- Monday Aft - December 31, 2018

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Field strength:  Mean: 880 MP  Geomean: 626 MP
(based on 22 players, 2 non ACBL players ignored)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Alan Greenberg - Valerie Greenberg 63.83 1st A 0.60
Elaine McAdams - Irene Petroff 61.00 2nd A 0.42
Joan Glenn - Ritter Nan 57.83 1st A 0.60
Arline Benzien - JoAnn Bowen 56.92 2nd A 0.42
Anne Conn - Marilyn Waples 49.08 1st B 0.16
Don David Wilson - Joseph Gaynor 46.67 1st B 0.24
EVENT>Monday                   |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> Z N-S
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>December 31, 2018  |CLUB NO.>127100    | 12/31/2018 16:09
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Dick            |RATING>Club Masterpoint (100%, 80%, 70% Open)|MOVEMENT>MITCHELL
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/500/200   |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=3/C=1                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Joan Glenn             Ritter Nan               A    1     .     .     69.40  57.83  0.60(A)
 2 Marie Offerman          Elaine                  C    .     .     .     53.40  44.50
 3 JoAnn Bowen            Arline Benzien           A    2     .     .     68.30  56.92  0.42(A)
 4 Sally Van Valin        Gary Van Valin           B    .     .     .     49.30  41.08
 5 Don David Wilson       Joseph Gaynor            B    .     1     .     56.00  46.67  0.24(B)
 6 Judy Kupperman         Carol Hayhurst           A    .     .     .     63.60  53.00
                                          Totals                         360.00

EVENT>Monday                   |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> Z E-W
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/500/200   |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=2/C=0                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Marilyn Waples         Anne Conn                B    .     1     .     58.90  49.08  0.16(B)
 2 Mike Gaddis Jr         Louise Shaffer           A    .     .     .     41.70  34.75
 3 Elaine McAdams         Irene Petroff            A    2     .     .     73.20  61.00  0.42(A)
 4 Buki Burke             Ron Saltis               A    .     .     .     54.60  45.50
 5 Richard Wagner         Gwen Wagner              B    .     .     .     55.00  45.83
 6 Alan Greenberg         Valerie Greenberg        A    1     .     .     76.60  63.83  0.60(A)
                                          Totals                         360.00

Hands and Results
1 ♠T763
-
KQJT43
♣832
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠KJ542
5
62
♣AQT65
♠-
KQJ87642
A875
♣K
♠AQ98
AT93
9
♣J974
6
1013
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2/1 1♠  ♣6 ♥3 NT4
EW: 1♣ 4 2NT  ♦5 ♠6
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -420 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          5.00   0.00  5* E -2  Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
  200          4.00   1.00  4♠ W -4   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
   50          2.00   3.00  4 E -1   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z1-Waples-Conn
   50          2.00   3.00  4 E -1   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
   50          2.00   3.00  4 E -1   Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        450    0.00   5.00  4 E +1   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

North and East ends the auction with 4. South may be tempted to double, leading her singleton diamond. East wins the Ace, overtakes the K and pitches a diamond on the Q. That leaves two diamond losers and, unfortunately, two trump losers. Them's the breaks.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 14All pass

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1-2, 4, 7, and 9.

The Bidding: In his "Better Preempts IV: Preempts by Seat Position (part 1)" article, Andrew Gumperz recommends agreeing to preempt aggressively in 1st seat. Here, North's hand has great spade support. An aggressive 3 preempt makes it difficult to find a spade fit. Opening a Weak Two Diamonds to leave room for South to introduce their spade suit seems best. East's jump to 4 isn't preemptive. It shows an expectation to make 4. South and West have nothing to say. East's 4 jump overcall ends the auction.

The Play: South leads their singleton 9. South has 2 trump tricks. So they are not particularly looking for a ruff. Leading partner's suit is likely to be safe. Declarer expects the 9 to be a singleton. So declarer take their Ace. Declarer has 10 tricks if hearts break 2-2. A 3-1 break would be a problem if North has the singleton Ace. North could give South a Trump Promotion . If South has 4 hearts and just a singleton diamond, South will have trouble getting out of their hand.

