- Monday Aft - November 5, 2018

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Field strength:  Mean: 1165 MP  Geomean: 615 MP
(based on 22 players, 2 non ACBL players ignored)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Elaine McAdams - Joan Glenn 63.33 1st OA 2.33
Anne Cline - Donald Cline 62.08 2nd OA 1.75
Mike Pemberton - Ron Saltis 53.75 3rd OA 1.31
Carol Lilly - Tee Downard 51.25 4/5th OA 0.86
Gary Feldman - Joseph Gaynor 51.25 4/5th OA 0.86
Gwen Wagner - Richard Wagner 47.50 1st SB 0.32
Carol Jarboe - Wanda Miller 47.08 2nd SB 0.22
EVENT>Open Club Champ          |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> D N-S
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>November 5, 2018   |CLUB NO.>127100    | 11/05/2018 16:01
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Chris Gillmon   |RATING>Club Championship (100%, 80%, 80% Open)|MOVEMENT>MITCHELL
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/1000/300  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=4/C=1                       ,---,-----------------,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |      Overall    |           Section       |      |Final    |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Joan Glenn             Elaine McAdams           B   1     1     .   |   1     1     .     76.00  63.33  2.33(OA)
 2 Tee Downard            Carol Lilly              C  4/5   2/3    .   |  2/3   2/3    .     61.50  51.25  0.86(OA)
 3 Sally Van Valin        Gary Van Valin           B   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     51.00  42.50
 4 Dick Zizic             John Eliason             A   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     51.50  42.92
 5 Ilona Smith            Ken Ellenberger          A   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     58.50  48.75
 6 Gary Feldman           Joseph Gaynor            B  4/5   2/3    .   |  2/3   2/3    .     61.50  51.25  0.86(OA)
                                          Totals                                            360.00

EVENT>Open Club Champ          |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> D E-W
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/1000/300  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=4/C=2                       ,---,-----------------,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |      Overall    |           Section       |      |Final    |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Richard Wagner         Gwen Wagner              B   .     .     .   |   .     1     .     57.00  47.50  0.32(SB)
 2 Ron Saltis             Mike Pemberton           A   3     .     .   |   2     .     .     64.50  53.75  1.31(OA)
 3 Mary Jane Graham       Ginny Rockefeller        C   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     52.00  43.33
 4 Anne Conn              Louise Shaffer           B   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     55.50  46.25
 5 Carol Jarboe           Wanda Miller             C   .     .     .   |   .     2     .     56.50  47.08  0.22(SB)
 6 Anne Cline             Donald Cline             A   2     .     .   |   1     .     .     74.50  62.08  1.75(OA)
                                          Totals                                            360.00

Hands and Results
1 ♠KJT543
8
Q8643
♣9
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠962
Q954
KT52
♣JT
♠Q87
K32
A7
♣AK543
♠A
AJT76
J9
♣Q8762
6
616
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 1♠  ♣6 ♥5 NT5
EW: 1♣ 2 2/1NT  ♦5 ♠5
LoTT: 15 - 14 = +1
Par: -120 2NT-E
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  250          5.00   0.00  3 W -5   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
  200          4.00   1.00  3 W -4   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
         50    2.50   2.50  2♠ N -1   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
         50    2.50   2.50  2 S -1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-Cline-Cline
        100    0.50   4.50  3N S -2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
        100    0.50   4.50  3N N -2   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D5-Jarboe-Miller

David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 22NTAll pass

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1-2, 8-9, and 11.

The Bidding: In his "Better Preempts IV: Preempts by Seat Position (part 1)" article, Andrew Gumperz advises agreeing to preempt aggressively in 1st seat. Here, North's 6-5 distribution has great offensive potential. With better spade texture, a 3 preempt would be attractive. Here, opening a Weak Two Spades seems sufficient.

East is too strong to pass, and doesn't have the shape for a takeout double. Overcalling 3 with a 5-card suit with poor texture isn't attractive. Despite a marginal spade stopper, East prefers showing their strength with a 2NT overcall. South and West have nothing to say. East's 2NT overcall ends the auction.

