- Monday Aft - June 10, 2019

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Field strength:  Mean: 853 MP  Geomean: 397 MP
(based on 23 players, 1 non ACBL player ignored)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Mike Pemberton - Ron Saltis 64.69 1st OA 2.33
Marilyn Waples - Tee Downard 62.42 2nd OA 1.75
Joan Cathcart - Maurine Moore 58.67 3rd OA 1.31
Gwen Wagner - Richard Wagner 56.08 4th OA 0.98
Alan Greenberg - Joseph Gaynor 55.46 3rd OB 0.74
Pat Shaw - Ruric Nye 48.00 4th OB 0.55
EVENT>Open Unit Champ          |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> A N-S
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>June 10, 2019      |SANCTION>L1906547B | 06/10/2019 15:49
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Chris Gillmon   |RATING>Unit Championship            |MOVEMENT>MITCHELL
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/1500/300  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=4/C=1                       ,---,-----------------,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |      Overall    |           Section       |      |Final    |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 JoAnn Bowen            Arline Benzien           A   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     64.40  53.67
 2 Tee Downard            Marilyn Waples           C   2     1     .   |   1     1     .     74.90  62.42  1.75(OA)
 3 Louise Shaffer         Joan Glenn               B   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     34.10  28.42
 4 Joan Cathcart          Maurine Moore            A   3     .     .   |   2     .     .     70.40  58.67  1.31(OA)
 5 Alan Greenberg         Joseph Gaynor            B   .     3     .   |   .     2     .     66.55  55.46  0.74(OB)
 6 Anne Conn              Peggy Nielsen            B   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     50.20  41.83
                                          Totals                                            360.55

EVENT>Open Unit Champ          |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> A E-W
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/1500/300  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=5/C=3                       ,---,-----------------,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |      Overall    |           Section       |      |Final    |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Josh Rosenbluth        Barry Brenner            B   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     52.70  43.92
 2 Richard Wagner         Gwen Wagner              C   4     2     .   |   2     1     1     67.30  56.08  0.98(OA)
 3 Elaine McAdams         Irene Petroff            B   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     49.20  41.00
 4 Nita Whaley            Carol Lilly              C   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     56.14  46.78
 5 Ron Saltis             Mike Pemberton           A   1     .     .   |   1     .     .     77.63  64.69  2.33(OA)
 6 Pat Shaw               Ruric Nye                C   .     4     .   |   .     2     .     57.60  48.00  0.55(OB)
                                          Totals                                            360.57

Hands and Results
1 ♠Q83
AQ63
832
♣KT8
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠T2
K7542
QJ65
♣96
♠KJ74
T
T974
♣AJ53
♠A965
J98
AK
♣Q742
11
69
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 1 3 3♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣3 ♦6 ♥4 ♠4 NT3
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: +400 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  400          4.50   0.50  3N S      A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  400          4.50   0.50  3N N      A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  120          3.00   2.00  2N S      A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A6-Shaw-Nye
         50    1.50   3.50  2N S -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
         50    1.50   3.50  2N S -1   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
        100    0.00   5.00  3N S -2   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North, having passed initially, responds 1 to partner's 1 opener. When South bids 1, North should be interested in game, but has no diamond stopper. What to do? Bid 2--the Fourth Suit . South is likely now to bid 2. So bid 2 and South will try 3NT. Even with 25 points, this will be a hard one to play.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 PassPass1
Pass1DblRdbl1
Pass2Pass3
Pass3NTAll pass 
  1. exactly 3 hearts

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9.

The Bidding: North's hand falls short of the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 for a 1st or 2nd seat opener. After South opens 1, a 1 overcall wouldn't be obstructive. So a 1 overcall by West should show a good suit or a good hand. West has neither. North's priority is to look for a major suit fit. So North responds 1. East, with 12 Support Points, can reasonably double to show the black suits. South makes a Support Redouble to show exactly 3-card heart support. West has 5 hearts, but isn't eager to defend 1 redoubled opposite a passed hand. Bidding 2 is clear.

Now North, with invitational values, is in a difficult position. Would a 3 bid by North be competitive or invitational in your partnership? To avoid guessing, many partnerships give up a natural 2NT bid and play Good Bad 2NT . Even if a natural 2NT bid is available, North isn't eager to bid 2NT with a questionable spade stopper and no diamond stopper. When 2 suits have been bid (or shown) by the opponents, it is common to cue bid the suit in which you have a stopper. So North shows their game interest and their spade stopper by bidding 2. It isn't clear whether North has a real spade suit. So South accepts the invitation and shows their spade suit by bidding 3. North's 3NT bid denies a real spade suit. South, with 2 diamond stoppers, is happy to play 3NT.

