- Monday Aft - May 13, 2019

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Field strength:  Mean: 1072 MP  Geomean: 574 MP
(based on 24 players)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Arline Benzien - JoAnn Bowen 68.75 1st A 0.60
Mike Pemberton - Ron Saltis 60.00 1st A 0.60
Carol Jarboe - Pat Shaw 59.58 2nd A 0.42
Arlene Broslow - Joseph Gaynor 52.50 2nd A 0.42
Alan Greenberg - Valerie Greenberg 50.42 2nd B 0.22
Louise Shaffer - Nita Whaley 47.92 2nd B 0.22
EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> D N-S
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>May 13, 2019       |CLUB NO.>127100    | 05/13/2019 15:53
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Chris Gillmon   |RATING>Club Masterpoint (100%, 80%, 80% Open)|MOVEMENT>MITCHELL
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/1000/300  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=4/C=1                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 JoAnn Bowen            Arline Benzien           A    1     .     .     82.50  68.75  0.60(A)
 2 Gwen Wagner            Richard Wagner           C    .     .     .     48.00  40.00
 3 Dick Zizic             John Eliason             A    .     .     .     58.50  48.75
 4 Irene Petroff          Ruric Nye                B    .     .     .     47.50  39.58
 5 Arlene Broslow         Joseph Gaynor            B    2     1     .     63.00  52.50  0.42(A)
 6 Alan Greenberg         Valerie Greenberg        B    .     2     .     60.50  50.42  0.22(B)
                                          Totals                         360.00

EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> D E-W
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/1000/300  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=4/C=2                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Carol Jarboe           Pat Shaw                 C    2     1     .     71.50  59.58  0.42(A)
 2 Ilona Smith            Ken Ellenberger          A    .     .     .     57.50  47.92
 3 Nita Whaley            Louise Shaffer           B    .     2     .     57.50  47.92  0.22(B)
 4 Mark Robbins           Deborah Triolo           C    .     .     .     56.00  46.67
 5 Ron Saltis             Mike Pemberton           A    1     .     .     72.00  60.00  0.60(A)
 6 Elaine McAdams         Anne Conn                B    .     .     .     45.50  37.92
                                          Totals                         360.00

Hands and Results
1 ♠K862
4
AK2
♣KT642
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠T53
T5
T9754
♣AJ7
♠Q7
AK9872
J3
♣Q95
♠AJ94
QJ63
Q86
♣83
13
512
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 2 1 5♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣3 ♦5 ♥6 ♠2 NT4
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: +450 5♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  420          5.00   0.00  4♠ N      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
  400          4.00   1.00  3N S      D4-Petroff-Nye vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
  300          3.00   2.00  2* E -2  D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  200          2.00   3.00  1♠ N +4   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
  170          1.00   4.00  2♠ N +2   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
         50    0.00   5.00  4♠ N -1   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D6-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

After North opens 1 and East overcalls 1, South starts with a Negative Double: If North doesn't have spades, South can now bid NT with his excellent heart stopper. N-S should get to game when N revalue his hand in light of the 4-4 fit.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 11Dbl
Pass3Pass4
All pass   

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1-2, 4, 9, and 11.

The Bidding: After North opens 1, East overcalls 1. South's Negative Double shows exactly 4 spades. With 5+ spades, South would have bid 1. West has nothing to say. North, with 16 Support Points for spades and a Losing Trick Count of 6, shows their spade fit and extra values with a jump to 3. South's 11 Support Points suggest bidding game. It isn't clear how valuable South's QJ63 are. South has 3 Cover Cards outside of hearts: the Ace, Queen, and the club doubleton. Raising to game is clear.

The Play: The friendly lie of the of cards allows declarer to score 11 tricks. Spades break 3-2 with the queen onside. The King is behind the ace. The 3-3 club break allows clubs to be established with a lobbing finesse towards the King and a ruff.