The Lead: Leading South's singleton Ace has the upside of unblocking the spade suit. Assuming declarer has a spade stopper for their 2NT overcall, North will need 2 entries to realize that upside. That doesn't seem likely. South's heart suit may may the easiest to establish. However, leading a heart could easily give declarer a trick. Clubs may be more difficult to establish. A club lead could also cost a trick. Cashing the Ace to look at dummy has the upside of looking at dummy, but will remove a guess for declarer.

The Play: Declarer has 4 quick winners. A club trick and a heart trick can be developed by knocking out the Queen and Ace. That would bring declarer to 6 tricks. When declarer plays on hearts and clubs, they will get a complete count of the hand. Declarer can score a 2nd heart trick by finessing against South for the Jack-Ten. If declarer guesses the spades, they can score their Queen by ducking a round and leading low towards the Queen. Declarer may prefer squeezing North in the pointed suits to score their 8th trick. If South doesn't lead their Ace and declarer gets the spades wrong, the defense can beat 2NT.



****************************************
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2 ♠87
AJT5
763
♣J832
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠JT92
Q4
QT52
♣975
♠A3
K9863
AJ94
♣KQ
♠KQ654
72
K8
♣AT64
6
517
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 1♠ 1NT  ♦4 ♥5
EW: 3 1  ♣4 ♠6/5 NT6
LoTT: 18 - 16 = +2
Par: -110 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   80          5.00   0.00  1♠ S      D2-Downard-Lilly vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
         90    4.00   1.00  1N E      D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
        100    3.00   2.00  2♠ S -1   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
        110    1.50   3.50  2 E +1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-Cline-Cline
        110    1.50   3.50  2 E +1   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
        300    0.00   5.00  2♠ S -3   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D4-Conn-Shaffer

David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  11
PassPassDbl2
PassPass2Pass
Pass3All pass 

The Bidding: East has a choice between opening their semi-balanced hand 1 or 1NT. Here, East's hearts are relatively weak and East has stoppers in both doubletons. So opening 1NT is feasible. In a notrump contract, East isn't eager to have a spade led through West. The main reason to open 1NT would be too obstruct a 1 overcall. With an easy rebid, opening 1 seems best. South overcalls 1. West isn't strong enough to freely bid 1NT. North has nothing to say. East has a choice of balancing with a double or showing their diamond suit. Playing Negative Doubles , East cannot double a 1 overcall for penalty. So East prefers reopening with a double. South has a close choice between passing and introducing their club suit. If West bids 2 or 2 as expected, South will not know whether to compete in clubs. Bidding 2 now to avoid that guess seems best. After 2 passes, East balances with 2. Since South showed 9+ cards in the black suits, North expects East-West to have an 8+ card diamond fit. Allowing the opponents to play in their 8-card fit at the 2-level is generally a losing strategy. See Larry Cohen's "I Can't Stand It" article. North prefers to compete to 3. Now East-West must guess whether to compete to the 3-level. The Law of Total Tricks advises against competing to 3.

At tables where East opens 1NT, South's action depends on their partnership's defensive agreements. If playing Meckwell , South overcalls 2 to show clubs and a major. If playing DONT a 2 overcall shows a 2-suiter with clubs. Either way, West and North have nothing to say. A common expert agreement is to play Negative Doubles over interference. Here, East doesn't have the shape for a takeout oriented double. East isn't eager to defend 2. East prefers to bid 2. This isn't a fit auction. 2 is likely to buy the contract.

The Play in Diamonds: South is likely to lead the King, top of an honor sequence. Since North could have a singleton spade, declarer wins the Ace. Here, the King lead helps establish West's spades. Declarer has many routes to 9 tricks.

The Play in 2: A club lead and club tap are needed to beat 2. After the likely King lead, declarer can make 2 if they guess the heart position. If South attempts to have North ruff out one of West's spade winners, declarer will not have to guess the hearts.