The Play: East's standard lead is the 10, top of a sequence. If East-West are playing Coded Nines and Tens , declarer can place West with the QJ. Because coded leads are so helpful to declarer, they are not recommended on opening lead. Playing standard leads, declarer doesn't know whether the 10 is top of a sequence or top of an interior sequence. Here, knowing the diamond position helps declarer place the remaining honors after West is known to hold the King. Running the Jack offers declarer a 77% chance for 3 heart tricks and a 14.3% chance for 4 heart tricks. When West covers the Jack, the heart suit blocks. With East's black suit honors over North, declarer cannot access North's Queen. On the play of the hearts, East is Squeezed . East can afford to discard 1 diamond. Declarer has a choice between finessing against West for the Jack or attempting to engineer an end play. East's takeout double and the Vacant Spaces principle suggest East is more likely to hold the Jack. Here, a losing finesse against the Jack allows the defense to score 5 tricks.

Few declarers will successfully engineer the end play. Declarer must recognize their remaining diamond stopper risks declarer being the one who is end played. Declarer must cash their remaining diamond honor before taking a lobbing finesse towards the King. East is forced to take their Ace. East exits a diamond. The 3rd round of diamonds forces South to discard a club or spade. When West cashes the 4th round of diamonds, East must discard their 4th club or 4th spade. East will tend to mirror South's discard on the 3rd round of diamonds. Because exiting a heart allows declarer to score North's heart winner, West must exit a black suit. West's black suit holdings are unfortunate for the defense. As shown in the bridge movie below, declarer can end play East for their 9th trick.



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2 ♠A96
K76
Q9
♣AKJ64
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠52
JT94
KJT32
♣QT
♠QJT3
5
8764
♣7532
♠K874
AQ832
A5
♣98
17
73
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5♣ 1 5/6 4/5♠ 3/5NT
EW:  ♣2 ♦6 ♥1 ♠2 NT2
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: +1430 6-N
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
 1430          4.50   0.50  6 S      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
 1430          4.50   0.50  6 S      A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  690          3.00   2.00  3N S +3   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A6-Shaw-Nye
  650          2.00   3.00  4 S +1   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        200    0.50   4.50  6 S -2   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        200    0.50   4.50  6* S -1  A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A4-Whaley-Lilly

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

When South opens 1, North should be thinking about not just game but the possibility of slam. In these 2/1 days, all N has to bid for starters is 2, allowing South to rebid 2 showing her distribution without promising extras. Over N's 3, South can show her A, allowing N to use Blackwood and get them to their nice slam.



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3 ♠8653
K
QJ952
♣432
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠A74
96
AT87
♣AQJT
♠Q
AJT732
3
♣K9865
♠KJT92
Q854
K64
♣7
6
1510
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 2♠  ♣1 ♥1 NT4
EW: 6♣ 6 2NT  ♦5 ♠4
LoTT: 20 - 18 = +2
Par: -800 6♠*-NS-4
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.50   0.50  4 W -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
  100          4.50   0.50  5♣ W -1   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
        150    3.00   2.00  4♣ W +1   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        200    2.00   3.00  2 E +3   A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
        650    0.50   4.50  4 W +1   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        650    0.50   4.50  4 E +1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A6-Shaw-Nye

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1NT and will declare in hearts. It's a friendly hand: South doesn't have KQxx of hearts, so 12 tricks are available. Bid it? Nuh-uh.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   Pass
1NTPass21Pass
2Pass3Pass
3Pass3Pass
3Pass4Pass
4NTPass52Pass
6All pass  
  1. artificial, 5+ hearts
  2. 2 of 6 key cards for hearts & clubs, denies Queen, denies Queen

The Bidding: After West opens a strong notrump, East has a choice between a Jacoby Transfer and a Texas Transfer. East's Queen singleton isn't likely to carry its full weight. Even so, East's hand is clearly a Game Force . Grant Baze advised "6-5 come alive" , saying a 6-5 hand is worth an extra Ace. Here, the trick taking potential of East's heart suit merits an upgrade. East's Losing Trick Count should be adjusted to 5 given the double finessing position.