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2 ♠JT
KQJ986
T9652
♣-
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠732
732
KJ4
♣KQ92
♠KQ6
4
Q873
♣JT653
♠A9854
AT5
A
♣A874
7
98
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 6 6♠ 3NT  ♣6
EW: 1♣  ♦3 ♥1 ♠1 NT1
LoTT: 19 - 18 = +1
Par: +1400 7♣*-EW-6
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  680          4.00   1.00  4 N +2   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
  680          4.00   1.00  4 N +2   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
  680          4.00   1.00  4 N +2   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
  650          2.00   3.00  4 N +1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
  600          1.00   4.00  3N N      D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D6-McAdams-Conn
  230          0.00   5.00  3♠ S +3   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

No one will love the South hand--its four aces aren't nearly as beguiling as North's great distribution. Will North bid 2 with only seven HCP? 1NT is more likely. Then when South bids 2 and North now bids 2 (or an optimistic 3), South can revalue her hand and raise hearts or bid the heart game.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  Pass1
Pass1NTPass2
Pass2Pass41
Pass4All pass 
  1. 3-card heart support, short diamonds, slam try

The Bidding After South opens 1, North doesn't have the strength for a Two Over One Game Force and doesn't have spade support. So North responds 1NT. South's 2 rebid is wide ranging. South could have a minimum opener or could have just under a game forcing jump shift. As Larry Cohen discusses in his "1NT Forcing or Semi-Forcing" article, the ambiguity is exacerbated if playing 1NT Forcing because South might not have a real club suit. Here, North has 2-card spade support, but prefers to show their strong 6-card heart suit. South, with 19 Support Points for hearts has the strength to jump to 4. Since slam is possible, South prefers to make a slam try with a 4 Splinter bid showing diamond shortness. Because South didn't rebid 2, North knows the Splinter shows 3-card support.

North has great heart texture, a potentially useful spade doubleton, and a void in partner's 2nd suit. In his "Limit Bids: Evaluating Hands for Slams Part 3" article, Andrew Gumperz discusses how a trump fit with shortness in both hands allows slams to be made with fewer HCPs than typically needed. Here, North-South's Short Suit Total is 0 or 1. With a 6-3 heart fit, the benefit of South's diamond shortness is limited. Slam will depend on establishing black suit winners for diamond discards. The Jack-Ten doubleton may be helpful, but North's club void may make transportation difficult. North cannot have a hand like AKQxx Axx x KQxx, they would have jump shifted. Opposite AKxxxx Axx x AQxx, entries would be a problem. The 5-level isn't safe. If South's singleton is the Ace, South wouldn't be tapped immediately. So slam prospects improve. North isn't willing to risk the 5-level. There is no room for a Last Train slam try. North's 4 bid declines the slam invitation.

The Lead: North's 2 rebid shows long hearts and suggests short spades. A trump lead will reduce dummy's ruffing power, but may help declarer pickup West's trump holding. If North's heart suit is good, North might rebid 2 with a spade doubleton. In which case, dummy's spades will setup quickly. A diamond lead may allow the defense to tap dummy's trump and remove an entry to dummy's spades. Since South is strong they are likely to have side entries. Even if North has just a singleton spade, spades are likely to setup. It is a close choice, but a diamond lead seems best.

The Play; Without a diamond lead, slam prospects are good. Declarer runs the Jack and dummy's spade setup quickly. With a diamond lead, more luck is needed. A losing spade finesse would allow the defense to tap dummy. Declarer is fortunate the King-Queen are onside. When East is in with a spade, they tap dummy in diamonds. Now declarer must guess whether to play for a 2-2 heart break or hope West has the remaining trump in front of declarer. Here, playing for the 2-2 break provides 11 tricks. Declarer must force West to ruff in front of them to score 12 tricks. Dummy's Ace (or equivalent) provides an entry to dummy's good spades and draws West's last trump.



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3 ♠Q95
8532
Q64
♣A95
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠J76
QT7
J97
♣Q763
♠K832
J9
K853
♣K84
♠AT4
AK64
AT2
♣JT2
8
610
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 2 3 2♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣5 ♦5 ♥4 ♠5 NT4
LoTT: 14 - 15 = -1
Par: +400 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          4.50   0.50  2N S +1   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  150          4.50   0.50  2N S +1   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
  120          3.00   2.00  2N S      D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D6-McAdams-Conn
  110          2.00   3.00  2 S      D4-Petroff-Nye vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
         50    0.50   4.50  4 S -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
         50    0.50   4.50  4 S -1   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1NT. North bids Stayman and they find their heart fit. Unfortunately, this is the third of the time when NT takes as many tricks as trump--and that is nine, not 10. But many will be in the heart game. With a low club lead, play low from the dummy. When East wins with the K, play West for the missing Q and lose only one club trick. Unfortunately, neither spades nor diamonds is that cooperative.