The Play in 3: West is likely to lead their Queen, top of a doubleton. Declarer calls for the Ace. Leading a low club towards the Ace offers a 43% of holding club losers to 1 trick. Since ruffs may be needed to establish declarer's spades, declarer delays drawing trump and leads a low spade from dummy. East will likely duck. If so, declarer's King (or Queen) wins, and declarer exits a low spade. When East is in with their Ace, they expect West to have started with Queen-doubleton, or Queen singleton. So they cash their King and lead a 3rd round of hearts. Declarer must guess the club layout to make 3.



****************************************
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3 ♠AJ54
K
98642
♣JT5
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠KT97
AQ742
T
♣KQ4
♠Q63
T953
Q7
♣A732
♠82
J86
AKJ53
♣986
9
148
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2  ♣2 ♥2 ♠3 NT4
EW: 5♣ 5 3♠ 1NT  ♦5
LoTT: 19 - 19 = 0
Par: -650 5-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  3 E -1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-Cline-Cline
        110    3.50   1.50  2 W      D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
        110    3.50   1.50  2 W      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
        140    2.00   3.00  2 W +1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
        500    1.00   4.00  5* S -3  D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
        620    0.00   5.00  4 W      D2-Downard-Lilly vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
4 ♠AK
Q82
KT974
♣QJ9
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠Q43
KT75
52
♣A854
♠J97652
J63
63
♣73
♠T8
A94
AQJ8
♣KT62
15
92
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5♣ 5 3 1♠ 5NT
EW:  ♣2 ♦2 ♥4 ♠6 NT2
LoTT: 17 - 18 = -1
Par: +660 5NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  660          3.00   2.00  4N N +1   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
  660          3.00   2.00  4N N +1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
  660          3.00   2.00  3N N +2   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-Cline-Cline
  660          3.00   2.00  3N N +2   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
  660          3.00   2.00  3N N +2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
        100    0.00   5.00  6N N -1   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
5 ♠Q7
A87
T743
♣T963
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠KJT94
K2
K8
♣KQ85
♠8532
QJT53
65
♣42
♠A6
964
AQJ92
♣AJ7
6
153
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1/2♣ 3 1/2NT  ♥4 ♠4
EW: 3 3♠  ♣4 ♦4 NT5
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: -140 3♠-EW/3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  120          5.00   0.00  1N S +1   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
  110          4.00   1.00  3 S      D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D6-Cline-Cline
        110    3.00   2.00  2♠ W      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
        140    1.00   4.00  3♠ W      D2-Downard-Lilly vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
        140    1.00   4.00  3♠ W      D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
        140    1.00   4.00  2♠ W +1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
6 ♠K5
T7
J74
♣AQ7652
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠AJ982
6
KQ5
♣KT83
♠T43
QJ942
T92
♣J9
♠Q76
AK853
A863
♣4
10
134
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 2 3 2NT  ♠6
EW: 1♠  ♣4 ♦4/5 ♥4 NT5
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: +140 3-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  140          5.00   0.00  2 S +1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
  110          3.50   1.50  3♣ N      D2-Downard-Lilly vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
  110          3.50   1.50  2♣ N +1   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
         50    1.50   3.50  2N N -1   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
         50    1.50   3.50  2 S -1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
        100    0.00   5.00  3♣ N -2   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D6-Cline-Cline
7 ♠A85
AQ
Q62
♣T7543
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠KQJ73
J3
T5
♣KQJ2
♠962
T976
K973
♣86
♠T4
K8542
AJ84
♣A9
12
133
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2/3♣ 4 3 1♠ 2NT
EW:  ♣4 ♦3 ♥4 ♠6 NT5
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: +140 3-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  120          5.00   0.00  2N N      D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D6-Cline-Cline
  110          3.50   1.50  2 S      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
  110          3.50   1.50  3♣ N      D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
   90          2.00   3.00  2♣ N      D2-Downard-Lilly vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
        200    0.50   4.50  3N N -2   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
        200    0.50   4.50  3 S -2   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
8 ♠JT92
A32
AQ9
♣K52
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠7
KQJ864
5
♣JT974
♠AK853
T9
J32
♣AQ8
♠Q64
75
KT8764
♣63
14
714
5
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 1NT  ♣1 ♥1 ♠6
EW: 5♣ 5 1♠  ♦5 NT6
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: -450 5-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        170    5.00   0.00  3 W +1   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
        230    4.00   1.00  3 W +3   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
        250    3.00   2.00  4 S -5   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
        450    2.00   3.00  4 W +1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
        500    1.00   4.00  5* S -3  D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D6-Cline-Cline
        590    0.00   5.00  4* W     D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Jarboe-Miller