Declarer cashes the King to unblock the suit and exits a high heart. Declarer learns of the bad trump break. As expected, South is out of diamonds. South doesn't want to lead a black suit. So South exits a high heart. Declarer wins cashes any remaining heart honors and throws South in with a heart. Now South is end played and must give declarer access to the board to make their contract.



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2 ♠KQJ64
Q5
J4
♣JT64
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠A975
86
A73
♣A952
♠T
JT9742
KT865
♣8
♠832
AK3
Q92
♣KQ73
10
124
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 2♠ 1NT  ♦4 ♥4
EW: 3 3  ♣4 ♠4 NT5
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  600          5.00   0.00  3N S      Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z1-Waples-Conn
  150          4.00   1.00  1 E -3   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        100    2.50   2.50  3N S -1   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        100    2.50   2.50  3♣ S -1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        140    1.00   4.00  2 E +1   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        500    0.00   5.00  3♣* S -2  Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z4-Burke-Saltis

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

South opens 1. West passes, not wanting to overcall that weak four card spade suit, nor to double with only two hearts. North bids 1. Will East decide to get frisky with this stellar distribution, not vul vs. vul opponents? It would pay off this time, but most will go quietly and allow N-S to play their spade partial.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  Pass1
Pass11NT1Dbl2
222NT3Pass
3All pass  
  1. length in the unbid suits
  2. 3-card spade support
  3. extra heart length

The Bidding: East's weak hearts make preempting less attractive. East's 6-5 shape and the favorable vulnerability may motivate aggressive preempters to open an undisciplined Weak Two Hearts . At tables where East reasonably passes as dealer, South opens 1. West doesn't have the shape to act. North responds 1. East's 1NT overcall is unusual, showing length in the unbid suits. South has a choice between rebidding 1NT or making a Support Double . 1NT has the upside of limiting South's hand and showing stoppers in the red suits. The downside is South will not know whether to bid 2 if East-West compete in a red suit. South makes a Support Double to avoid that guess. West has no game interest opposite a passed hand. So there is no need to cue bid. West competes to 2.

North's 12 Support Points are inflated by the red suit honor doubletons. Ruffs in the long hand don't typically create additional tricks. It isn't clear either red suit honor is carrying its full weight. Jumping to 3 to invite game seems like an overbid. North prefers competing to 2.

Given West's 2 Free Bid , East expects their partnership to have 8+ diamonds. North-South have at least a 7-card spade fit, likely 8+. East has no desire to defend 2. Grant Baze advised "6-5 come alive" . Most will reasonably compete to 3. Since East will likely be tapped in the black suits, extra trump length is an asset. So East should bid 2NT to suggest longer hearts. Now West can find 3.

South isn't eager to compete to the 3-level. North expects their partnership to have the majority of the high cards. East has few cards in the black suits. With no Aces, East isn't confident their high cards will provide many tricks on defense. North knows their partnership has an 8-card spade fit. East-West likely have have 8+ card diamond fit. The Law of Total Tricks suggests 16 tricks will be available between a North-South contract and an East-West contract. East's shape and North's slow tricks suggest East-West are likely to take the majority of those tricks. Making a Balance of Power double risks a -530 score. Competing to 3 wins when it makes or when it goes down less than a making East-West partial. It isn't likely East-West penalize 3 given North-South's high cards. 3 loses when it goes for more than East-West's partial or when both contracts go down. North's hand is defensively oriented. Defending 3 (or 3) seems best.

The Play in 3: With just 5 trumps in the long hand, trump control is precarious. As declarer leads hearts to establish heart winners, the defense will tap declarer in a black suit. After ruffing twice, East has just 3 trump. On the 3rd round of hearts, declarer isn't eager to have West ruff. The risk of an overruff and losing control of the hand is too great. West should discard their last card in the tapped black suit. This allows declarer to retain control of the hand. The defense can longer profitably continue the tap. Declarer wins the return, ruffing in West's hand if the tap suit is continued. Declarer draws 2 round of trump ending in East's hand. Now declarer leads their heart winners. The defense gets their master trump and nothing else. Declarer has 9 tricks.