As Larry Cohen discusses in his "Jacoby or Texas with a 6-card major?" article, a Texas Transfer is used with no slam interest. Here, East has moderate slam interest. East could use a Jacoby Transfer followed by a jump to 4 to show mild slam interest, but that wouldn't enable West to well evaluate their hand. Showing East's 2nd suit allows West to better assess whether their cards are working. When West cue bids, rather than showing a heart fit, West is showing a club fit and a control. Playing Matchpoints , West wouldn't be eager to hide a heart fit. West likely has a heart doubleton.

East's 3 bid is ambiguous. East could be showing extra heart length or strength and offering a choice of games. East could be cue bidding a heart control. West cue bids their spade control. East's 4 bid tells West that 3 was a cue bid. West has a prime hand in support of clubs. West asks for key cards. With East showing a 2-suiter, it is best to play Double Roman Key Card . With that agreement, East's 5 response shows 2 of the 6 key cards and denies the Queen and the Queen. West knows the Queen is missing. West's heart doubleton decreases the risk of the Queen scoring a trick. If East's 2 key cards are the King and King, 6 is not better than 50%. Would East be inviting slam with an aceless hand missing the Queens in their long suits? That isn't likely. East has either Ace King or Ace-King. In both cases, slam prospects are good. West places the contract at 6.

The Play: The defense isn't likely to allow declarer to score 12 tricks on a Cross-Ruff . So declarer will need to establish their long hearts. A double finesse offers a 75% chance of holding heart losers to 1. Ruffing provides better odds. When the King singleton falls under the Ace, declarer can draw trump and concede a trick to the Queen. Declarer has 12 tricks.



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4 ♠75
KT6
J8742
♣KQJ
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠QJ943
Q9432
9
♣93
♠AT6
J
AK63
♣T8764
♠K82
A875
QT5
♣A52
10
512
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 3 1 3NT  ♠4
EW: 2/1♠  ♣6 ♦3 ♥6 NT4
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: +500 4♠*-E-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          4.90   0.10  4♠ W -3   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A6-Shaw-Nye
  200          3.70   1.30  4♠ W -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  120          2.50   2.50  2N S      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
  110          1.30   3.70  1 N +2   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        140    0.10   4.90  2♠ W +1   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East might ignore the clubs and open 1 in third seat, since he surely prefers a diamond lead if they defend--and he now has a convenient rebid if partner responds in hearts. South doubles, and West bids 1, North has some points and might even try NT with his (eventual) diamond stopper. He doesn't have to worry about spades--South has promised spades with the double.



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5 ♠7632
KQJ63
T4
♣T4
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠AJT854
8
A86
♣Q53
♠K
A42
KQ93
♣J9762
♠Q9
T975
J752
♣AK8
6
1113
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣2 ♦3 ♠2 NT2
EW: 5♣ 3 4♠ 4NT  ♥6
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: -430 4NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  3N E -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        140    3.50   1.50  3♠ W      A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
        140    3.50   1.50  2♠ W +1   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
        200    2.00   3.00  3♠ W +2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A6-Shaw-Nye
        420    0.50   4.50  4♠ W      A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
        420    0.50   4.50  4♠ W      A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Once again, East may elect to open diamonds to alleviate rebid problems. West will answer and then jump in spades, subsiding when East bids 3NT. With an opening heart lead, luck will be necessary--and it materializes when the Q falls under the Ace.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 Pass1Pass
1Pass2Pass
3All pass  

The Bidding: East's 13 HCP hand merits a downgrade for their singleton King. In his "Opening with 4 diamonds and 5 clubs" article, Andrew Gumperz discusses the rebid problems with 1-3-4-5 distribution. Opening 1 and rebidding 2 risks a false preference to diamonds. As Steve Weinstein advises in his "Let's Take a Pass" article, sometimes it is best to pass marginal opening hands with rebid problems. Here, East's 13 HCP and robust diamond suit make passing less attractive. With strong diamonds and weak clubs, opening 1 seems best.

