- Monday Aft - April 15, 2019

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Field strength:  Mean: 820 MP  Geomean: 423 MP
(based on 23 players, 1 non ACBL player ignored)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Gary Feldman - Peggy Nielsen 60.58 1st A 0.60
Alan Greenberg - Valerie Greenberg 58.25 1st A 0.60
Anne Conn - Elaine McAdams 57.39 2nd A 0.42
Ginny Rockefeller - Joseph Gaynor 52.75 2nd A 0.42
EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> D N-S
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>April 15, 2019     |CLUB NO.>127100    | 04/15/2019 16:04
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Chris Gillmon   |RATING>Club Masterpoint (100%, 80%, 80% Open)|MOVEMENT>MITCHELL
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/1000/300  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=5/C=2                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Alan Greenberg         Valerie Greenberg        B    1     1     .     69.90  58.25  0.60(A)
 2 Joan Cathcart          Gwen Wagner              C    .     .     .     53.70  44.75
 3 Tee Downard            Joan Glenn               B    .     .     .     62.80  52.33
 4 Richard Wagner         Ruric Nye                C    .     .     .     46.96  39.13
 5 Ginny Rockefeller      Joseph Gaynor            B    2     2     .     63.30  52.75  0.42(A)
 6 Dick Zizic             John Eliason             A    .     .     .     62.80  52.33
                                          Totals                         359.46

EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> D E-W
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/1000/300  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=5/C=1                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Peggy Nielsen          Gary Feldman             B    1     1     .     72.70  60.58  0.60(A)
 2 Louise Shaffer         Nita Whaley              B    .     .     .     55.60  46.33
 3 Elaine McAdams         Anne Conn                B    2     2     .     68.87  57.39  0.42(A)
 4 Christopher Gillmon    Carol Lilly              C    .     .     .     56.30  46.92
 5 Irene Petroff          Mary Jane Graham         B    .     .     .     55.20  46.00
 6 Ilona Smith            Ken Ellenberger          A    .     .     .     51.70  43.08
                                          Totals                         360.37

Hands and Results
1 ♠52
K863
KJ83
♣AK6
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠AQT
QJ974
Q92
♣52
♠K9863
AT5
6
♣9873
♠J74
2
AT754
♣QJT4
14
117
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 4  ♥5 ♠5 NT5
EW: 2 2♠  ♣4 ♦3 NT4
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: +130 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  130          5.00   0.00  3 N +1   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
  110          4.00   1.00  3 N      D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D3-McAdams-Conn
         50    2.50   2.50  2N N -1   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
         50    2.50   2.50  4 N -1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        170    1.00   4.00  3♠ E +1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
        420    0.00   5.00  4♠ E      D3-Downard-Glenn vs D5-Petroff-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

When North opens 1, South's response will depend on their agreement--2 or 3 will be common. 3 has the virtue of keeping West out of the auction, and is likely to be the final contract. East leads a small spade and is pleasantly surprised to find out how well this works. If he leads a club rather than away from the K one of those spade winners might evaporate. The fact that the opponents aren't in NT and bid no majors should make the spade lead more attractive.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 112
3Pass3All pass

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1, 3, 5, 8, and 11.

The Bidding: After North opens 1, East's 1 overcall is somewhat obstructive. South has a choice between raising to 2 or cue bidding 2 to show an invitational or better diamond raise. Assuming North isn't 6-5, North will have 4 or less hearts. So East-West likely have a heart fit which they have not found yet. Cue bidding 2 is both constructive and obstructive. West, with 12 Support Points, cue bids 3 to show an invitational or better spade raise. At this point, East-West are committed to 3 or higher. East's 3 bid declines an invitational raise. The Law of Total Tricks advises North-South against competing to the 4-level. It isn't clear who has the majority of the strength. North-South have no reason to compete over 3 or to risk penalizing 3.

The Play in Spades: South is likely to lead their singleton heart. North recognizes there is no upside for playing the King. By ducking their King, North prevents declarer from enjoying dummy's long hearts. If declarer delays drawing trump, North-South can navigate defensive ruffs to hold declarer to 8 tricks. If North rises with their King, declarer scores 10 tricks: 5 + 5.