The Play in 3: The defense has 3 trump tricks. The diamond suit is frozen. The defense will score a diamond trick if they don't break diamonds. Trump length and the black suit Aces give declarer time to setup their diamonds and score 9 tricks: 1 + 3 + 4 + 1.

The Play in 3: East leads their singleton club. West wins their Ace and returns the 2, Suit Preference for diamonds. East has no more trump. So they cannot ruff a club continuation. To avoid a defensive error. East cashes their King and continues diamonds. West wins their Ace. Declarer repeats lobbing finesses towards their spade honors to limit spade losers to 1. 3 is down 1.



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3 ♠A92
Q964
32
♣J943
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠KQ8
J52
Q65
♣KQT5
♠JT3
AKT8
A84
♣A76
♠7654
73
KJT97
♣82
7
1316
4
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣3 ♦4 ♥2 ♠3 NT2
EW: 4♣ 3 5 4♠ 5NT
LoTT: 15 - 14 = +1
Par: -660 5NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        630    3.50   1.50  3N W +1   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        630    3.50   1.50  3N W +1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        630    3.50   1.50  3N W +1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        630    3.50   1.50  3N W +1   Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        660    1.00   4.00  3N W +2   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        690    0.00   5.00  3N E +3   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

West opens 1 and will find himself quite soon playing 3NT. North's low heart lead costs him nothing; it's natural to finesse North for the Q. 11 tricks are on hand when a low lead toward the Q finds South (as hoped) in possession of the K. Now, a club lead does cost the defense a trick; fourth best leads from Jack-high suits are an act of desperation.



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4 ♠AJ3
T9
T532
♣Q543
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠KQ8764
KQJ632
-
♣8
♠T
A74
AKQ94
♣J962
♠952
85
J876
♣AKT7
7
1114
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5 ♦6 ♥1 ♠2 NT4
EW: 1♣ 1 5 4♠ 2NT
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -650 5-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        600    5.00   0.00  3N E      Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        620    4.00   1.00  4 W      Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        650    1.50   3.50  5 W      Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        650    1.50   3.50  5 W      Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        650    1.50   3.50  5 W      Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        650    1.50   3.50  4 W +1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

A likely auction: 1--2; 2--2NT (or 3); 4. North will find it natural to lead clubs, the unbid suit. If he doesn't, that winner will "go away" on diamonds pretty quickly! Declarermust knock out the A before drawing trump or make only 10 tricks.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
1Pass2Pass
2Pass3Pass
3Pass4All pass

The Bidding: 6-6 hands are very rare. There is just a 0.07% chance you will pickup a 6-6 hand on a given board. After West opens 1, East's 2 response is a Two Over One Game Force . If playing a 2 response as a Game Force with clubs or a balanced Game Force, East's 2 response shows 5+ diamonds. West 2 rebid shows 4+ hearts. 4th Suit Forcing is not needed in a game forcing auction. So East's 3 rebid is ostensibly natural. West's 3 rebid shows 5+ hearts. East knows West has at most 3 cards in the minors. East's AKQ can cover those losers, but the defense will be inclined to lead a club. East offers 4 as the final contract. West, with just 1 key-card and a void in partner's suit, isn't inclined to look for a slam.

The Play: The auction suggests East is short in spades. So North may wish to lead a heart to reduce ruffing power in hopes of scoring 2 spade tricks. North expects West to have 3 or less cards in the minors. North's weak 4-card diamond suit suggest diamonds will set up quickly for declarer. It may be necessary to make an attacking lead to try score club tricks.

A club lead or the Ace lead and a club switch is needed to hold declarer to 11 tricks. On any other lead, declarer will discard their club loser and score 12 tricks.