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4 ♠QJT86
2
JT53
♣J93
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠A92
9654
AK842
♣T
♠K7
KT873
9
♣KQ852
♠543
AQJ
Q76
♣A764
5
1111
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5 ♦6 ♥3 ♠6 NT6
EW: 2♣ 1 4/3  ♠6 NT6
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: -620 4-E
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  500          5.00   0.00  5* E -2  D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D6-McAdams-Conn
  200          4.00   1.00  4* E -1  D4-Petroff-Nye vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
  100          1.50   3.50  4 E -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
  100          1.50   3.50  4 E -1   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
  100          1.50   3.50  4 E -1   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  100          1.50   3.50  4 E -1   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D4-Robbins-Triolo

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East will probably get to open 1 at many tables--unless is one who would open any hand with three quick tricks. Either way, the heart game played by East will be popular. Ironically, all the losers are in trump--but no one will call you Thursday night and ask how many trump tricks you lost on Board 4.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
1Pass1Pass
2Pass4All pass

The Bidding: West's hand meets the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 for a 1st or 2nd seat opener. With prime honors and no rebid problem, opening 1 is clear. After East responds 1, West's raise to 2 shows a minimum opener with heart support. As Steve Weinstein discusses in his "1m-1M: Now What?" article, it is often advisable for opener to raise with 3-card support with shortness or a small doubleton. Here, East doesn't need to check for 4-card support. East's 15 Support Points are inflated by shortness in partner's suit. It isn't clear whether shortness in partner's suit is beneficial. Ruffs in the long hand don't typically create extra tricks. East's 5-5 hand has nice honors in both suits. Bidding 4 is clear.

The Lead: South expects to beat 4 if East has the King. There is something to be said for leading the Ace, hoping to score 3 heart tricks. Aces are meant to take opposing honors. Leading the Ace may cost a trick. It isn't clear declarer's club losers will disappear if the Ace isn't led. A passive spade lead seems reasonable.

The Play: Declarer isn't eager to draw trump. Declarer wants to ruff 2 clubs. Declarer leads dummy's singleton club, South wins their Ace. When South doesn't lead a trump, declarer suspects South has a trump Tenace . If South holds AQ or AJ doubleton, the contract is safe as long as a club overruff is avoided. If South holds AQJ, an end play will be needed to score 10 tricks. An end play would require declarer to eliminate South's exit cards. If declarer misguesses the distribution, declarer could go down when hearts are 2-2. Most declarers will play for a 2-2 break and go down. Here, to score 10 tricks, declarer must eliminate South's exit cards, North cannot overruff the 4th round of clubs. Declarer can reach a 3-card ending with South holding AQJ. Ducking a heart into South's hand end plays South. If South doubles 4, declarer is more likely to find the winning line.



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5 ♠74
KQ85
AK864
♣J9
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠QJ83
T32
QJ73
♣QT
♠KT9652
J7
5
♣AK32
♠A
A964
T92
♣87654
13
811
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 4 5 4NT  ♠4
EW: 3♠  ♣4 ♦3 ♥2 NT3
LoTT: 20 - 18 = +2
Par: +300 5♠*-EW-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  620          4.50   0.50  4 S      D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
  620          4.50   0.50  4 N      D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
   50          2.50   2.50  4♠ E -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D6-McAdams-Conn
   50          2.50   2.50  4♠ E -1   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        140    1.00   4.00  3♠ E      D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
        170    0.00   5.00  3♠ E +1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

When North opens 1 and West overcalls 1, South can eke out a Negative Double . West raises spades--tactically a jump raise is a lot more of a blocking bid and might well stop North from bidding those hearts. A bonus? 3 actually makes with only four losers.



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6 ♠JT9
A763
T943
♣A7
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠A854
T84
KQ5
♣J84
♠K3
KJ95
82
♣KT965
♠Q762
Q2
AJ76
♣Q32
9
1010
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 1♠  ♣5 ♥5 NT6
EW: 2♣ 2/1 1NT  ♦6 ♠6
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -100 2♠*-NS-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  3N W -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D6-McAdams-Conn
    PASS       3.00   2.00  Pass Out  D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
    PASS       3.00   2.00  Pass Out  D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
    PASS       3.00   2.00  Pass Out  D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        100    1.00   4.00  3N N -2   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
        200    0.00   5.00  2N S -4   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Unless West opens light, this hand may well pass out. If West opens 1 and East responds 1, South can double for the unbid suits--but many will prefer to open the better diamond suit. There are so many places this could end up--all depending on the nerve or optimism of the players at any particular table.