After West responds 1, East rebids 2 as planned. East's 2 bid is wide ranging. East could have a minimum opener or could have almost a Game Force . Here, West has supporting honors in partner's suit and shortness in the 4th suit. West's nice spade texture offers almost a 58% chance of scoring 5 tricks opposite 2 small. East's failure to rebid 1NT or 2NT denies a balanced hand. If East has a small singleton spade, the likelihood of scoring 5 spade tricks drops to 10.3%. West has a choice between jumping to 3 to show long spades and invitational values or using 4th Suit Forcing to establish a Game Force. Forcing to game opposite spade shortness could be a problem. There is no need to stretch for games at Matchpoints . Inviting with a jump to 3 seems best. East, with a minimum opener and spade shortness, declines the invitation.

The Play: East's singleton King gives declarer an 89% chance for 5 spade tricks and a 16% chance for 6 trump tricks. East's Ace eliminates declarer's heart loser. East has nothing wasted in hearts. Declarer has a potential spade loser and 3 potential club losers. North leads the King, top of an honor sequence. Declarer wins the Ace, cashes the King, and crosses to the Ace. When declarer cashes the Ace, South's Queen drops. At this point, declarer has 10 winners. If diamonds break 3-3 or the Jack-Ten fall, declarer can discard a potential club loser. Here, South guards for the 4th round of diamonds. So declarer needs to tackle the club suit. Declarer would like to combine chances by taking a lobbing finesse towards the Queen. If that fails, declarer can finesse against North for the 10 or the remaining high club. Here, South has both high clubs. So declarer scores 11 tricks.

The defense needs to navigate a club ruff to hold declarer to 10 tricks.



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6 ♠-
9854
KQ954
♣AQJT
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠KQ8654
3
JT3
♣732
♠AJ3
AJT72
A2
♣954
♠T972
KQ6
876
♣K86
12
614
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 3 1  ♠3 NT5
EW: 3♠ 2NT  ♣4 ♦3 ♥5
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: -100 4*-NS-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  130          4.00   1.00  4 N      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A6-Shaw-Nye
  130          4.00   1.00  3 N +1   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
  130          4.00   1.00  3 N +1   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  100          2.00   3.00  3♠ W -1   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
        140    0.50   4.50  3♠ W      A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        140    0.50   4.50  2♠ W +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

The auction will start 1--P--1. Now most Norths will overcall 2, avoiding the Unusual NT because their club suit is only four cards. East will show three card spade support if possible. How will this one play out? A lot will depend on the agreements of particular partnerships and the nerve/optimism of West.



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7 ♠-
AKJ97
853
♣Q7542
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠AKQJT54
Q53
9
♣63
♠72
642
KQ74
♣AKJT
♠9863
T8
AJT62
♣98
10
1213
5
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 3 3/2  ♠2 NT2
EW: 3♠ 1NT  ♣5 ♦4 ♥4
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: -140 3♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.00   1.00  4♠ W -1   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
  100          4.00   1.00  4♠ W -1   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  100          4.00   1.00  4♠ W -1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        620    1.50   3.50  4♠ W      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A6-Shaw-Nye
        620    1.50   3.50  4♠ W      A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        660    0.00   5.00  5N W      A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A4-Whaley-Lilly

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

4 is a rational first bid for West with this fine suit, but it will founder on South's doubleton heart. Any other lead gives the game a fighting chance--and West is sure not to want to defend with this fine suit.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   Pass
1Pass2Pass
2Pass3Pass
3Pass3Pass
4All pass  

The Bidding: Opening 4 with West's hand would be a mistake. West has 6 potential losers. Opening 4 could bypass the last making contract. After West opens 1, North has a choice between passing, overcalling 2, and a Michaels Cue Bid . Opposite a passed hand, North can take liberties. However, North's weak club suit makes a vulnerable Michaels cue bid a risky proposition. A 2 overcall is lead directional. North's spade shortness suggests East-West have a spade fit. North expects to be on lead. Overcalling 2 or a Michaels cue bid may help North-South find a profitable sacrifice. However, spades are breaking badly. North has 10 HCP and 2 quick tricks. It isn't clear East-West have a game or that a sacrifice would be profitable. Passing seems best. North can balance if East-West attempt to settle in 2.

East, with an opening hand, responds 2, a Two Over One Game Force . For partnerships where a 2 or 2 Game Force promises a 5+ card suit, East's 2 response shows a Game Force with clubs or a balanced Game Force. West has a choice between rebidding 2 or 3. Treatments of a jump to 3 vary by partnership agreement. A common agreement is a jump to 3 would show a strong, self-sufficient suit, at most 1 loser. It denies a dead minimum opener, but doesn't guarantee extra values. Here, West has just a Queen outside of spades. Rebidding 2 seems best.