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5 ♠J753
Q85
983
♣Q52
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠AK6
A642
QT4
♣943
♠QT94
JT97
J76
♣KJ
♠82
K3
AK52
♣AT876
5
138
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣  ♦6 ♥4 ♠5 NT5
EW: 3 2♠  ♣5 ♦6 NT6
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        110    3.50   1.50  2 W      Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        110    3.50   1.50  2 E      Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        110    3.50   1.50  2 E      Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        110    3.50   1.50  1 E +1   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        140    0.50   4.50  3 E      Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        140    0.50   4.50  2 E +1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z1-Waples-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

Some will open 1 with the South hand to avoid rebid problems; others will make the usual choice of 1. Either way, West doubles and North may pass with a clear conscience. East bids hearts and the auction is over. Be hopeful and play North for the Q to take 9 tricks.



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6 ♠JT3
53
KQT5
♣J742
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠6542
J986
76
♣KT8
♠K8
KQ742
A932
♣93
♠AQ97
AT
J84
♣AQ65
7
412
17
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 3 3♠ 2NT  ♥5
EW: 2  ♣2 ♦3 ♠4 NT4
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: +140 3♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          5.00   0.00  3 N +2   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
  140          4.00   1.00  2♠ N +1   Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
  120          3.00   2.00  2N N      Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z1-Waples-Conn
   90          1.50   3.50  1N S      Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
   90          1.50   3.50  1N S      Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        100    0.00   5.00  3N N -2   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z4-Burke-Saltis

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

East opens 1 and South doubles. An aggressive West will make a preemptive raise to 3. That's tough for North, who has some points but not four spades. If it passes back to South, South may well double again with so many HCP. Which suit will North chose? He's unlikely to pass this double.



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7 ♠JT
QT5
A87632
♣T8
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠652
J7
QT94
♣A642
♠AK843
K642
-
♣9753
♠Q97
A983
KJ5
♣KQJ
7
710
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 2/1 1NT  ♣5 ♠6
EW: 1♣ 1♠  ♦5 ♥5 NT6
LoTT: 15 - 17 = -2
Par: +110 2-S
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  600          5.00   0.00  3N S      Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
  200          4.00   1.00  3♠ E -2   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
   90          3.00   2.00  1N S      Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        100    2.00   3.00  3 N -1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        200    1.00   4.00  3N S -2   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        400    0.00   5.00  4♣ S -4   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

South opens 1, rebidding 2NT over North's 1 response even if West doubles for the majors or bids 1. No one is going to be happy at the three level or higher, but the distribution makes it likely that those heights will be achieved.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   1NT
PassPass21Pass
PassDblPass3
Pass3All pass 
  1. majors

The Bidding: After South opens a strong notrump, North has a choice between passing or using their method to sign off in 3. North's diamond texture is poor. North has Queens, Jacks, and Tens outside of diamonds. Passing 1NT is clear. East's hand and Mel's Rule of 2 tell East to balance. East uses their partnership's method to show both majors. West shows their preference for spades.

North has little desire to defend 2. It is common to play Negative Doubles over notrump interference. A takeout oriented double shows the values to compete to 2NT, willingness to defend 2 if South converts the double, and advertises support for the unbid suits. Here, North has just 2 clubs. So North would need to pull 3 to 3. Doubling is risky. 2 doubled might make. 3 may go down when 2 was going down. Passing is also risky. If playing a 15-17 HCP 1NT range, North knows their partnership has 22-24 HCP. Allowing East-West to play at the 2-level undoubled requires a 2 trick set to beat 1NT making. If 8 tricks are available in notrump, a 3 trick set is needed. North isn't willing to defend for 50 a trick. Doubling seems best because it allows for the possibility South will convert the double for penalty.

South expects East-West to have an 8-card spade fit. South isn't eager to bid 3 knowing hearts are breaking badly. Bidding 2NT isn't attractive with a questionable spade stopper. Bidding 3 or 3 risks playing in a 4-3 (possibly 3-3) fit. With slow cards in the minors and just 3 spades, South isn't eager to convert the double for penalty. South prefers bidding 3. North converts to 3, ending the auction.