David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
3Pass4All pass

The Bidding: In his "Better Preempts IV: Preempts by Seat Position (part 1)" article, Andrew Gumperz recommends preempting aggressively in 1st seat. Here, West's 6-5 distribution argues for preempting 3. North isn't strong enough to bid 3NT. In his "Bidding Over Preempts" lecture, Roger Lee advises being more conservative with length in the preempter's suit. After pausing the mandatory 10 seconds after a skip bid, North passes. East has 3 quick winners. East's Queen is a winner if West or North has the King. If West has the Jack, a second club trick can be developed even if the King is offside. Bidding 4 is reasonable even opposite an aggressive preempt.

At tables where West opens a Weak Two Hearts , North has a close choice between passing, making a takeout double with a flat hand, and a light 2NT overcall. If North passes, East use the partnership's method to make a Game Try . If using 2NT as a Feature ask, West has no Feature to show. If playing Ogust , West can show a good trump suit, but will show a bad hand despite their good distribution. From East's perspective, game could require 2 successful finesses. So East may well stop at 3. West isn't the captain of the auction, but they will certainly want to bid game with their 6-5 distribution. If North overcalls 2NT, East may double for penalty. If a runout is available, South will be eager to run to 3. A 2NT overcall makes it more difficult for East-West to reach game. The club finesse is more likely to succeed, but East knows North has at least 1 heart trick.

The Play in Hearts: The defense must take their diamond trick before declarer gains the lead or they will not score a diamond trick. With the King onside, declarer scores 11 or 12 tricks depending on the lead.



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9 ♠J5
AK62
853
♣8652
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠KT98762
84
-
♣J974
♠A3
QJ3
KQJ962
♣AT
♠Q4
T975
AT74
♣KQ3
8
417
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5 ♦4/5 ♥5 ♠1/2 NT3
EW: 2♣ 2 4♠ 2NT  ♥6
LoTT: 15 - 17 = -2
Par: -620 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  3N E -1   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
        110    4.00   1.00  3 E      D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
        170    3.00   2.00  2♠ E +2   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
        620    2.00   3.00  4♠ W      D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D6-Cline-Cline
        650    0.50   4.50  4♠ W +1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
        650    0.50   4.50  4♠ W +1   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton

David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 Pass1Pass
1Pass2NTPass
4All pass  

The Bidding: On board 2, East had a choice between opening their semi-balanced hand 1 or 1NT. Here, East faces a similar decision between 1 and 1NT. Suppressing a 5-card heart suit is riskier than suppressing a 6-card diamond suit because minor suit contracts are a low priority at Matchpoints . The problem with opening 1NT is East's hand, with it source of tricks in diamonds, is too strong. Opening 1 seems best. South has nothing to say. West responds 1. East's jump to 2NT advertises an 18-19 HCP balanced hand. West's 7-2-0-4 distribution has trick taking potential despite holding just 4 HCP. West places the contract at 4.

At tables where East opens 1NT, West's 7-2-0-4 distribution has trick taking potential despite holding just 4 HCP. In his "Jacoby or Texas with a 6-card major?" article, Larry Cohen discusses how it is common to play a Jacoby Transfer followed by bidding game in your major as a mild slam try. With no slam interest, a Texas Transfer is used. At a minimum, west should invite game and show 6+ spades with a Jacoby Transfer followed by 3. East, with a maximum and a source of tricks is happy to bid 4.