The Play in Diamonds: The "8 Ever, 9 Never" adage suggests declarer attempt to drop the Queen. East;s 1 overcall suggests East has 8 Vacant Spaces . West's spade raise suggests West has 10 Vacant Spaces. The makes finessing against West for the Queen a favorite. Declarer cashes the Ace as a Safety Play against a singleton Queen. When the finesse against the Queen succeeds, declarer has 10 tricks: 1 ruff + 5 + 4.



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2 ♠AT3
5
T965
♣AK865
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠J9852
6
Q872
♣Q32
♠Q764
AQJT2
AJ3
♣9
♠K
K98743
K4
♣JT74
11
514
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 1 2 2NT  ♠5
EW: 2♠  ♣2 ♦6 ♥5 NT4
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: +130 4♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          4.00   1.00  4♠ W -3   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D3-McAdams-Conn
  150          4.00   1.00  3♠ E -3   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
  150          4.00   1.00  3♣ N +2   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
  100          2.00   3.00  3♠ W -2   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        100    1.00   4.00  5♣ N -1   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
        200    0.00   5.00  1N S -2   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D5-Petroff-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1 and will raise West's 1 to 3 whether or not North gets into the bidding with 2 or even with a double. He has to be careful not to get over ambitious, though: 1 only promised 6 HCP, after all. Down one, undoubled, in 3 should be an excellent result.



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3 ♠QT97
864
875
♣T94
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠6
QJT
AKJ632
♣875
♠AK84
AK9752
-
♣A62
♠J532
3
QT94
♣KQJ3
2
1118
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦3 ♥0 ♠4 NT2
EW: 3♣ 4 7 2♠ 5NT
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -2210 7-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.50   0.50  6 E -1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
  100          4.50   0.50  6 E -1   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        660    2.50   2.50  4N W +1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        660    2.50   2.50  3N W +2   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D5-Petroff-Graham
        710    1.00   4.00  4 E +3   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
       1430    0.00   5.00  6 E      D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D3-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West may choose to open 2 (rather than 1 with spade shortness). East starts with a forcing 2 and is pleasantly surprised when partner raises to 3. This bidding must mean that West has few black cards, but it will still take a leap of optimism to bid slam when partner has started by bidding your void. Being solid down to the 9 makes it possible to ruff black losers and still be able to draw trump. Still, I don't think 6 will be common, let alone the grand.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   Pass
1Pass1Pass
2Pass21Pass
3Pass4NTPass
52Pass53Pass
64Pass6All pass
  1. artificial game force
  2. 1 or 4 key cards
  3. Queen ask
  4. Queen + King, no King

The Bidding: West's hand meets the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 for a 1st or 2nd seat opener. After West opens 1, East has the values for a strong jump shift. As Karen Walker explains in her "Strong Jump Shifts by Responder (Soloway Style)" article, it isn't advisable to use a strong jump shift with a 2 suited or 3 suited hand. So East begins with a 1 response. It is common to raise responder's major with 3-card support and shortness. As Steve Weinstein discusses in his "1m-1M: Now What?" article, rebidding your minor is preferable when your minor offers a source of tricks, "we are targeting 3NT and want to lead partner in that direction so we would rebid the minor."

After opener rebids their minor, it is important to have solid agreements to differentiate signoffs, invitational hands, and game forcing hands. My "Third Suit Forcing" article presents popular approaches. The easiest of which uses the cheapest new suit as an artificial Game Force . With that agreement, East's 2 bid is artificial and game forcing. West's 3 bid shows 3-card heart support. West has at most 4 cards in the black suits. East would like to learn about Queen. Since East has all the key cards outside of diamonds, there is no need for Exclusion . Would a jump to 4NT be Roman Keycard for hearts? That depends on what a 4NT bid would have been the previous round. Because it can sometimes be difficult for responder to set their suit as trump, some expert partnerships use a 2nd round jump to 4NT by responder to ask for key cards for responder's suit. If so, a 4NT jump now would be Quantitative . So East would need to cue bid and then ask for key cards.

