring 11 tricks, but the NT game will be hard to achieve--and it must be bid by WEst to protect the spade tenace.



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16 ♠T972
K94
AT73
♣A9
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠AK864
7
8652
♣KQ4
♠53
T8532
KQJ9
♣72
♠QJ
AQJ6
4
♣JT8653
11
126
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 1 2/1NT  ♦5 ♠6
EW: 1  ♣3 ♥5 ♠6 NT3/4
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: +130 4♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          5.00   0.00  2♠ W -3   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D11-Petroff-Graham
  200          3.00   2.00  1N E -2   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
  200          3.00   2.00  3 W -2   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
  200          3.00   2.00  3 W -2   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
  150          1.00   4.00  1N S +2   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D12-Burke-Koerner
  120          0.00   5.00  2N N      D9-Nielsen-Hall vs D8-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

West opens 1 and East just has enough for 1NT. Would any South bid that terrible club suit? Probably not. West now bids 2, which East is delighted to pass. Now South might double with both clubs and hearts, though the bad break will doom this rational contract.



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17 ♠J987542
AQJ8
9
♣6
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠KQ3
9542
Q865
♣J2
♠T
K73
KJ732
♣9853
♠A6
T6
AT4
♣AKQT74
8
87
17
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 3 5/4♠ 3NT  ♦6
EW:  ♣2 ♦6 ♥3 ♠2 NT3
LoTT: 17 - 18 = -1
Par: +450 5♠-S
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  420          3.50   1.50  4♠ N      D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
  420          3.50   1.50  4♠ N      D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
  420          3.50   1.50  4♠ N      D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
  420          3.50   1.50  4♠ N      D9-Nielsen-Hall vs D8-McAdams-Conn
  400          1.00   4.00  3N S      D1-Downard-Glenn vs D11-Petroff-Graham
        100    0.00   5.00  6♠ N -2   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D12-Burke-Koerner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

Once South has opened and jumped in clubs, North will rebid the spades and play the spade game. What will East lead? A low red card makes sense, and the diamond suit looks more promising.



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18 ♠AK
JT
JT84
♣Q8432
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠Q63
A9643
A2
♣T76
♠J7542
Q8
9653
♣A9
♠T98
K752
KQ7
♣KJ5
11
107
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 3 1NT  ♥6 ♠5
EW: 1 1♠  ♣3 ♦4 NT4
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +110 3-NS/3♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  180          5.00   0.00  2N N +2   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D12-Burke-Koerner
  130          3.00   2.00  3♣ S +1   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D11-Petroff-Graham
  130          3.00   2.00  3♣ N +1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
  130          3.00   2.00  2♣ S +2   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
  110          1.00   4.00  3♣ N      D9-Nielsen-Hall vs D8-McAdams-Conn
        100    0.00   5.00  3 S -1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

South opens 1, West bids 1 and North bids 2 to show a limit raise in clubs. What now for South? He has a heart stopper and could bid 2NT and a heart lead certainly won't stop that train. A spade lead, on the other hand, would be super costly. Is it likely? I doubt it.



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19 ♠AJT
Q
J83
♣A87543
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠Q987
T6
K964
♣T62
♠532
AKJ983
AT
♣J9
♠K64
7542
Q752
♣KQ
12
513
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 2 1♠  ♥5 NT5
EW: 2  ♣3 ♦5 ♠6 NT4
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: +110 3♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          4.00   1.00  3 S      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
  110          4.00   1.00  3♣ N      D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
  110          4.00   1.00  3♣ N      D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D11-Petroff-Graham
         50    1.50   3.50  3 S -1   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
         50    1.50   3.50  3♣ N -1   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D12-Burke-Koerner
        150    0.00   5.00  2N W +1   D8-McAdams-Conn vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
20 ♠Q874
87
Q943
♣Q95
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠J52
KQ6432
A
♣T74
♠KT
AT5
KJ52
♣K862
♠A963
J9
T876
♣AJ3
6
1014
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5 ♦6 ♥3 ♠6 NT4
EW: 2♣ 1 4 1♠ 3NT
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: -620 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          4.50   0.50  4 W -2   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
  200          4.50   0.50  4 W -2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
  100          2.50   2.50  4 W -1   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D12-Burke-Koerner
  100          2.50   2.50  4 W -1   D8-McAdams-Conn vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
        140    1.00   4.00  3 W      D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D11-Petroff-Graham
        170    0.00   5.00  3 W +1   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
21 ♠QT6
K2
T754
♣KQ95
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠J973
J7
Q8
♣AJ743
♠K84
Q9853
J92
♣T2
♠A52
AT64
AK63
♣86
10
96
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 4 2 2/3♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣4 ♦3 ♥4 ♠4 NT4
LoTT: 14 - 15 = -1
Par: +600 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  250          5.00   0.00  3♠ W -5   D8-McAdams-Conn vs D7-Bloedorn-Gillmon
  180          3.50   1.50  2N S +2   D1-Downard-Glenn vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
  180          3.50   1.50  1N S +3   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D9-Nielsen-Hall
  150          2.00   3.00  2N S +1   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D11-Petroff-Graham
        100    1.00   4.00  3N S -1   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D12-Burke-Koerner
        200    0.00   5.00  3N S -2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
22 ♠K984
943
7
♣KQ542
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠Q6
J2
AKQT6
♣JT76
♠AJ752
AT6
432
♣83
♠T3
KQ875
J985
♣A9
8
139
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣6 ♦4 ♠6 NT4
EW: 3/2 1♠ 3/2NT  ♣6 ♥5
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -500 4*-NS-3
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          5.00   0.00  2♠ E -2   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
  110          4.00   1.00  2 S      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D12-Burke-Koerner
  100          2.00   3.00  2♠ E -1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D8-McAdams-Conn
  100          2.00   3.00  3 W -1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
  100          2.00   3.00  3 W -1   D9-Nielsen-Hall vs D1-Downard-Glenn
         50    0.00   5.00  3 S -1   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D11-Petroff-Graham
23 ♠986
KJ6
A5
♣Q9652
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠AQ4
A95
KQ82
♣AT3
♠J32
T2
J43
♣KJ874
♠KT75
Q8743
T976
♣-
10
196
5
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣3 ♦4 ♠5 NT3
EW: 4♣ 3/2 2♠ 4NT  ♥6
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: -630 4NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          5.00   0.00  2 S      D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D8-McAdams-Conn
        100    4.00   1.00  2 S -1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D13-Wagner-Wagner
        120    3.00   2.00  2N W      D9-Nielsen-Hall vs D1-Downard-Glenn
        180    2.00   3.00  2N W +2   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
        200    1.00   4.00  3 S -2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D12-Burke-Koerner
        600    0.00   5.00  3N W      D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D11-Petroff-Graham
24 ♠KJ53
85
Q64
♣A972
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠A87
AKJ6
KJ72
♣Q5
♠QT942
32
5
♣KJT43
♠6
QT974
AT983
♣86
10
186
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣3 ♥5/6 ♠3 NT3/4
EW: 3♣ 1 4♠ 3NT  ♦6
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.50   0.50  3N W -2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D12-Burke-Koerner
  100          4.50   0.50  2 W -2   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D8-McAdams-Conn
   50          3.00   2.00  4♠ W -1   D2-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D11-Petroff-Graham
        110    2.00   3.00  2♠ W      D9-Nielsen-Hall vs D1-Downard-Glenn
        170    1.00   4.00  3♠ W +1   D5-Robbins-Buckley vs D10-Whaley-Shaffer
        400    0.00   5.00  3N W      D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D13-Wagner-Wagner