The Play: Declarer is disappointed to see East's diamond strength opposite West's void. Declarer has 2 quick losers in hearts. The defense can quickly establish a club winner. With a 9-card spade fit missing the Queen and Jack, declarer has just a 46% chance of avoiding a spade loser. Declarer also has 2 potential club losers. So declarer needs luck to score 10 tricks. The opening lead may help declarer establish a heart winner or a 2nd club winner. If so, declarer may be able to score 10 tricks by ruffing a club in the short hand. If the defense leads spades in time to prevent a club ruff, declarer can establish 2 diamond winners with a ruffing finesse.



****************************************
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10 ♠J
AT52
T7
♣AT7654
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠752
J864
K96
♣KQ2
♠AKQ
K973
Q82
♣J98
♠T98643
Q
AJ543
♣3
9
915
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 2 1♠  ♥5 NT5
EW: 2 2NT  ♣6 ♦5 ♠5
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: -120 2NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          4.50   0.50  2N E -2   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
  200          4.50   0.50  2N E -2   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
  100          3.00   2.00  3 E -1   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
        100    2.00   3.00  2♠ S -1   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
        110    1.00   4.00  2 E      D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
        200    0.00   5.00  2 S -2   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D6-Cline-Cline
11 ♠AQ6543
J3
J65
♣63
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠T9
AKT876
QT8
♣A2
♠KJ2
542
A74
♣Q984
♠87
Q9
K932
♣KJT75
8
1310
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣6 ♦5 ♥2 ♠6 NT2
EW: 1♣ 2/1 5/4 1♠ 5/4NT
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -460 5NT-E
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          5.00   0.00  4 W -1   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
        150    4.00   1.00  3♠ N -3   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
        170    3.00   2.00  3 W +1   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
        200    2.00   3.00  3 W +2   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D6-Cline-Cline
        420    1.00   4.00  4 W      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
        450    0.00   5.00  5 W      D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Conn-Shaffer

David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   Pass
122NT1Pass
4All pass  
  1. artificial, invitational heart raise

The Bidding: After West opens 1, North jams the auction with a weak jump 2 overcall. It is common for responder to cue bid to show an invitational or better raise. Here, a 3 cue bid would force the partnership to game. In your partnership would a 3 bid by East be competitive or invitational? The ACBL mandates a 10 second pause after a skip bid to help avoid tempo disclosing whether a bid was easy or not.

To avoid guessing many expert partnerships give up a natural 2NT response. This allows a 3 bid to show a competitive raise. An artificial 2NT bid shows an invitational or better raise. Good Bad 2NT isn't a good option here because responder may not have a chance to show a competitive heart raise. East invites a heart game with an artificial 2NT response. West, with 15 Support Points and a Losing Trick Count of 6, places the contract at 4.

The Play: North isn't eager to lead away from the spade Tenace or a red Jack. So North is likely to find the club lead needed to hold declarer to 10 tricks. Without a club lead, declarer has the tempo to draw to finesse against North for the Queen and discard their club loser.