For most partnerships, a 2nd round jump to 4NT would be Quantitative. So East can jump to 4NT now to ask for key cards for hearts. Playing 1430 responses, West's 4 bid shows 1 or 4 key cards. East knows it shows the Ace. East's 5 bid is a Queen Ask . West's 6 response shows the Queen and the King. It denies the the King and the King. With a reasonable trump break, East can count 11 quick winners: 2 + 6 + 2 + 1. East knows they can score at least 1 ruff in the short hand for their 12th trick. There are many ways 13 tricks might be available, but there is no room left to explore. 13 tricks is likely to be a favorite. A making slam in a club tends to score well. Bidding a grand risks the Matchpoints a small slam would earn for a few extra Matchpoints. So you would like a grand slam to be a strong favorite. Unless you need a top board, settling for 6 seems prudent.

The Play: Declarer has 5 quick winners in the side suits. Declarer has great heart texture. Declarer needs just 2 ruffs in the short hand to score all tricks. Even with a trump lead, the defense cannot prevent declarer from scoring all the tricks.



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4 ♠JT32
Q5
K
♣AQT754
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠AK876
A843
43
♣63
♠Q4
J92
QT765
♣KJ2
♠95
KT76
AJ982
♣98
12
119
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2/1♣ 1  ♥6 ♠5 NT6
EW: 1 1♠ 1NT  ♣5 ♦6
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: +90 2♣-S
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          5.00   0.00  2 W -3   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D3-McAdams-Conn
  200          4.00   1.00  4♠ W -2   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        100    3.00   2.00  3♣ N -1   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
        300    1.00   4.00  2N S -3   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D5-Petroff-Graham
        300    1.00   4.00  3 S -3   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        300    1.00   4.00  4♣ N -3   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

With three quick tricks and the majors, West opens 1. North overcalls 2 and will be surprised when the auction dies. East's club winners were off-side anyway, so having East ruff spades instead will be no problem. The difficulty will be getting to the dummy at all. This time, leading a low heart and putting in the 10 will work.



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5 ♠AT
Q98
AQ6
♣AKQ54
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠QJ9
AJ3
KJ9
♣J932
♠7643
KT7652
T8
♣6
♠K852
4
75432
♣T87
21
133
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5♣ 5 1♠ 1NT  ♥6
EW: 1  ♣2 ♦1 ♠5/6 NT4/6
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: +600 5-NS/5♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          5.00   0.00  4* E -2  D3-Downard-Glenn vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
  150          4.00   1.00  2N N +1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        100    2.50   2.50  2N N -1   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        100    2.50   2.50  2N N -1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D3-McAdams-Conn
        110    1.00   4.00  2 E      D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Petroff-Graham
        200    0.00   5.00  3N N -2   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 2NT. South may well just pass--and a heart lead will kill even eight tricks. With only three HCP there's not much South can do. My advice? Play it fast and get on to the next hand.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 2NTAll pass 

The Bidding: After North opens 2NT, East isn't eager to over with poor heart texture. South has a choice between looking for a major suit fit and passing. South's hand has potential. If a spade fit is available, 4 should have play. Lacking a spade fit, South's weak hand, poor texture, and lack of entries makes it likely a 3NT contract will fail. Using IMPs scoring the possibility of a vulnerable game makes a Stayman response attractive. In Matchpoints , the goal is to beat the score at other tables. Looking for a spade fit risks landing in a 3NT contract with poor prospects. Passing seems prudent at Matchpoints.

The Play: East has a choice between a spade lead which may be passive or an aggressive heart lead. At Matchpoints overtricks can be expensive. The downside of a heart lead is the risk of giving declarer a trick. The upside is the potential of running hearts. East's lack of entries decreases the likelihood of running East's long hearts. Many will reasonably choose a passive lead. Here, with clubs break 3-2, declarer has 8 quick winners on a spade lead. A 9th trick is available if declarer risks a finesse against the King. An aggressive lead is the winner here. A heart lead allows the defense to take the first 6 tricks.