East shouldn't be eager to raise spades with a doubleton. Some are willing to bid 2NT with only 1 of the 2 unbid suits stopped. They wish to give the opponents a guess on the opening lead. This approach risks playing in the wrong contract, and risks wrong siding the notrump contract. It is best to use the 3-level to search for the best game. East's 3 bid is a notrump probe. East's failure to bid 2NT is a warning to West. West advertises a marginal or partial heart stopper by bidding 3. East suggests the spade game. West places the contract at 4.

The Play in 4: It is common to lead the Ace from Ace-King. After North leads the Ace, South encourages. The defense scores 2 hearts, a heart ruff, and the Ace to beat 4.

The Play in 3NT: Declarer has 9 quick winners, but the defense can score 5 hearts and the Ace to hold declarer to 7 tricks. If West declares 3NT, North shouldn't be eager to lead a low heart. It is common for defenders to agree on a power lead asking their partner to unblock or give count. An attitude signal wouldn't be vary helpful if West has Queen-doubleton. Here, West is known to have 3 or less hearts, but East could have 4 hearts. A power lead could be expensive if East has 4 hearts to the 10 and South unblocks, but South will not unblock seeing 10xxx in dummy. North chooses the power lead. South, lacking the Queen, shows an even count. North knows declarer has Qxx. With dummy tabling AKJ10 North knows they cannot get South on lead with a club. So North switches to a diamond. South wins the Ace and returns a heart. The defense take the first 6 tricks.



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8 ♠972
AJT32
87
♣AT4
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠QJT84
76
AQT9
♣62
♠A53
Q
K65432
♣K85
♠K6
K9854
J
♣QJ973
9
912
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 4  ♦3 ♠3 NT6
EW: 4 4♠  ♣3 ♥3 NT6
LoTT: 20 - 20 = 0
Par: -100 5*-NS-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  590          5.00   0.00  4* S     A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
  450          4.00   1.00  4 S +1   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
  420          3.00   2.00  4 S      A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  100          1.50   3.50  6 E -2   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  100          1.50   3.50  5* E -1  A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A6-Shaw-Nye
        170    0.00   5.00  3♠ W +1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1, starting an auction which reveals their excellent double fit in diamonds and spades. Luckily North has the A, so 10 tricks are always attainable. Will everyone get to game? It's the shape and not points which make it feasible, and that's a lot harder to estimate.



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9 ♠A865
J863
653
♣J6
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠KJT74
74
KQJ
♣QT4
♠2
Q5
T984
♣AK9753
♠Q93
AKT92
A72
♣82
6
129
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 1NT  ♣4 ♦4 ♠6
EW: 3♣ 3 1♠  ♥5 NT6
LoTT: 17 - 18 = -1
Par: -100 3*-NS-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          5.00   0.00  2 S      A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  100          4.00   1.00  3♠ W -1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
         50    3.00   2.00  2 S -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
        100    2.00   3.00  4 S -2   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
        110    1.00   4.00  3♣ E      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        150    0.00   5.00  4 S -3   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A6-Shaw-Nye

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

With only three major suit cards and a good suit, East can justify a six card 3 opener. Will South overcall 3 with a ratty 13 HCP? West has more than tolerance for clubs so he might bid 3. Unfortunately there are four quite unavoidable losers. If West does just bid 3, will North decide to push with four cards in hearts? Not vulnerable, he might.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 PassPass1
1Pass2Dbl
33All pass 

The Bidding: After South opens 1 in 3rd seat, West overcalls 1. North is a bit light for a free raise to 2. Bidding 2 could easily get the partnership too high. A weak jump raise, if available, isn't attractive with a balanced hand. The reason Drury is popular is to avoid going to the 3-level opposite a potentially light 3rd (or 4th) seat opener. Passing seems best. East's advance to 2 is natural. South has no desire to defend a 2 contract. South's double is takeout oriented and shows a full opener. West raises to 3. The Law of Total Tricks advises North to compete to 3. East-West aren't eager to compete to the 4-level. It is difficult for East-West to penalize 3.

The Play in 3: Declarer has 4 quick losers: 1 + 2 + 1. After drawing trump and knocking out the Ace, declarer has 9 tricks: 3 + 6.