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7 ♠T65
JT54
86
♣KJ62
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠A8
AK9632
A74
♣73
♠Q92
Q87
K953
♣T95
♠KJ743
-
QJT2
♣AQ84
5
157
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 3♠  ♦5 ♥5 NT5
EW: 2 2 1NT  ♣4 ♠4
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: +140 3♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  170          5.00   0.00  3♠ S +1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D6-McAdams-Conn
  140          3.00   2.00  3♠ S      D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
  140          3.00   2.00  3♠ S      D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
  140          3.00   2.00  3♠ S      D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  100          1.00   4.00  4 W -1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
        100    0.00   5.00  4♠ S -1   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Robbins-Triolo

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1, West overcalls 2 and North ekes out a space-grabbing 2 raise. That should stop East. Will South pass? He has a really good hand, though the heart void should be worrisome and could be a disaster if trumps don't break. This time they not only break, but the Q is well placed. Who knew?



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8 ♠Q873
AKT95
K73
♣3
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠J
Q7642
J642
♣Q96
♠AKT65
J
QT85
♣AT8
♠942
83
A9
♣KJ7542
12
614
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 2/1  ♦5/4 ♠6/5 NT6
EW: 2 1NT  ♣5 ♥5 ♠6
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: +100 2NT*-EW/3*-EW-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.50   0.50  1♠ E -2   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D6-McAdams-Conn
  100          4.50   0.50  3 E -2   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
         50    2.00   3.00  3N N -1   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
         50    2.00   3.00  2N N -1   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
         50    2.00   3.00  2N N -1   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
        150    0.00   5.00  3N N -3   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1, overcalled 1 by East. If South and West both pass, so will North. When the opponent bids his second suit, he has nowhere to go. The hand will be a nightmare for East, the location of the K being one of the few bright spots--and then North shows out. Yikes!



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9 ♠KQT3
743
K863
♣A6
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠J9842
J862
4
♣KQJ
♠-
KQT9
AQJT97
♣T97
♠A765
A5
52
♣85432
12
812
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2/1♠  ♣6 ♦4 ♥3 NT6
EW: 3 3 1NT  ♣6 ♠5
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: -100 3♠*-S-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          5.00   0.00  2♠ S      D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
  100          4.00   1.00  4 W -1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D6-McAdams-Conn
         50    3.00   2.00  2♠ S -1   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
        100    2.00   3.00  3♠ S -2   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
        130    1.00   4.00  3 E +1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        500    0.00   5.00  4♠* S -3  D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North's 1 opener will non-plus East--most play Michaels Cue Bid , and 3 might not be available either, depending on their agreement. Or is there an agreement? This situation is uncommon. N-S will find their spade fit and West will be licking his chops--or will East overcall the diamonds on the second round? The E-W heart fit is really hard to find.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 1Pass1
Pass2DblPass
3All pass  

The Bidding: After North opens 1, East cannot bid 2 naturally. It is common to play a direct cue bid as Michaels Cue Bid . Some partnerships play a jump cue bid as asking for a stopper. Some play it as a natural preempt. Neither fits East's hand. So East passes. South responds 1. West has nothing to say. North's raise to 2 shows a minimum opener with spade support.

East's double is takeout of spades. Whether East's double shows points depends on partnership agreements. As Larry Cohen discusses in his "I Can't Stand It" article, it is losing bridge to allow your opponents to play in their fit at the 2-level. Balancing can be difficult on this auction because opener will sometimes raise with 3-card support and shortness or a small doubleton. See Steve Weinstein's "1m-1M: Now What?" article for a discussion. The potential the opponents are in a 4-3 fit makes balancing more difficult. Some partnerships agree to balance in the direct seat after the opponents bid and raise a suit (OBAR). With that agreement, action in the direct seat doesn't promise points. It could be a balancing action in the direct seat. Without that agreement, East's action promises points.

West, with heart support and a weak 5-card spade suit, shouldn't be eager to penalize 2. Bidding 3 is clear. The Law of Total Tricks advises against competing to 3.