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12 ♠QJ65
K
KQ752
♣J83
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠A87432
J2
94
♣A95
♠-
Q9863
863
♣QT762
♠KT9
AT754
AJT
♣K4
12
94
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4/3 2 2♠ 2NT  ♣6
EW: 1♣  ♦3 ♥4 ♠5 NT3
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: +130 4-S
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  660          5.00   0.00  3N S +2   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
  600          3.50   1.50  3N S      D2-Downard-Lilly vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
  600          3.50   1.50  3N S      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
        200    1.50   3.50  3N N -2   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
        200    1.50   3.50  3N N -2   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D6-Cline-Cline
       1100    0.00   5.00  4* S -4  D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
13 ♠AJ3
J52
AJ63
♣Q54
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠-
KQ873
754
♣AT762
♠Q987542
A94
T9
♣J
♠KT6
T6
KQ82
♣K983
13
97
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 1NT  ♦5 ♥4 ♠5/6
EW: 2 1♠  ♣6 ♦3 NT6
LoTT: 13 - 16 = -3
Par: -110 2-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  600          5.00   0.00  3N N      D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
  130          4.00   1.00  3 N +1   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
  100          3.00   2.00  3 E -1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
        200    1.50   3.50  3N S -2   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D6-Cline-Cline
        200    1.50   3.50  3 N -2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
        400    0.00   5.00  4 N -4   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
14 ♠7
K92
AQT85
♣AQ74
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠AJT63
J5
92
♣9632
♠KQ952
A8
J3
♣KJT8
♠84
QT7643
K764
♣5
15
614
5
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5 5  ♣5 ♠4 NT6
EW: 2♣ 1♠  ♦2 ♥2 NT6
LoTT: 18 - 19 = -1
Par: +450 5-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  450          5.00   0.00  5 S      D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
  400          4.00   1.00  5 N      D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
  130          3.00   2.00  4 N      D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
  100          2.00   3.00  3♠ E -2   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
   50          1.00   4.00  4♠ E -1   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D6-Cline-Cline
        140    0.00   5.00  3♠ E      D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
15 ♠K6
943
42
♣Q98762
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠T8742
T6
T83
♣T43
♠AJ53
AQ75
Q7
♣KJ5
♠Q9
KJ82
AKJ965
♣A
5
017
18
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 4 3 2NT  ♠5
EW: 2♠  ♣4 ♦3 ♥4/3 NT5/3
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: +130 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  750          5.00   0.00  5* S     D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
  130          4.00   1.00  3 S +1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
  110          3.00   2.00  3 S      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
  100          2.00   3.00  3♠* W -1  D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
   50          1.00   4.00  2♠ E -1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
        100    0.00   5.00  3 S -1   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D6-Cline-Cline
16 ♠72
AJT85
AT85
♣J5
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠AQJT6
Q6
942
♣A73
♠543
9432
KQJ3
♣T2
♠K98
K7
76
♣KQ9864
10
136
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 1  ♦6 ♠5 NT6
EW: 1♠  ♣2 ♦6 ♥5 NT2
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +110 3♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          5.00   0.00  3♠ W -2   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
  150          4.00   1.00  3♣ S +2   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
  130          3.00   2.00  3♣ S +1   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
  120          2.00   3.00  2N S      D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
         50    1.00   4.00  3 N -1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
        100    0.00   5.00  3 N -2   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D6-Cline-Cline
17 ♠KQJ7
KT5
AK53
♣43
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠T83
AQ762
97
♣A98
♠9652
J4
Q62
♣T765
♠A4
983
JT84
♣KQJ2
16
103
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 4 2 3♠ 2NT
EW:  ♣3 ♦3 ♥5 ♠4 NT4
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: +140 3♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  430          4.00   1.00  3N N +1   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
  430          4.00   1.00  3N N +1   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
  430          4.00   1.00  3N N +1   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
  400          1.50   3.50  3N N      D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
  400          1.50   3.50  3N N      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D6-Cline-Cline
        100    0.00   5.00  3N N -2   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
18 ♠T5
9873
Q64
♣K854
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠J7
KQJ42
9
♣97632
♠KQ4
AT65
AJ3
♣AJT
♠A98632
-
KT8752
♣Q
5
719
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3 1♠  ♣2 ♥2 NT3
EW: 5/4♣ 5 4/1NT  ♦3 ♠5
LoTT: 20 - 18 = +2
Par: -450 5-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  250          5.00   0.00  2 E -5   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