The Play in 3: West is likely to lead the King, top of an honor sequence. Declarer wins their Ace. The "8 Ever, 9 Never" adage suggests declarer play to drop the Queen. When the Queen drops, declarer has 7 winners: 1 + 5 + 1. The near mirror distribution increases the difficulty of scoring a ruff for an extra trick. Declarer has 2 diamond losers and 2 quick club losers. Given West's 1 overcall, a lobbing finesse towards the Queen is unlikely to succeed. Declarer attempts an end play to score their Queen or get a ruff-sluff. Assuming West has 5+ spades, East has a spade void or a spade singleton. Here, East-West cannot avoid the end-play. Declarer draws trump and throws East-West in by exiting a minor. When East leads a spade, declarer ducks in both hands. East-West must give declarer a ruff-sluff or allow declarer to score their Queen for their 8th trick.



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10 ♠986
7
AT9832
♣KJT
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠AJT7432
AK
J74
♣Q
♠5
J9432
KQ5
♣9764
♠KQ
QT865
6
♣A8532
8
156
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 1  ♥6 ♠3 NT5
EW: 3♠  ♣3 ♦6 ♥6 NT6
LoTT: 18 - 16 = +2
Par: -140 3♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          4.50   0.50  3♣ S      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  110          4.50   0.50  3♣ S      A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  100          3.00   2.00  3♠ W -1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
        110    2.00   3.00  2♠ W      A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
        140    1.00   4.00  3♠ W      A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A6-Shaw-Nye
        170    0.00   5.00  3♠ W +1   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A2-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

It's an ugly 11 points, but some will open 1 with the South hand. West overcalls 1 which passes back to South. South opened in the first place because he was two-suited, so he now shows his second suit with 2. West bids 2. Will North try 3? No matter; if he does, West will just bid spades again--it sounds like partner might have points in diamonds. North should high-low in spades to tell partner he still has a trump and would like to ruff a heart.



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11 ♠K42
AK54
QT87
♣J8
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠AQT97
QT87
AJ6
♣T
♠653
3
K92
♣AKQ954
♠J8
J962
543
♣7632
13
1312
2
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣2 ♦4 ♥5 ♠2 NT2
EW: 5♣ 2/3 1/2 5♠ 4NT
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -450 5♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        420    3.50   1.50  4♠ W      A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
        420    3.50   1.50  4♠ W      A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
        420    3.50   1.50  4♠ W      A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A6-Shaw-Nye
        420    3.50   1.50  4♠ W      A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        450    0.50   4.50  4♠ W +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        450    0.50   4.50  4♠ W +1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A4-Whaley-Lilly

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

E-W should arrive at the spade game without much trouble. North should know his partner is all but broke. He might shift to the Q trying to get rid of that entry to the board before trump are drawn. Won't work this time. He'll get his two tricks and console himself with having plenty of company.



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12 ♠QJ7543
AK2
T
♣AT9
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠82
Q93
AKJ97543
♣-
♠-
JT8754
6
♣QJ8753
♠AKT96
6
Q82
♣K642
14
104
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 5♠ -/4NT
       ♦4 ♥3 NT5/10
EW: 2 4  ♣5 ♠2 NT3
LoTT: 21 - 20 = +1
Par: +300 6*-EW-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
 1430          5.00   0.00  6♠ N      A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  680          4.00   1.00  5♠ N +1   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A6-Shaw-Nye
  650          3.00   2.00  4♠ N +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
  300          1.50   3.50  5* W -2  A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  300          1.50   3.50  5* W -2  A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  150          0.00   5.00  5 W -3   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A4-Whaley-Lilly

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 4 with her eight-bagger. North may assay 4. South has great spades, but has to worry about losers and may prudently pass--not that I'd blame anyone who wanted to go looking for slam/



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13 ♠QT4
T95
Q94
♣K953
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠K7
7432
T82
♣QT86
♠A85
QJ6
J753
♣742
♠J9632
AK8
AK6
♣AJ
7
58
20
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 3 3 5♠ 4/5NT
EW:  ♣4 ♦4 ♥4 ♠2 NT2
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: +660 5NT-N
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  660          3.50   1.50  3N S +2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
  660          3.50   1.50  3N S +2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A6-Shaw-Nye
  660          3.50   1.50  3N S +2   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  660          3.50   1.50  3N S +2   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
  650          1.00   4.00  4♠ S +1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  620          0.00   5.00  4♠ S      A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A2-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 2NT and will play 3NT for sure, though some partnerships who play Puppet Stayman will find the eight card spade fit. An opening club lead will create a pitch for that losing heart.