The Play in hearts: North will likely lead the King, top of an honor sequence. This taps dummy's trumps, removing entries needed to run dummy's diamonds. Declarer plans a Cross-Ruff , but wants to develop and cash club winners first. North wins the Ace and exits a trump to reduce ruffing power. South wins their Ace. Continuing hearts would give declarer the tempo to establish and benefit from dummy's diamonds. South prefers to lead a spade through declarer and tap dummy's trump. Declarer calls for dummy to ruff. The Ace is cashes followed by a ruffing finesse against the King. The ruffing finesse loses as declarer discards a spade. Now North must continue spades to tap dummy's trump. South's remaining trump prevents declarer from benefiting from dummy's diamonds. Declarer is held to 9 tricks.

The Play in Spades: With trump length, it is typically best to try to tap the opponents and gain trump control. Singleton leads and honor sequence leads are also attractive. Here, without a trump lead, declarer can score 8 tricks using their ruffing power. A trump lead and later continuations reduce declarer's ruffing power, holding declarer to 7 tricks.



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10 ♠KQT
975
K852
♣Q76
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠J42
AKJT3
A
♣KJ93
♠A97
Q864
9643
♣T8
♠8653
2
QJT7
♣A542
10
176
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣5 ♥3 ♠6 NT5
EW: 4 2NT  ♣6 ♦5 ♠6
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -620 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        120    5.00   0.00  2N W      D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
        140    4.00   1.00  3 W      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        170    3.00   2.00  3 W +1   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
        180    2.00   3.00  1N W +3   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
        620    0.50   4.50  4 W      D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
        620    0.50   4.50  4 W      D4-Petroff-Nye vs D6-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

When East raises West's hearts, will West decide she's good enough to go to game? Those black suits look mighty worrisome. It takes very lucky play in clubs to have only one loser there, however. Many will stop in 3 and only make nine tricks. If South can smoothly play low on the 10 lead, West has the chance to err.



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11 ♠Q654
J975
KJ5
♣63
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠A9873
T43
3
♣KQ84
♠J2
AKQ
QT876
♣T72
♠KT
862
A942
♣AJ95
7
912
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5 ♦6 ♥6 ♠5 NT5/6
EW: 2♣ 1 2♠ 1NT  ♥6
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: -110 2♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          4.50   0.50  2N E -1   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
   50          4.50   0.50  2 E -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
    PASS       3.00   2.00  Pass Out  D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
         50    2.00   3.00  1N N -1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D6-McAdams-Conn
        100    1.00   4.00  1N S -2   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
        300    0.00   5.00  3* S -2  D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1, North responds 1 and South bids 1NT. Or is it 1--1 and North passes? A lot will depend on how aggressive the players are. Some won't want to overcall such a weak suit as West's. Some might bid 1NT or a Negative Double with the North hand if West does overcall. And what of East? Will he try NT? Lots of questions...



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   1
1Dbl1NTAll pass

The Bidding: In his "1-Of-A-Minor Opening" article, Larry Cohen discusses opening with 4-4 in the minors. "There are three differing schools of thought, but no right answer. Some experts espouse opening 1 (to leave the most room). Others advocate 1 (to be able to bid clubs next without reversing), while still others open the stronger (most honors) minor with 4-4. I have no recommendation on this -- other than it isn't very important." Here, South has a bit of a rebid problem after a 1 overcall and a Negative Double or 1 response. So South prefers to open 1. West's 1 overcall is constructive and obstructive.

North has a choice between passing, making a Negative Double , raising diamonds, and Freely Bidding 1NT. Raising diamonds with just 3-card support doesn't merit consideration. A Negative Double should have a plan if opener doesn't have heart support. Here, North would need to give a preference to 2 over a 2 rebid by opener. North would wish they had responded 1NT. In his "The Race to 1NT" article, Andrew Gumperz discusses why a non-vulnerable 1NT contract tends to score well whether it makes or not. North is a bit light for a 1NT Free Bid , but the vulnerability makes responding 1NT attractive. Passing gives the opponents the opportunity to win the race to 1NT. North's priority is to look for a major suit fit. The lack of an attractive 2nd option makes it a close call between doubling and responding 1NT. The downside of missing a heart fit is considerable. Doubling seems best.