   50          4.00   1.00  4 E -1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
        400    3.00   2.00  3N E      D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
        420    1.00   4.00  4 W      D2-Downard-Lilly vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
        420    1.00   4.00  4 W      D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
        420    1.00   4.00  4 W      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D6-Cline-Cline
19 ♠A2
Q4
AJ32
♣KT863
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠QJT
J972
K864
♣42
♠K9654
AT3
T7
♣A97
♠873
K865
Q95
♣QJ5
14
711
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 2 1NT  ♥6 ♠5
EW: 1♠  ♣4 ♦4 ♥6 NT5
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +110 3♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  130          4.50   0.50  4♣ N      D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
  130          4.50   0.50  3♣ N +1   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D6-Cline-Cline
  100          3.00   2.00  3♠ E -1   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
         50    1.00   4.00  2N S -1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
         50    1.00   4.00  3 N -1   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
         50    1.00   4.00  2 N -1   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
20 ♠J9752
Q
A9853
♣A7
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠Q43
732
KJ7
♣KJ86
♠KT86
AKJ
QT4
♣543
♠A
T98654
62
♣QT92
11
1013
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣5 ♦6 ♠5 NT4
EW: 1♣ 2♠ 3NT  ♦6 ♥6
LoTT: 15 - 14 = +1
Par: -600 3NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          5.00   0.00  3♣ E -3   D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
  110          4.00   1.00  3 N      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D6-Cline-Cline
  100          3.00   2.00  2 E -1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
        100    2.00   3.00  3 S -1   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
        150    1.00   4.00  1N W +2   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
        200    0.00   5.00  3 N -2   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
21 ♠AJ8
AJ3
AJ865
♣84
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠6
KQ982
73
♣A9762
♠K9742
764
Q9
♣KJT
♠QT53
T5
KT42
♣Q53
15
99
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3 2♠ 1NT  ♣5 ♥5
EW: 2♣ 2  ♦4 ♠5 NT4
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: +100 3*-EW/3♣*-EW-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          5.00   0.00  4♣* W -2  D2-Downard-Lilly vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
  130          4.00   1.00  2 N +2   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
  120          3.00   2.00  1N N +1   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
  110          1.50   3.50  3 N      D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
  110          1.50   3.50  2 N +1   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
         90    0.00   5.00  2♣ W      D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D6-Cline-Cline
22 ♠AK93
93
93
♣AKT82
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠4
KQ4
JT8542
♣J75
♠J8762
82
AKQ6
♣94
♠QT5
AJT765
7
♣Q63
14
710
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 4 3♠ 1NT  ♦4
EW: 3  ♣2 ♥3 ♠4 NT3
LoTT: 19 - 18 = +1
Par: +420 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  450          5.00   0.00  4 S +1   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
  420          3.00   2.00  4 S      D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
  420          3.00   2.00  4 S      D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
  420          3.00   2.00  4 S      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
  200          1.00   4.00  2 S +3   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D6-Cline-Cline
  170          0.00   5.00  2 S +2   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
23 ♠AJT
KJT973
-
♣QT76
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠632
852
Q872
♣KJ3
♠K97
Q6
KT63
♣A954
♠Q854
A4
AJ954
♣82
11
612
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 1 4 4♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣4/5 ♦6 ♥3 ♠3 NT3
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +620 4♠-NS/4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  620          4.50   0.50  4 N      D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller
  620          4.50   0.50  4 N      D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
  180          3.00   2.00  1N N +3   D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
  170          2.00   3.00  3 N +1   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
        100    0.50   4.50  4 N -1   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
        100    0.50   4.50  4 N -1   D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D6-Cline-Cline
24 ♠A72
T632
T8432
♣A
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠Q8
J875
AKQJ
♣854
♠JT9
Q94
975
♣QJ63
♠K6543
AK
6
♣KT972
8
136
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 2 1 5♠ 2NT
EW:  ♣4 ♦4 ♥5 ♠2 NT5
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: +450 5♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          4.50   0.50  2♠ S +3   D1-Glenn-McAdams vs D2-Saltis-Pemberton
  200          4.50   0.50  2♠ S +3   D6-Feldman-Gaynor vs D5-Jarboe-Miller
  140          3.00   2.00  3♠ S      D3-Van Valin-Van Valin vs D6-Cline-Cline
   90          2.00   3.00  2♣ S      D4-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Wagner-Wagner
         50    1.00   4.00  2 N -1   D2-Downard-Lilly vs D4-Conn-Shaffer
         90    0.00   5.00  1N E      D5-Smith-Ellenberger vs D3-Graham-Rockefeller