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14 ♠Q76
A864
A986
♣T9
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠A3
JT7
KQT4
♣KQ73
♠JT852
K93
J3
♣862
♠K94
Q52
752
♣AJ54
10
155
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣6 ♥6 ♠5 NT6
EW: 1♣ 1♠  ♦6 ♥6 NT6
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: -80 1♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  2♠ E -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A6-Shaw-Nye
   50          3.00   2.00  2N W -1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
   50          3.00   2.00  1N W -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
   50          3.00   2.00  2♠ W -1   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
         90    1.00   4.00  2♣ W      A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        110    0.00   5.00  2♠ W      A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1NT and will declare in 2. North doesn't have a happy lead. Laying down an unsupported Ace is usually wrong; leading a doubleton isn't usually right either, but may be chosen by default. Six losers are hard to avoid, but declarer will have plenty of company.



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15 ♠JT
AQ87
954
♣QT53
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠Q3
J642
AJ6
♣J874
♠AK96
KT
KT2
♣K962
♠87542
953
Q873
♣A
9
916
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣3 ♦5/4 ♥4 ♠5 NT3
EW: 4♣ 2 2 2♠ 3NT
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: -400 3NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          5.00   0.00  3N E -1   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        150    3.00   2.00  2N W +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A6-Shaw-Nye
        150    3.00   2.00  2N E +1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
        150    3.00   2.00  1N E +2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
        400    0.50   4.50  3N E      A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        400    0.50   4.50  3N E      A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1NT and will play the NT game. South's likely spade lead may be precluded bu East's answer to Stayman. Ironically, it would have been less costly than will be the alternative choice of a low diamond.



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16 ♠KT73
9
AT83
♣A942
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠Q4
J86
K95
♣KJT53
♠J52
75432
QJ72
♣Q
♠A986
AKQT
64
♣876
11
106
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 3 3 5♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣4 ♦4 ♥4 ♠2 NT4
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: +450 5♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  450          4.50   0.50  4♠ N +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
  450          4.50   0.50  4♠ N +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A6-Shaw-Nye
  400          3.00   2.00  3N N      A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
  200          2.00   3.00  1♠ N +4   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  170          0.50   4.50  2♠ N +2   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  170          0.50   4.50  1♠ N +3   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A3-McAdams-Petroff

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Some Norths will open 1, but declaring in the spade game should be the case even if it's South who opens in fourth seat. When the J falls, declarer can shag all his club losers on those lovely hearts, giving up only a spade and a diamond.



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17 ♠JT64
K5
T72
♣KT63
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠Q98732
J62
8
♣Q82
♠-
AT943
J953
♣A974
♠AK5
Q87
AKQ64
♣J5
7
59
19
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1/-♣ 4/3 2/1♠ 3/2NT
       ♣7/6 ♥6
EW: 1  ♣5/6 ♦3 ♠5 NT5/4
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: +400 3NT-S
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  430          5.00   0.00  3N N +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  110          4.00   1.00  2♠ N      A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
         50    2.00   3.00  3N S -1   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
         50    2.00   3.00  2N S -1   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
         50    2.00   3.00  3 S -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        300    0.00   5.00  4♠* N -2  A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A6-Shaw-Nye

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

In third seat with no four card major, South may justify a 2NT opener on 19 HCP and that dandy diamond suit. North checks for a spade fit and is happy to bid 3NT. Declarer should be careful to give up a diamond if he must before he loses control of other suits. What will East discard on the opening spade lead? He'll kick himself if it's a diamond.



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18 ♠K954
AQ6
KQ
♣KQ65
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠AT3
9
AJT9763
♣J9
♠7
J84
852
♣T87432
♠QJ862
KT7532
4
♣A
19
101
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 3 5♠ 4NT  ♦4
EW: 2  ♣6 ♥1 ♠1 NT2
LoTT: 19 - 19 = 0
Par: +650 5♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  650          4.00   1.00  5♠ S      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  650          4.00   1.00  5 S      A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
  650          4.00   1.00  5 S      A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A6-Shaw-Nye
        100    1.00   4.00  5N N -1   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
        100    1.00   4.00  6 S -1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        100    1.00   4.00  5 S -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Only 10 HCP? Who cares! South should open this hand. He starts with 1. East bids 3 and North may feel tongue-tied (as in "I've been robbed!"). What now? 3NT? Cue-bid the diamonds to show heart support? Double? There's an old saying that "preempts work." They sure create havoc here.