The Play in 2: With clubs and spades breaking 3-2, declarer has 7 tricks: 4 + 1 ruff + 2. Without defensive help, declarer cannot establish an 8th trick in hearts or diamonds.

The Play in 3: The bad diamond break allows the defense to score 2 trump tricks. Declarer has 2 quick spade losers and a club loser. The heart suit is frozen. So the defense cannot break hearts profitably. Declarer's black suit texture allow declarer to establish a club winner and a spade winner to discard heart losers. Declarer scores 8 tricks: 1 + 1 + 4 + 2.



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8 ♠43
A72
Q9
♣KT6532
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠K987
Q854
J
♣AJ74
♠AJ65
93
AK54
♣Q98
♠QT2
KJT6
T87632
♣-
9
1114
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣4 ♥6 ♠4 NT5
EW: 2♣ 3♠ 1NT  ♦6/5 ♥6
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -140 3♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          4.00   1.00  3N E -1   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
   50          4.00   1.00  4♠ E -1   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
   50          4.00   1.00  3♠ W -1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        140    2.00   3.00  3♠ E      Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        150    1.00   4.00  2N W +1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        200    0.00   5.00  3♣ S -4   Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

East opens 1 and will end up at least at the three level in spades, and no one could blame E-W for bidding the spade game: who wants to settle for +170 if +420 has a chance? But everything is wrong-sided. Note how much better this hand would play if the North and South holdings were reversed. No beating up on oneself for going set on this one.



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9 ♠Q987432
75
65
♣KJ
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠A6
AKJT932
3
♣T42
♠KJ5
Q8
KQJT8
♣A53
♠T
64
A9742
♣Q9876
6
1216
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦3 ♥0 ♠6 NT1
EW: 3♣ 3 5 1♠ 5NT
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -660 5NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        680    4.50   0.50  5 W +1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        680    4.50   0.50  4 W +2   Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        690    3.00   2.00  3N E +3   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        710    2.00   3.00  4 W +3   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
       1430    0.50   4.50  6 W      Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
       1430    0.50   4.50  6 E      Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

It's the rare North who will preempt with this poor suit, but even that won't stop E-W from bidding their heart game. Without an early club lead, there's time to knock out the A and generate several pitches for losers in the West hand.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 33NTPass
41Pass4Pass
4NTPass52Pass
6All pass  
  1. 5+ hearts
  2. 1 or 4 key cards for hearts

The Bidding: North's suit quality and 7-2-2-2 distribution are less than desirable for a preempt. However, as Andrew Gumperz discusses in his "Better Preempts II: Vulnerability" article, aggressive preempting is winning bridge at favorable vulnerability. After North preempts 3, East pauses the mandatory 10 seconds. With spade well stopped and a source of tricks, East overcalls 3NT. South has nothing to say.

West, with 8 winners if hearts cooperate, is too strong to pass 3NT or signoff at 4. It is common to play Stayman and Jacoby Transfer s when responding to a 3NT overcall. If a Texas Transfer was available, a Jacoby Transfer followed by 4NT would be Quantitative . A Texas Transfer followed by 4NT would be Roman Keycard . Here, one of those meanings has to go. Since a direct 4NT response would be Quantitative, it is best to use a transfer followed by 4NT as key card for hearts. There is some risk of 2 quick club losers. So West could transfer to hearts and then cue bid their spade control. This would give North the opportunity to discourage a spade lead. Asking for key cards seems best. When East show 1 key card, West can ask for theQueen. With 7 hearts, West would want to be in slam opposite 3 small hearts. Bidding 6 seems best.

The Play: South is likely to lead their singleton spade. This gives declarer time to draw trump knock out the Ace and discard their club losers. It takes a club lead to beat 6.