Some expert partnerships use a jump to 2NT as an artificial spade raise. This allows differentiation of invitational+ raises with 3 trump from those with 4+ trump support. Some prefer to use 2NT to show an offensive oriented invitational+ raise. A cue bid would show a more defensive oriented invitational+ raise. Most partnerships use 2NT as a natural invitation. East shouldn't be eager to jump to 2NT opposite a simple overcall. East-West could have as few as 20 HCP. Winning the race to 1NT seems best.

South doesn't know whether North has 4 hearts or 5+ hearts without the strength for a 2 response. South has a choice between passing, making a Support Double . In his "Support Doubles" article, Josh Donn advises "to consider passing instead of making a Support Double when the offensive strength of your hand is extremely subpar." Here, South's minimum hand has gotten worse with the 1 overcall and East's advance to 1NT. South has no desire to defend a non-vulnerable 1NT contract, but South doesn't need to act. South isn't in the balancing seat. Passing seems prudent. North can balance if it is right. South's failure to act serves as a warning to North.

The Play in 1NT by East: South knows they have the majority of the hearts. So South leads a heart. Declarer has 4 quick winners. West's spade texture makes going after spades attractive. Declarer is fortunate West's clubs provide sufficient entries. The defense has time to establish North's long heart. North-South must cash their winners to hold declarer to 7 tricks. Declarer's percentage play is to finesse against North for the Jack. That works here. Declarer's who misguess the diamonds can go down in 1NT.

The Play in 1NT by North: East is likely to lead the Jack, top of a doubleton in partner's suit. This allows the defense to take the same 7 tricks available when East declares 1NT. However, East-West score 50 for beating 1NT rather than the 90 they would get for making 1NT. Since it is common to play Responsive Doubles over after a 1-level overcall and a 1NT bid by responder, East will not have a penalty double available. This illustrates the value of winning the race to a non-vulnerable 1NT contract.

The Play in 2X: At tables where South makes a Support Double, North-South are likely to land in 2 which East will penalize. Declarer has 4 quick losers and must lose a club. Club ruffs in the short hand are expensive. East's diamonds are promoted. Declarer is down 2 for -300 for a bottom on this partscore deal.



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12 ♠AT92
Q863
T5
♣654
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠8654
T754
AK3
♣32
♠J
A9
J8742
♣KQT98
♠KQ73
KJ2
Q96
♣AJ7
6
711
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 3♠ 2NT  ♣5 ♦4
EW: 1♣ 3  ♥4 ♠4 NT4
LoTT: 18 - 16 = +2
Par: +100 4*-EW-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  140          5.00   0.00  2♠ S +1   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
  120          4.00   1.00  2N S      D4-Petroff-Nye vs D6-McAdams-Conn
  110          2.50   2.50  2♠ S      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  110          2.50   2.50  2♠ S      D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
  100          1.00   4.00  2♣* E -1  D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
        110    0.00   5.00  3 E      D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Whether or not East opens a minor, South will bid 1NT and respond in spades if North were to venture Stayman. However, with only six HCP, North is more likely to pass. And then will East use the Unusual NT if he passed originally, or a DONT 2? This could be all over the place.



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13 ♠6542
KQ8
T64
♣K85
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠K
AT96
875
♣JT974
♠QT973
J2
A92
♣A32
♠AJ8
7543
KQJ3
♣Q6
8
811
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 1 2NT  ♣5 ♠6
EW: 1♣  ♦5 ♥5 ♠6 NT5
LoTT: 14 - 15 = -1
Par: +120 2NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          5.00   0.00  2♠ E -2   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
        100    2.50   2.50  2♠ N -1   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
        100    2.50   2.50  1♠ N -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
        100    2.50   2.50  1♠ N -1   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D6-McAdams-Conn
        100    2.50   2.50  1♠ N -1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        200    0.00   5.00  2♠ N -2   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens a light 1, planning to pass when partner responds in a major. Spades, however, break so badly that the poor declarer will have a miserable time. What will East lead against 1? Or will West save him with a balancing double or 2 bid? The theme of the day seems to be uncertainty.