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19 ♠983
QJ32
AT86
♣J3
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠KJ5
98765
QJ92
♣T
♠T762
AK4
74
♣AKQ9
♠AQ4
T
K53
♣876542
8
716
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5/6 ♦6 ♥4 ♠4 NT4
EW: 1♣ 1 3 3♠ 3NT
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -600 3NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
         50    5.00   0.00  3♣ S -1   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
         90    4.00   1.00  1N E      A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A6-Shaw-Nye
        120    3.00   2.00  1N E +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        140    1.50   3.50  2 W +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
        140    1.50   3.50  2 E +1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        150    0.00   5.00  2N E +1   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
20 ♠K2
AQ
QJT
♣Q86432
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠T97654
73
87542
♣-
♠A83
KJT42
AK9
♣AJ
♠QJ
9865
63
♣KT975
14
020
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣  ♦3 ♥2 ♠2 NT5
EW: 4 4 5♠  ♣5 NT6
LoTT: 19 - 20 = -1
Par: -650 5♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  750          5.00   0.00  3N* N     A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
  120          4.00   1.00  1N N +1   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A6-Shaw-Nye
  110          3.00   2.00  2♣ N +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        500    2.00   3.00  4♣* N -2  A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        620    1.00   4.00  4♠ W      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
        800    0.00   5.00  5♣* N -3  A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
21 ♠AK5
Q5
T952
♣Q852
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠Q8632
J63
QJ8
♣J6
♠JT
A98
643
♣AKT74
♠974
KT742
AK7
♣93
11
712
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 1 1NT  ♣6 ♠6
EW: 1♣ 1♠  ♦5 ♥6 NT6
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: +90 1NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  1N E -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
   50          3.50   1.50  1N E -1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
   50          3.50   1.50  2♣ E -1   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
         90    2.00   3.00  2♣ E      A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A6-Shaw-Nye
        100    0.50   4.50  2N N -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        100    0.50   4.50  2 S -1   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
22 ♠T64
653
754
♣KQ95
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠AQ82
Q92
9862
♣J8
♠73
AK84
KQJ3
♣732
♠KJ95
JT7
AT
♣AT64
5
913
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣6 ♦3 ♥4 ♠5 NT5
EW: 4 3 1♠ 2NT  ♣6
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
         50    5.00   0.00  2♣ N -1   A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
         80    4.00   1.00  1♠ W      A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
        110    3.00   2.00  2 E +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
        120    2.00   3.00  1N E +1   A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
        150    0.50   4.50  2♠ N -3   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A6-Shaw-Nye
        150    0.50   4.50  4♣ N -3   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
23 ♠K8
J95
AQJT932
♣4
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠94
A83
K65
♣AJ532
♠J763
76
84
♣KT876
♠AQT52
KQT42
7
♣Q9
11
124
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4 5 4♠ 1NT  ♣5
EW: 2♣  ♦2 ♥2 ♠2 NT6
LoTT: 19 - 18 = +1
Par: +650 5-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  650          5.00   0.00  4 S +1   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A3-McAdams-Petroff
  620          3.50   1.50  4 S      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  620          3.50   1.50  4 S      A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
  170          2.00   3.00  2♠ S +2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
  140          0.50   4.50  3♠ S      A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A6-Shaw-Nye
  140          0.50   4.50  3 S      A5-Greenberg-Gaynor vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
24 ♠AQJ
AKJ
742
♣A852
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠K94
Q653
KQJ9
♣74
♠T76
972
865
♣KJ96
♠8532
T84
AT3
♣QT3
19
114
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 3 3 4♠ 4NT
EW:  ♣3 ♦4 ♥4 ♠2/3 NT2
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: +430 4NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  430          4.90   0.10  3N N +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  400          3.70   1.30  3N N      A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Whaley-Lilly
  180          2.50   2.50  1N N +3   A3-Shaffer-Glenn vs A6-Shaw-Nye
  120          1.30   3.70  2N N      A6-Conn-Nielsen vs A1-Rosenbluth-Brenner
  110          0.10   4.90  1♣ N +2   A4-Cathcart-Moore vs A3-McAdams-Petroff