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10 ♠Q87654
86
K97
♣A2
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠AT3
JT3
8543
♣T75
♠K2
Q97
QJT62
♣K83
♠J9
AK542
A
♣QJ964
9
511
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 1 3 4♠ 2NT
EW:  ♣2 ♦6 ♥3 ♠3 NT4
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: +620 4♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  650          5.00   0.00  4♠ N +1   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
  170          3.50   1.50  3♠ N +1   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z1-Waples-Conn
  170          3.50   1.50  2♠ N +2   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
  140          1.50   3.50  2♠ N +1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
  140          1.50   3.50  1 S +2   Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        100    0.00   5.00  3N N -1   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

South opens 1 and North responds 1. East, a passed hand, may bid 2 and South will tell her story with 3. Now North has a dilemma--take a preference for hearts or repeat the spades with this poor suit. It's not easy (is it supposed to be easy?). No one is likely to bid game.



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11 ♠AT73
8
KJT9762
♣4
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠K94
Q943
Q43
♣T85
♠6
AK65
A8
♣AKQJ97
♠QJ852
JT72
5
♣632
8
721
4
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 2♠  ♣2 ♥2 NT2
EW: 4/5♣ 4/5 2/5NT  ♦5 ♠3
LoTT: 19 - 18 = +1
Par: -460 5NT-W
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          3.50   1.50  5♣ E -1   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
   50          3.50   1.50  5♣ E -1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
   50          3.50   1.50  5♣ E -1   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
   50          3.50   1.50  5♣ E -1   Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        130    1.00   4.00  4♣ E      Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        460    0.00   5.00  3N W +2   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

North opens 3, a great irritant to East. But East is more than strong enough to double and then bid her clubs if West responds in spades. This time West bids hearts, though, and East is delighted to bid the heart game. What will North lead? If it's the club, declarer should read it as a singleton, win the trick and set out to draw trump.



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12 ♠QJT95
A942
J5
♣63
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠32
JT3
QT9842
♣K5
♠AK8
KQ6
AK7
♣QT74
♠764
875
63
♣AJ982
8
621
5
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦2 ♥5 ♠6 NT2
EW: 2♣ 5 2 1♠ 4NT
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -430 4NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        460    2.50   2.50  3N E +2   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        460    2.50   2.50  3N E +2   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        460    2.50   2.50  3N E +2   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        460    2.50   2.50  3N E +2   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        460    2.50   2.50  3N E +2   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        460    2.50   2.50  3N E +2   Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

East opens 2NT and will end up in the NT game. After a low club lead, declarer will knock out the A and enjoy the overtrick. If North is silly enough to lead the Q back instead of a club, he might even make two overtricks.



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13 ♠T4
Q832
A32
♣KQT6
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠A975
KT
QT74
♣852
♠8632
7654
KJ85
♣7
♠KQJ
AJ9
96
♣AJ943
11
94
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 3 3NT  ♦6 ♠6
EW: 1 1♠  ♣2 ♥3 NT4
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: +600 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  660          4.50   0.50  3N S +2   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
  660          4.50   0.50  3N S +2   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
  600          3.00   2.00  3N S      Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z1-Waples-Conn
  120          2.00   3.00  1N S +1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        100    1.00   4.00  4 N -1   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        200    0.00   5.00  4 N -2   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

South opens 1NT and will get to the NT game after North checks for a heart fit. Declarer will breathe a sigh of relief when diamonds are 4-4, since he has to lose the spade ace. Don't go after the hearts: if that finesse loses, you still have to lose the A for down one. Count your tricks and don't get too greedy.



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14 ♠62
Q43
J52
♣AK753
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠843
T6
AT9876
♣J2
♠AKJ97
AK8
4
♣T984
♠QT5
J9752
KQ3
♣Q6
10
515
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣5 ♦5 ♠4 NT6
EW: 2 3♠  ♣6 ♥6 NT6
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -140 3♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          4.00   1.00  4♠ E -1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
   50          4.00   1.00  4♠ E -1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
   50          4.00   1.00  3♠ E -1   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        140    1.50   3.50  3♠ E      Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        140    1.50   3.50  3♠ E      Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        170    0.00   5.00  3♠ E +1   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

East opens 1. West can justify a raise with two doubletons, and Ace and three little spades. There's no denying the preemptive value of a single major suit raise, especially when it's spades. South is unlikely to overcall this thready heart suit at the two level, nor will North want to ask partner to come in at the three level.