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14 ♠K82
K2
K632
♣QJ87
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠QJ75
Q5
54
♣KT942
♠AT3
AJ7
A987
♣A63
♠964
T98643
QJT
♣5
12
817
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣3/2 ♦4 ♥5 ♠3 NT4
EW: 4♣ 3 1/2 4♠ 3NT
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  3N E -2   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
         50    4.00   1.00  2 S -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
        120    3.00   2.00  1N E +1   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
        130    2.00   3.00  3♣ W +1   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
        150    1.00   4.00  3 S -3   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        400    0.00   5.00  3N E      D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D6-McAdams-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East has the least lovely 1NT opener--at least there are a few middlish cards instead of all "deuces." West will check for a spade fit and bid 3NT. Playing low on the initial heart lead will rally pay off if North falls for the ruse and goes up with the K. He should know East has the J, since South led the 10.



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15 ♠QJT8
AQJ83
Q
♣J64
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠AK2
K754
T8643
♣A
♠543
T
AKJ9
♣KT982
♠976
962
752
♣Q753
13
1411
2
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣3 ♦1 ♥6 ♠5 NT4
EW: 3♣ 6 -/1 2♠ 3NT  ♥6/7
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: -920 6-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        130    5.00   0.00  4 W      D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D6-McAdams-Conn
        150    3.00   2.00  4 W +1   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
        150    3.00   2.00  3 W +2   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
        150    3.00   2.00  3 W +2   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
        400    1.00   4.00  3N W      D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
        460    0.00   5.00  3N W +2   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1 and North doubles. What East chooses now will depend on their agreement: for some 2NT will show the diamond raise, but that will vary widely. South is delighted to stay out of this one. Even if North now bids hearts, East should persist in diamonds and at least bid the game. Nice of the Q to be singleton!



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16 ♠K8742
T5
-
♣KT9643
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠AQJ
A9763
Q653
♣8
♠T63
K
AKJT87
♣752
♠95
QJ842
942
♣AQJ
6
1311
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣  ♦2 ♥6 ♠6 NT4
EW: 5 1 1NT  ♣3 ♠4/6
LoTT: 20 - 19 = +1
Par: -500 6♣*-NS-3
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          5.00   0.00  3♣ N      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
        130    4.00   1.00  3 E +1   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D6-McAdams-Conn
        200    3.00   2.00  3N N -4   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
        600    1.00   4.00  3N E      D4-Petroff-Nye vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        600    1.00   4.00  5 W      D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
        600    1.00   4.00  5 E      D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1. Will North try 2 to show five spades and also a long minor? Then East bids 2 and South knows his black suits are great. He should bid 3. West will certainly raise diamonds--and off to the races we go. Yet another hand whose outcome will depend on the style and/or nerve of the participants.



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17 ♠Q864
5
AQ75
♣AQJ4
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠KJ975
QT876
4
♣K6
♠A3
J32
K986
♣T875
♠T2
AK94
JT32
♣932
15
98
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 4 1/-♠ 2NT  ♥6 ♠7/6
EW: 1  ♣4 ♦3 ♠6 NT5
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: +130 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  570          5.00   0.00  3* N +1  D4-Petroff-Nye vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
  400          4.00   1.00  3N N      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
  120          3.00   2.00  2N N      D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D6-McAdams-Conn
  110          2.00   3.00  2 N +1   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
         50    1.00   4.00  2N N -1   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
        100    0.00   5.00  3N S -2   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1 and South bids 1, which will tend to muzzle West: will he try 1 anyway? If West passes, North rebids 2 (NOT 1NT)--but what if West bids 1? 2 is still safer than 1NT. South will take a preference for diamonds and quit ASAP with his squarish eight HCP.



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18 ♠A8
Q94
KJ52
♣KQ72
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠7
AJ753
743
♣J963
♠KQJ62
K
QT6
♣T854
♠T9543
T862
A98
♣A
15
611
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 3 2 2♠ 2NT
EW:  ♣5 ♦4 ♥4 ♠5 NT5
LoTT: 14 - 15 = -1
Par: +120 2NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  120          4.00   1.00  2N N      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
  120          4.00   1.00  2N N      D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D6-McAdams-Conn
  120          4.00   1.00  2N N      D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
        100    1.00   4.00  3 S -1   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        100    1.00   4.00  2 S -1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
        100    1.00   4.00  3♣ N -1   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1NT in fourth seat. South has to decide: transfer in spades? bid Stayman? Rebid 2NT? South does have eight points, but it's a tough hand to evaluate. Since the majors break so badly, NT may work better, but how to decide? Another one for the uncertainty collection.