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6 ♠A8
KJT8632
-
♣AQJ3
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠763
75
K8762
♣T98
♠KQT5
A
QJ953
♣K42
♠J942
Q94
AT4
♣765
15
315
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 4 2NT  ♦4 ♠6/5
EW: 3  ♣3 ♥2 ♠6 NT3
LoTT: 19 - 20 = -1
Par: +420 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  690          5.00   0.00  4* N +1  D3-Downard-Glenn vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
  450          3.00   2.00  4 N +1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
  450          3.00   2.00  4 N +1   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
  450          3.00   2.00  4 N +1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D3-McAdams-Conn
  420          1.00   4.00  4 N      D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Petroff-Graham
  170          0.00   5.00  2 N +2   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East's 1 may be passed around to North; few will choose to raise diamonds even preemptively with the flat West hand. North reopens with 3, which definitely is NOT weak. Even that may not be enough to get South to raise to game. It does well with a diamond lead--gets rid of the spade loser and allows the club finesse early.



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7 ♠KT82
K42
K97
♣942
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠J753
AJ963
Q85
♣3
♠AQ4
Q7
T6
♣AKJT85
♠96
T85
AJ432
♣Q76
9
816
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦6 ♥3 ♠5 NT5
EW: 3♣ 3 2♠ 1NT  ♦6
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          4.50   0.50  3N E -2   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
  200          4.50   0.50  4 W -2   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Petroff-Graham
  100          2.50   2.50  3N W -1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
  100          2.50   2.50  3♣ E -1   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
        140    1.00   4.00  3 W      D4-Wagner-Nye vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        170    0.00   5.00  3 W +1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D3-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East might open 3 in fourth seat--a decent opening hand and a good 6-7 card suit. The alternative is to open 1 and jump rebid them--but what if the opponents have found a spade fit by now? It won't happen this time, but is a legitimate worry. 3NT doesn't work because the Q is off-side.



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8 ♠K5
AJT985
J92
♣Q3
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠74
643
AQT73
♣A82
♠QJT962
Q2
K6
♣974
♠A83
K7
854
♣KJT65
11
108
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 1 3 1NT  ♠5
EW: 1♠  ♣4 ♦6 ♥4 NT5
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +140 3-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  420          5.00   0.00  4 N      D3-Downard-Glenn vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
  200          4.00   1.00  3 W -4   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
  170          3.00   2.00  3 N +1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
  140          2.00   3.00  3 N      D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Petroff-Graham
   50          0.50   4.50  3♠ E -1   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
   50          0.50   4.50  2♠ E -1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D3-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

I think North is a bit strong for 2, but an argument can certainly be made in favor of the more preemptive choice. That should stop West from bidding spades with only 8 HCP: once the opponents preempt, our bids show values. If West should balance, though, East might then try spades--and will be sorry if he were to be doubled. Truth to tell, though, doubles are unlikely, and -100 would be fine in a pair game.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
Pass2All pass 

The Bidding: After West passes as dealer, North has a choice between passing, opening 1, and opening a Weak Two Hearts . North's hand falls short of the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 for a 1st or 2nd seat opener. North's doubleton honors merit a downgrade. North's heart texture merits a bit of an upgrade. As Andrew Gumperz discusses in his "Better Preempts IV: Preempts by Seat Position (part 1)" article, a 2nd seat preempt should be more constructive because dealer's pass decreases the likelihood the opponents have a game. Opening a constructive weak 2 seems best.

In his Takeout Doubles over a Preempt lecture, Roger Lee advises "when we both have length, it is better to be a little conservative since we have losers in their suit." Here, East-West have mediocre hands with trump length. Neither is eager to compete. South doesn't expect a game to be available. The auction ends at 2.

The Play: The defense has 4 quick winners in the minors. Declarer has a potential heart loser. Cashing the King and finessing against West for the Queen offers almost a 40% chance of avoiding a heart loser. This line is preferable to a first round finesse against East for the Queen because it guards against losing to a singleton Queen. Declarer may try to increase chances by leading the Jack from their hand in hopes East will cover. East should have contemplated this play at trick 1 and planned to duck smoothly. Here, the book line loses to East's Queen and declarer scores just 8 tricks: 2 + 5 + 1.



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9 ♠J62
932
76542
♣J7
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠KQ97
T7
AKQ
♣Q643
♠85
KJ84
83
♣AKT52
♠AT43
AQ65
JT9
♣98
2
1611
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣3 ♦5 ♥3 ♠4 NT3
EW: 4♣ 2 3 3♠ 4NT
LoTT: 15 - 17 = -2
Par: -630 4NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  4 E -1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
        130    4.00   1.00  4♣ E      D3-Downard-Glenn vs D3-McAdams-Conn
        210    3.00   2.00  1N W +4   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D5-Petroff-Graham
        630    1.50   3.50  3N W +1   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        630    1.50   3.50  3N W +1   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        660    0.00   5.00  3N E +2   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South may open 1 in third seat, happy to pass if partner bids a major. Not this time: West overcalls 1NT, East tries Stayman, and E-W end up in 3NT. No one could blame North for leading a diamond, especially if South has opened in that suit. But diamonds and the black suits will being home plenty of tricks.



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10 ♠98762
AT83
T8
♣K3
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠J3
K752
QJ9642
♣4
♠KQ4
J96
A753
♣QJ5
♠AT5
Q4
K
♣AT98762
7
713
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 1♠  ♦4 ♥5 NT5
EW: 3 1 1NT  ♣4 ♠5
LoTT: 18 - 19 = -1
Par: -110 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
 1100          5.00   0.00  5* E -4  D4-Wagner-Nye vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
  200          4.00   1.00  4 E -2   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D5-Petroff-Graham
  110          3.00   2.00  2♠ N      D3-Downard-Glenn vs D3-McAdams-Conn
  100          2.00   3.00  4 W -1   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
        110    1.00   4.00  3 E      D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        200    0.00   5.00  5♣ S -2   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1. South overcalls 2. West is light for a Negative Double bit has plenty for a preemptive diamond raise. Partnership agreements will make a huge difference in the various auctions on this one. With ten trumps, East is likely to lose to that singleton K, however.



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11 ♠JT42
KQ842
8
♣KJ9
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠Q953
-
QJT765
♣Q86
♠A876
AJ95
43
♣752
♠K
T763
AK92
♣AT43
10
79
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 4 -/1♠ 2NT  ♦6 ♠6/7
EW:  ♣4 ♦6 ♥3 ♠5 NT4
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: +420 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  500          5.00   0.00  4* E -3  D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
  140          4.00   1.00  3 N      D3-Downard-Glenn vs D3-McAdams-Conn
         50    2.00   3.00  4 N -1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D5-Petroff-Graham
         50    2.00   3.00  4 N -1   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
         50    2.00   3.00  4 N -1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
        100    0.00   5.00  4 N -2   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1 and raises North's hearts. If North makes a game try, South will surely cooperate. Play takes a little care: lots of spades to ruff. Possibly it will be to get rid of the club loser on the K, ruff a club, and enjoy the fruits of the 3-3 split. What will East lead against a heart contract. Usually one want to lead a long suit rather than a short one when holding a trump stack, but the spades sure don't look promising. And East would have to lead the A if he chose that suit, not wanting to lead away from an Ace when not in NT.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   1
Pass1Pass2
Pass4All pass 

The Bidding: South opens 1 to ensure a comfortable rebid over a 1 response. Some partnerships use a 3-level cue bid overcall to show a hand with an unspecified long running suit and ask for a stopper in opener's suits. Over a minor suit opening, it is often preferable to use a jump cue bid as a natural preempt. Here, West's diamonds aren't good enough to preempt at the 3-level. West's hand has nice spade support. Passing is clear. North responds 1. South's 17 Support Points suggest jumping to 3. South's Losing Trick Count of 7 suggests a raise to 2. South's Support Points are inflated by their singleton King. A simple raise seems best.

North has a choice between bidding game and inviting game. North's 13 Support Points and LTC of 7 suggest bidding game. Ruffs in the long hand don't typically provide extra tricks. It isn't clear whether North's diamond shortness is valuable. North has good texture and 5th heart. North's hand is too good to go low. North's 4 bid ends the auction.

The Play: Declarer has 4 quick winners in the side suits. Declarer has a quick loser in spades and in hearts. Declarer wants to ruff spades in the short hand. When declarer leads a spade, East wins their Ace. If East leads their Ace to reduce ruffing power, declarer will have no trouble scoring 10 tricks. If East exits a low heart, declarer doesn't need to guess the Queen, they can score 10 tricks by cashing their quick winners, ruffing 2 spades, and forcing East to ruff the 13th club.

At tables where East chooses not to lead a trump when in with the Ace, declarer will wonder why. Even if declarer guesses East has all the hearts, they must still guess how to engineer an end play. Declarer must shorten their heart holding for the end play. Ruffing the 3rd round of diamonds allows East to score 3 heart tricks to set 4. Here, declarer must discard a club on a diamond winner and ruff the 3rd round of clubs to engineer the end play to make 4.



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12 ♠AJ9
QT6
J654
♣J93
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠K8
KJ87
9873
♣A74
♠QT7653
94
QT2
♣K5
♠42
A532
AK
♣QT862
9
117
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 1  ♦6 ♠4 NT5
EW: 1 2♠  ♣4 ♥5 NT6
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: +100 3♠*-EW-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          5.00   0.00  2N N +1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D5-Petroff-Graham
  100          4.00   1.00  3♠ E -2   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
   50          3.00   2.00  3♠ E -1   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        100    1.50   3.50  3 S -1   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
        100    1.50   3.50  3♣ S -1   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        300    0.00   5.00  1N N -3   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D3-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Unless East decides that his hand can make a third seat spade preempt, South will open 1. North answers 1NT rather than 2 with such a flat hand. Will East come in now? Maybe. But it's still a lousy suit. Knowing that E-W have at least an eight card spade fit, South may choose to rebid 2--much safer.



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13 ♠Q74
J9
A95
♣KJT54
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠J8
Q7542
KJ763
♣9
♠9632
AKT63
T
♣A76
♠AKT5
8
Q842
♣Q832
11
711
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3/4♣ 1♠  ♦5 ♥3 NT6
EW: 4  ♣3 ♦5 ♠4 NT6
LoTT: 20 - 19 = +1
Par: -200 5♣*-N-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  130          5.00   0.00  4♣ S      D4-Wagner-Nye vs D5-Petroff-Graham
    PASS       3.50   1.50  Pass Out  D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
    PASS       3.50   1.50  Pass Out  D3-Downard-Glenn vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
        620    1.00   4.00  4 E      D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
        620    1.00   4.00  4 E      D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        620    1.00   4.00  4 E      D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

With the points 11-11-11-7 around the table, will anyone open? An occasional East will open 1. An occasional South will open 1 if East passes. If East does open, West can justify 4 with his great shape, though he lacks a quick trick.



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14 ♠T4
AT5
AKQ862
♣Q5
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠Q972
Q
J9
♣AKJ763
♠AK83
K982
43
♣982
♠J65
J7643
T75
♣T4
15
1310
2
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 1  ♣3 ♠1 NT3
EW: 4♣ 4♠  ♦5 ♥6 NT6
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  5♠* E -1  D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
        130    3.50   1.50  4♣ W      D4-Wagner-Nye vs D5-Petroff-Graham
        130    3.50   1.50  3♣ W +1   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
        170    1.00   4.00  3♠ W +1   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        170    1.00   4.00  3♠ W +1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        170    1.00   4.00  2♠ E +2   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West will end up in the spade game, no matter how vigorously North competes with these great diamonds. It's hard to fly on one wing, though, and South won't be any help. North must be careful, if E-W seem to be faltering short of game, not to shove them into it.



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15 ♠T3
AT8752
A632
♣A
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠AK8
96
J94
♣98753
♠QJ2
K
KQ87
♣KQJT6
♠97654
QJ43
T5
♣42
12
817
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4 1♠ 2NT  ♣3 ♦5
EW: 3♣ 1  ♥3 ♠6 NT5
LoTT: 19 - 20 = -1
Par: +300 5♣*-EW-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  620          5.00   0.00  4 N      D3-Downard-Glenn vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
  300          4.00   1.00  5♣* E -2  D4-Wagner-Nye vs D5-Petroff-Graham
  170          3.00   2.00  3 N +1   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-McAdams-Conn
  100          2.00   3.00  5♣* E -1  D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        110    1.00   4.00  3♣ E      D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        150    0.00   5.00  3♣ E +2   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1. East doubles. If their agreement allows, South can now make a preemptive raise--a mighty pushy bid with so few points. West reluctantly bids clubs. How will it go from there? North has only 12 HCP, after all, and knows there's an opening hand or better over his left shoulder. Maybe the better part of valor is to let the opponents play their minor suit partial.



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16 ♠962
K8
T765
♣AQ85
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠A54
JT9654
K
♣K72
♠QT87
Q73
983
♣JT6
♠KJ3
A2
AQJ42
♣943
9
115
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4/5♣ 4/5 2♠ 4NT  ♥6
EW: 1  ♣2 ♦2 ♠5 NT2
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: +430 4NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          5.00   0.00  3 W -2   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
  130          2.50   2.50  4 S      D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
  130          2.50   2.50  3 S +1   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
  130          2.50   2.50  3 S +1   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
  130          2.50   2.50  2 S +2   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D5-Petroff-Graham
         50    0.00   5.00  3N S -1   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

At most tables, South will open 1NT in fourth seat--and should end up in the NT game. Nine tricks are more likely than 10: most will lose to the singleton K. The finesse is usual with only nine trumps. Get a spade trick by playing East for the Q.



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17 ♠AT4
QT53
5
♣KT642
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠KJ3
A74
KQT76
♣83
♠Q986
K982
A9432
♣-
♠752
J6
J8
♣AQJ975
9
139
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣  ♦1 ♥4 ♠3 NT6
EW: 6 3 4♠  ♣5 NT6
LoTT: 20 - 21 = -1
Par: -920 6-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
         50    5.00   0.00  3♣ S -1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        170    4.00   1.00  4 W +2   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D5-Petroff-Graham
        420    2.00   3.00  4♠ W      D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D3-McAdams-Conn
        420    2.00   3.00  5 W +1   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        420    2.00   3.00  5 E +1   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
        920    0.00   5.00  6 E      D4-Wagner-Nye vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

In third seat, South has an irksome 3 opener. West almost surely will double and most Easts will prefer the four card heart suit to the five card diamond suit in response to the double. Alas, the hearts are very uncooperative. If West happens just to overcall the diamonds, E-W will easily get to their diamond game. But I wouldn't fault any West who doubled.



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18 ♠K76
9
9654
♣JT832
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠QJ9
QJT3
AQJ8
♣54
♠AT842
K52
T
♣KQ96
♠53
A8764
K732
♣A7
4
1312
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦5 ♥3 ♠2 NT2
EW: 2♣ 1 4 3♠ 5NT
LoTT: 14 - 16 = -2
Par: -460 5NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  4♠ E -2   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
   50          4.00   1.00  4♠ E -1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D3-McAdams-Conn
        420    2.50   2.50  4♠ E      D3-Downard-Glenn vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        420    2.50   2.50  4♠ E      D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        450    0.50   4.50  4♠ E +1   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D5-Petroff-Graham
        450    0.50   4.50  4♠ E +1   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1 and will end up in the spade game. If South were to lead the A, 4 would go down, but how likely is that defense? Leading unsupported Aces just isn't often wise--though it would work spectacularly well this time. In fact, I suspect 4 will make fairly often.



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19 ♠A764
KT85
A
♣AT75
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠J52
764
QT74
♣J42
♠KT8
Q2
K98652
♣K9
♠Q93
AJ93
J3
♣Q863
15
411
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5♣ 5 5♠ 2NT  ♦6
EW: 1  ♣2 ♥2 ♠2 NT4
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: +450 5♠-NS/5-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  590          5.00   0.00  4* S     D4-Wagner-Nye vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
  450          3.00   2.00  4 S +1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D3-McAdams-Conn
  450          3.00   2.00  4 S +1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
  450          3.00   2.00  4 S +1   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
  200          1.00   4.00  2 N +3   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D5-Petroff-Graham
  170          0.00   5.00  2 S +2   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
20 ♠JT65
AQ65
A63
♣J4
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠K82
KJT4
Q985
♣97
♠943
7
T72
♣QT8653
♠AQ7
9832
KJ4
♣AK2
12
92
17
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 3 5 3♠ 4NT
EW:  ♣6 ♦4 ♥2 ♠3 NT3
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: +650 5-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  680          5.00   0.00  4 S +2   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D3-McAdams-Conn
  660          4.00   1.00  3N S +2   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D5-Petroff-Graham
  630          2.00   3.00  3N S +1   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
  630          2.00   3.00  3N S +1   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
  630          2.00   3.00  3N S +1   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
  620          0.00   5.00  4 S      D3-Downard-Glenn vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
21 ♠Q642
Q872
9
♣9872
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠AJ93
T5
T84
♣QJ65
♠KT85
KJ96
K75
♣43
♠7
A43
AQJ632
♣AKT
4
810
18
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2/1♣ 2 2/1 1NT  ♠6
EW: 1♠  ♣5 ♦5 ♥5 NT5
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: +100 2♠*-EW-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          5.00   0.00  1 S +2   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D5-Petroff-Graham
  100          4.00   1.00  3♠ W -2   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
        100    2.50   2.50  3 S -1   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
        100    2.50   2.50  3 S -1   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        200    1.00   4.00  3N N -2   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
        300    0.00   5.00  5 S -3   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D3-McAdams-Conn
22 ♠AJ964
AJ63
J87
♣7
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠Q87
KT52
A5
♣QT32
♠K52
9
KT943
♣K964
♠T3
Q874
Q62
♣AJ85
11
119
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 1♠ -/1NT
       ♣4 ♦5 NT6/7
EW: 2/3♣ 1/2  ♥5 ♠6 NT6
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: -100 3*-NS-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  140          5.00   0.00  3 N      D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
  110          4.00   1.00  2 N      D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
   90          3.00   2.00  1N S      D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D5-Petroff-Graham
        100    2.00   3.00  2N S -2   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        110    1.00   4.00  2♣ E +1   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
        150    0.00   5.00  2N S -3   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D3-McAdams-Conn
23 ♠94
765
K963
♣Q874
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠AT86
A4
AQT
♣AKJ3
♠J52
KQJ93
742
♣T6
♠KQ73
T82
J85
♣952
5
227
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣2 ♦3 ♥2 ♠2 NT2
EW: 4♣ 4 5 5♠ 5NT
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: -660 5NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        630    4.90   0.10  3N W +1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
        650    3.70   1.30  4 E +1   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
        660    1.30   3.70  3N W +2   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
        660    1.30   3.70  3N W +2   D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D5-Petroff-Graham
        660    1.30   3.70  3N W +2   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
24 ♠86
AKQ2
QJ7
♣K852
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠JT93
T86
A32
♣AJ7
♠A542
753
965
♣Q63
♠KQ7
J94
KT84
♣T94
15
106
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 3 3 2♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣4 ♦4 ♥4 ♠5 NT4
LoTT: 14 - 15 = -1
Par: +400 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  400          5.00   0.00  3N S      D5-Rockefeller-Gaynor vs D5-Petroff-Graham
  180          4.00   1.00  2N N +2   D3-Downard-Glenn vs D6-Smith-Ellenberger
  150          2.00   3.00  2N N +1   D1-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D2-Shaffer-Whaley
  150          2.00   3.00  2N N +1   D2-Cathcart-Wagner vs D4-Gillmon-Lilly
  150          2.00   3.00  1N S +2   D6-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Nielsen-Feldman
         50    0.00   5.00  3N S -1   D4-Wagner-Nye vs D3-McAdams-Conn