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15 ♠4
J8765
K9764
♣AJ
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠AK652
T2
3
♣KQ976
♠QJ7
A4
JT2
♣T5432
♠T983
KQ93
AQ85
♣8
9
128
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5 4  ♣2 ♠3 NT6
EW: 4♣ 3♠  ♦2 ♥2 NT6
LoTT: 21 - 19 = +2
Par: +300 5♠*-EW/6♣*-EW-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  750          5.00   0.00  5* S     Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
  150          4.00   1.00  3♠ W -3   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
   50          3.00   2.00  4♠ W -1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        140    2.00   3.00  3♠ W      Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        420    0.50   4.50  4♠ W      Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        420    0.50   4.50  4♠ W      Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

Even loving his shape, South will pass. West opens 1 and North just might bid 2 (5 hearts and five of a minor). East has a reasonable single spade raise, but nothing should deter South from bidding 4. Now E-W have to decide whether or not to sacrifice. It's easier to do so on this favorable vulnerability.



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16 ♠Q
KQJ8
Q753
♣JT85
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠K7
A9754
T982
♣K7
♠A862
6
AK6
♣AQ963
♠JT9543
T32
J4
♣42
11
1017
2
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣2 ♦3 ♥3 ♠4 NT3
EW: 4♣ 4 3 3♠ 3NT
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: -600 3NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        150    4.30   0.70  2N E +1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        150    4.30   0.70  2N E +1   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
  AVE   AVE    2.50   2.50            Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        600    1.90   3.10  3N W      Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        600    1.90   3.10  3N E      Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        630    0.10   4.90  3N W +1   Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z1-Waples-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

East opens 1, rebidding 1 over West's heart response. Now, with 10 HCP, West bids the Fourth Suit (2) and East can just bid 3NT. He has diamonds well stopped and can assume his partner has points and five hearts. South will reasonably lead either the J or (imaginatively) the J, but neither will deter East from getting nine tricks.



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17 ♠T762
85
Q9743
♣A3
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠A
KJT74
6
♣KJ9872
♠KJ54
A62
KT85
♣54
♠Q983
Q93
AJ2
♣QT6
6
1211
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣2/3 ♦6 ♥1/2 ♠6 NT4
EW: 4♣ 1 4 1♠ 3NT
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -420 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          5.00   0.00  4 W -1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        170    4.00   1.00  2 W +2   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        400    2.50   2.50  3N W      Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        400    2.50   2.50  3N E      Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        420    0.50   4.50  4 W      Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        420    0.50   4.50  4 W      Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z4-Burke-Saltis

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

South has a rational 1 opening light in third seat, but it won't stop E-W from finding their heart game. This time the defense would be happier if South had opened 1--also justifiable in third or fourth seat where some open their better minor when they are the same length.



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18 ♠Q7653
T
9852
♣A73
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠J2
5432
QJ
♣KJT85
♠T9
AKJ98
AKT74
♣6
♠AK84
Q76
63
♣Q942
6
815
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♠  ♣5 ♦4 ♥3 NT6
EW: 1♣ 3 3 1NT  ♠5
LoTT: 17 - 18 = -1
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  4 E -2   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z1-Waples-Conn
   50          4.00   1.00  4 E -1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        420    1.50   3.50  4 E      Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        420    1.50   3.50  4 E      Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        420    1.50   3.50  4 E      Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        420    1.50   3.50  4 E      Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis (For 299ers)

4 fails for E-W because of bad luck, since even the 3-1 split wouldn't hurt if North held the three. Rats! -100 should have lots of company. Unfortunately, a spade lead is pretty obvious for South, so there's little likelihood of using all those lovely diamond winners to shag spade losers.



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19 ♠863
AT97
AJ86
♣Q7
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠AK9
82
Q743
♣AT83
♠Q54
KQ654
K9
♣942
♠JT72
J3
T52
♣KJ65
11
1310
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5 ♦5 ♥4 ♠6 NT5
EW: 2♣ 1 3 1♠ 2NT
LoTT: 15 - 14 = +1
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  2N W -1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
         90    4.00   1.00  1N W      Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        110    3.00   2.00  2 E      Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        120    1.50   3.50  2N W      Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        120    1.50   3.50  1N W +1   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        150    0.00   5.00  1N E +2   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z1-Waples-Conn
20 ♠AQT73
2
KT53
♣Q84
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠4
J98643
QJ862
♣J
♠J982
AK
A9
♣AT963
♠K65
QT75
74
♣K752
11
516
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1/-♣ 1♠ 1NT  ♣7/6 ♦5 ♥3
EW: 1 3  ♣6 ♠5 NT6
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  500          5.00   0.00  5* W -2  Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
  300          4.00   1.00  3N E -3   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
  200          3.00   2.00  4 E -2   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
  110          2.00   3.00  2♠ N      Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        100    1.00   4.00  3♠ N -1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        200    0.00   5.00  3♠* N -1  Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
21 ♠QT9853
J973
K
♣K5
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠AJ7
Q6542
A5
♣A42
♠K64
AT8
QJ9763
♣Q
♠2
K
T842
♣JT98763
9
1512
4
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣6 ♦2 ♥1 ♠4 NT2
EW: 1♣ 5 5 3♠ 5NT
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -460 5NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          5.00   0.00  4 W -1   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        150    4.00   1.00  3 E +2   Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        420    3.00   2.00  4 W      Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        430    1.50   3.50  3N W +1   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        430    1.50   3.50  3N W +1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        450    0.00   5.00  4 W +1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
22 ♠K4
QT9
T7653
♣A75
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠QJ2
K854
Q8
♣K842
♠AT8
A2
AJ942
♣JT9
♠97653
J763
K
♣Q63
9
1114
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣2 ♦2 ♥3 ♠3 NT2
EW: 5♣ 5 4 3♠ 5NT
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: -660 5NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          5.00   0.00  3N E -2   Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        110    4.00   1.00  2 E +1   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        120    3.00   2.00  2N E      Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        600    2.00   3.00  3N W      Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        630    1.00   4.00  3N W +1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        660    0.00   5.00  3N E +2   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
23 ♠T964
J43
KQ
♣AQ54
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠-
QT5
AJ97432
♣983
♠AJ8732
76
T
♣JT76
♠KQ5
AK982
865
♣K2
12
76
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: -/1♣ -/1 2/3 2♠ 3NT
       ♣6/7 ♦6/7
EW:  ♣4 ♦6 ♥3 ♠5 NT3
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: +600 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
 1100          5.00   0.00  4♠* E -4  Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        100    3.00   2.00  4 S -1   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        100    3.00   2.00  4 S -1   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
        100    3.00   2.00  4 S -1   Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff
        200    1.00   4.00  4 S -2   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        300    0.00   5.00  3N S -3   Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z1-Waples-Conn
24 ♠AK743
KJ84
42
♣T5
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠QT2
A9
QT975
♣K83
♠J95
QT7
K8
♣AQ976
♠86
6532
AJ63
♣J42
11
1112
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣4 ♦4 ♠6 NT4
EW: 2♣ 2 2NT  ♥5 ♠6
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -120 2NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          4.50   0.50  3♣ E -1   Z2-Offerman-Elaine vs Z4-Burke-Saltis
   50          4.50   0.50  3♣ E -1   Z3-Bowen-Benzien vs Z6-Greenberg-Greenberg
        100    3.00   2.00  3♠ N -2   Z1-Glenn-Nan vs Z2-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        110    1.50   3.50  3 E      Z6-Kupperman-Hayhurst vs Z5-Wagner-Wagner
        110    1.50   3.50  3♣ E      Z4-Van Valin-Van Valin vs Z1-Waples-Conn
        120    0.00   5.00  2N E      Z5-Wilson-Gaynor vs Z3-McAdams-Petroff