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19 ♠J964
A7
K8632
♣87
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠83
QJ542
A5
♣AKQ3
♠AT5
K863
7
♣96542
♠KQ72
T9
QJT94
♣JT
8
167
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 1♠  ♣2 ♥1 NT2
EW: 5♣ 5 2NT  ♦5 ♠6
LoTT: 18 - 19 = -1
Par: -650 5-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        200    5.00   0.00  3 W +2   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D6-McAdams-Conn
        500    4.00   1.00  5* S -3  D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
        680    1.50   3.50  4 W +2   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        680    1.50   3.50  4 W +2   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
        680    1.50   3.50  4 W +2   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
        680    1.50   3.50  4 W +2   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
20 ♠J762
KJ97
T92
♣AQ
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠K9843
A3
AQ
♣T973
♠A5
QT85
K75
♣KJ54
♠QT
642
J8643
♣862
11
1313
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣1 ♦4 ♥3 ♠2 NT2
EW: 5/6♣ 2 4 4/5♠ 4/5NT
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -1370 6♣-W
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        630    4.50   0.50  3N W +1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
        630    4.50   0.50  3N E +1   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
        660    2.00   3.00  3N E +2   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
        660    2.00   3.00  3N E +2   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        660    2.00   3.00  3N E +2   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D6-McAdams-Conn
        690    0.00   5.00  3N E +3   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
21 ♠AT862
Q
QJ4
♣K954
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠J4
K2
AKT9765
♣T8
♠K975
AJT865
8
♣A7
♠Q3
9743
32
♣QJ632
12
1112
5
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣  ♦2 ♥3 ♠4 NT2
EW: 4 4 1♠ 3NT  ♣5
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: -420 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          5.00   0.00  4 E -1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
        150    4.00   1.00  4 W +1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
        420    3.00   2.00  4 E      D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        450    1.50   3.50  4 E +1   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-McAdams-Conn
        450    1.50   3.50  4 E +1   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
        480    0.00   5.00  4 E +2   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
22 ♠AKJT
QJ8
2
♣QJT83
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠Q9754
4
T964
♣654
♠83
T6532
KJ73
♣97
♠62
AK97
AQ85
♣AK2
14
24
20
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 7♣ 4 6 6♠ 7NT
EW:  ♣0 ♦2 ♥1 ♠1 NT0
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: +1520 7NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
 1020          4.00   1.00  6N S +1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
 1020          4.00   1.00  6N S +1   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
 1020          4.00   1.00  6N S +1   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-McAdams-Conn
  990          2.00   3.00  6N S      D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  480          1.00   4.00  5♠ N +1   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
         50    0.00   5.00  6N N -1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
23 ♠Q5
754
QJT8
♣J932
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠KT8763
-
K4
♣AKQT5
♠A
KJ862
A7653
♣84
♠J942
AQT93
92
♣76
6
1512
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣2 ♦4 ♥4 ♠3 NT4
EW: 4/5♣ 3 3/2 4♠ 3/2NT
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: -620 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          4.50   0.50  6♠ W -3   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
  300          4.50   0.50  6♠ W -3   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
  200          3.00   2.00  3N W -2   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-McAdams-Conn
  100          2.00   3.00  4 E -1   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
        620    1.00   4.00  4♠ W      D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        650    0.00   5.00  4♠ W +1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
24 ♠AJ95
AT9
A4
♣JT98
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠K8762
Q3
KQ2
♣AK4
♠Q3
J8762
T7
♣Q652
♠T4
K54
J98653
♣73
14
175
4
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 1NT  ♣6 ♥6 ♠6
EW: 1♣ 1 1♠  ♦5 NT6
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: +90 1NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          5.00   0.00  3N W -4   D6-Greenberg-Greenberg vs D1-Jarboe-Shaw
  150          4.00   1.00  1N N +2   D3-Zizic-Eliason vs D6-McAdams-Conn
   50          1.50   3.50  1♠ W -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D2-Smith-Ellenberger
   50          1.50   3.50  3 W -1   D4-Petroff-Nye vs D3-Whaley-Shaffer
   50          1.50   3.50  2 W -1   D2-Wagner-Wagner vs D4-Robbins-Triolo
   50          1.50   3.50  2 W -1   D5-Broslow-Gaynor vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton