- Monday Aft - June 24, 2019

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Field strength:  Mean: 792 MP  Geomean: 493 MP
(based on 21 players, 3 non ACBL players ignored)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Carol Jarboe - Pat Shaw 57.92 1st A 0.60
Mike Pemberton - Ron Saltis 57.08 2nd A 0.42
Deborah Triolo - Mark Robbins 57.08 1st A 0.60
Gwen Wagner - Richard Wagner 56.25 2nd B 0.28
Carol Lilly - Mary Jane Graham 55.83 2nd A 0.42
EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> D N-S
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>June 24, 2019      |CLUB NO.>127100    | 06/24/2019 16:04
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Chris Gillmon   |RATING>Club Masterpoint (100%, 80%, 80% Open)|MOVEMENT>MITCHELL
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/850/300   |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=4/C=2                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 JoAnn Bowen            Arline Benzien           A    .     .     .     65.50  54.58
 2 Alan Greenberg         Marilyn Waples           B    .     .     .     56.50  47.08
 3 Mary Jane Graham       Carol Lilly              C    2     2     .     67.00  55.83  0.42(A)
 4 Louise Shaffer         Marie Offerman           A    .     .     .     49.00  40.83
 5 Anne Conn              Elaine McAdams           B    .     .     .     53.50  44.58
 6 Deborah Triolo         Mark Robbins             C    1     1     1     68.50  57.08  0.60(A)
                                          Totals                         360.00

EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> D E-W
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
AVE>   60.0 |TOP>   5 |MP LIMITS>None/850/300   |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=6/B=5/C=3                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Ginny Rockefeller      Irene Petroff            B    .     .     .     51.50  42.92
 2 Richard Wagner         Gwen Wagner              C    .     2     .     67.50  56.25  0.28(B)
 3 Nita Whaley            Tricia Mills             C    .     .     .     41.00  34.17
 4 Peggy Nielsen          Ken Ellenberger          B    .     .     .     62.00  51.67
 5 Ron Saltis             Mike Pemberton           A    2     .     .     68.50  57.08  0.42(A)
 6 Pat Shaw               Carol Jarboe             C    1     1     1     69.50  57.92  0.60(A)
                                          Totals                         360.00

Hands and Results
1 ♠QT932
65
T72
♣KT4
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠AK6
KQ2
AQJ85
♣Q8
♠J4
AT93
K63
♣9753
♠875
J874
94
♣AJ62
5
218
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦2 ♥2/3 ♠6 NT2/3
EW: 2♣ 5 3 1♠ 3/4NT
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: -430 4NT-W
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  4 E -2   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
        130    4.00   1.00  3 W +1   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D3-Whaley-Mills
        140    3.00   2.00  3 E      D5-Conn-McAdams vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
        460    1.50   3.50  3N W +2   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        460    1.50   3.50  3N W +2   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
        490    0.00   5.00  3N W +3   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

After three passes, West opens 2NT. East checks for a heart fit and happily settles for 3NT. Say North makes a usual lead--the 10 (not fourth best with an interior sequence. ). With only two spades, declarer may go against the general principle of second hand low and play the J. He's lucky this time--that works. He was lucky not to get a club lead! Now without finesses, he can reel off 11 tricks.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 PassPassPass
2NTPass3Pass
3Pass3NTAll pass

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1, 3, 5, 7, and 19.

The Bidding: LightOpening3rdSeat is a common winning tactic. The ACBL's Open Chart disallows "A Natural or Quasi-Natural 1-level opening bid in any seat that could contain less than Near-Average Strength." Near average strength is defined as a "hand that has at least 8 HCP or meets the Rule of 17 ." Here, if South opens 1, it would be a psych. If North isn't surprised South is weak, South could be subject to penalties. Passing in 3rd seat seems best.

After West opens 2NT, East looks for a heart fit and places the contract in 3NT. Jerry Helms advises against playing Puppet Stayman Over 2NT because of the difficulty when responder is (54) in the majors. Some expert partnerships use Muppet Stayman to handle those difficulties.

The Play: A failed Stayman auction typically suggests a major suit lead. North's standard lead is the 10, top of an interior sequence. If playing Coded Nines and Tens , North would lead the 9 to show 0 or 2 higher cards. Because coded leads are so helpful to an astute declarer, it is best not to use them on the opening lead. Here, declarer has no choice but to play the Jack. Winning the Jack gives declarer their 11th trick. A declarer who could see through the backs of the cards would finesse against South for the Jack at trick 2 and score 12 tricks.

A club lead is needed to hold declarer to 10 tricks. Because North has KT4, North leading a club will provide just 3 club tricks.



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2 ♠KJT64
863
9765
♣2
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠9532
J42
AQT
♣543
♠7
AQ75
J843
♣AJ98
♠AQ8
KT9
K2
♣KQT76
4
712
17
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♠  ♣6 ♦5 ♥5 NT6
EW: 1/-♣ 2/1 2
       ♣7/6 ♠5/4 NT6
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: +100 3*-EW/3*-E-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          5.00   0.00  3♣* E -2  D3-Graham-Lilly vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  110          4.00   1.00  2♠ S      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
  100          3.00   2.00  3 E -2   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D3-Whaley-Mills
        100    1.50   3.50  3♠ N -1   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
        100    1.50   3.50  2♠ S -1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
        110    0.00   5.00  2 E +1   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1. South doubles and West bids 1. That shushes North. East rebids 2 (not 1NT with a singleton spade). 2 has the same stifling effect on South. West will prefer 2 and set the contract unless North has the nerve to bid 2, correctly deducing that his side has an eight card spade fit.



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3 ♠Q97
85
AT75
♣AK75
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠2
T6432
KQ62
♣Q43
♠T8543
Q7
J98
♣862
♠AKJ6
AKJ9
43
♣JT9
13
73
17
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 6♣ 4 4/3 5♠ 6NT
EW:  ♣1 ♦3 ♥2 ♠1 NT1
LoTT: 15 - 14 = +1
Par: +990 6NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  520          3.00   2.00  3N S +4   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D3-Whaley-Mills
  520          3.00   2.00  3N S +4   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
  520          3.00   2.00  3N S +4   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
  520          3.00   2.00  3N S +4   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
  520          3.00   2.00  3N N +4   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  490          0.00   5.00  3N S +3   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

It may look ugly, but South's best bet is 1NT with a balanced hand and 17 HCP. North is delighted to bid the NT game, and South will be gratified when North has good minors. When both the heart and club Queens cooperate, there are lots of overtricks to enjoy.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   1NT
Pass3NTAll pass 

The Bidding: South's minor suit stoppers leave a lot to be desired, but that shouldn't deter South from opening 1NT. If South opened 1 and North responded 1 or 1NT, South would have an awkward rebid. After South opens a 15-17 HCP 1NT, North knows their partnership has 28-30 HCP. At most tables, North will place the contract in 3NT.

An increasingly common expert agreement is to play a 3 bid by responder as Low Information Puppet Stayman . The main upside of this agreement is concealing opener's distribution when responder has exactly one 4-card major and game forcing values. Here, North can use that agreement to look for a 5-3 spade fit. South's 3 response denies a 5-card major, but doesn't show or deny a 4-card major. North places the contract in 3NT.

The Play: North's failure to Stayman suggests a major suit lead. West's standard lead is their 4th best heart. East plays the Queen, 3rd hand high . Declarer wins the Ace to give West a guess on who holds the King. Declarer now has 10 winners: 4 + 3 + 1 + 2. Declarer has the tempo and texture to score an additional club trick. Declarer cashes a high club as a Safety Play against East holding the singleton Queen. When the club finesse succeeds, declarer has 2 additional club tricks for their 11th and 12th tricks.



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4 ♠983
KJ5
KJ
♣A9543
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠KQJ5
Q3
9872
♣Q62
♠A2
A97642
AQ64
♣8
♠T764
T8
T53
♣KJT7
12
1014
4
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣  ♦2 ♥3 ♠5 NT6
EW: 4 3 2♠ 1NT  ♣6
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          5.00   0.00  3N W -3   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D3-Whaley-Mills
  100          4.00   1.00  4 E -1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
        140    2.50   2.50  3 E      D5-Conn-McAdams vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
        140    2.50   2.50  1 E +2   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
        170    1.00   4.00  3 E +1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
        620    0.00   5.00  4 E      D3-Graham-Lilly vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

After North opens 1, East bids 1. South has good clubs and good shape, but four HCP don't justify an action. With tolerance (a doubleton) for partner's suit, West might try 1, but East will go back to hearts. Happily trumps break and the K is on-side. Another friendly hand for declarer.



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5 ♠K64
J64
J3
♣KJT75
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠A952
-
QT642
♣AQ64
♠J873
AKT972
9
♣92
♠QT
Q853
AK875
♣83
9
128
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 1 1NT  ♥6 ♠4/5
EW: 1 2♠  ♣5/6 ♦6 NT6
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: -110 2♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          5.00   0.00  4♠ W -3   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
  100          3.50   1.50  3 E -2   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
  100          3.50   1.50  2 E -2   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D3-Whaley-Mills
   50          2.00   3.00  2 E -1   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
        120    1.00   4.00  2N W      D5-Conn-McAdams vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
        140    0.00   5.00  2♠ W +1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West won't be thrilled when East opens 2, which passes to him. It's a real crap-shoot for West to act. His diamond suit is pitiful and a lack of a diamond fit would have East repeating the hearts (heaven forfend). Yes, there are eight tricks in spades, but who'd bid it?



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 PassPass1
Pass1NT2All pass

The Bidding: After North passes as dealer, should East preempt a Weak Two Hearts in 2nd seat? In his "Better Preempts IV: Preempts by Seat Position (part 1)" article, Andrew Gumperz advises dealer's pass decreases the likelihood the opponents have a game. So 2nd seat preempts should be more disciplined showing "good suits, but not solid, with possibly an outside card." Here, East's hearts are certainly strong enough to preempt. However, preempting 2 risks missing a spade fit. In 1st or 3rd seat, opening 2 would have more upside. Passing is a reasonable option. East can compete later if appropriate.

At tables where East passes in 2nd seat, South opens 1. West has nothing to say. North responds 1NT. Now East has a choice between passing, overcalling 2, and doubling with the intent of correcting clubs to hearts. Doubling is the most flexible action, but with such a disparity in suit length and strength, overcalling 2 seems best. West is less than thrilled. West's void combined with East's failure to open 2 makes running from 2 attractive. The problem with running is West doesn't have a clear place to go. Bidding 2 on a 4-card suit could be a disaster. Bidding 2NT is also risky. Unfortunately, West isn't allowed to double their partner's bid for takeout. Even though West expects a better spot to be available. West has no reasonable way to ask East which other suit thy prefer. West prefers to pass, hoping North-South will give them an opportunity to make as SOS redouble. North-South don't have the shape or strength to act over 2.

At tables where East opens 2, North-South's heart length deters competition. The auction is likely to end at 2.

The Play in 2: It is common to lead the Ace from Ace-King. When South leads the Ace, North isn't willing to signal with the Jack. So North plays the 3. South cannot be sure who hold the remaining Jack. Continuing diamonds is risky. It is easy for South to find the club shift needed to beat 2. Declarer's finesse against the King loses. North shifts to a diamond. Declarer ruffs and scrambles 7 tricks by ruffing diamonds.



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6 ♠K64
KQ643
K82
♣K2
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠AQ9753
952
AQ7
♣6
♠J82
AT87
653
♣J74
♠T
J
JT94
♣AQT9853
14
126
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 3 2NT  ♥6 ♠5
EW: 1/2♠  ♣3 ♦3 ♥6 NT3
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: +130 4♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          5.00   0.00  3♣ S +2   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
  130          3.50   1.50  4♣ S      D3-Graham-Lilly vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
  130          3.50   1.50  3♣ S +1   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
  100          2.00   3.00  4♠ W -1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
         50    0.50   4.50  3N N -1   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
         50    0.50   4.50  4♣ S -1   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D3-Whaley-Mills

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 3. With only 12 HCP, West can't afford to bid 2, especially not vulnerable. North will just sit there quietly, waiting for the opponents to do something silly which he will punish. When they don't South will have a pleasant time, only losing the three aces unless he gets lucky and gets to dump the spade loser.



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7 ♠QJ83
T6
K9
♣JT852
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠T964
AJ9
AT6
♣A76
♠K
753
Q75432
♣K94
♠A752
KQ842
J8
♣Q3
7
138
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 2♠  ♦4 ♥6 NT5
EW: 3 1NT  ♣6 ♥5 ♠5
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -110 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        100    4.50   0.50  2♠ N -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
        100    4.50   0.50  2♠ N -1   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D3-Whaley-Mills
        110    3.00   2.00  2 E +1   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
        180    2.00   3.00  2N W +2   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
        200    1.00   4.00  2♠ N -2   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        300    0.00   5.00  3♠ S -3   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D2-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1. West passes with this balanced minimum, even though he has four spades and is amused to hear North bid spades--which South then raises. Hmm. East leads a low diamond. Missing the K109xx, declarer leads low toward the dummy's Ace and will be rewarded when the K is singleton and gets to smother none of North's honors.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   1
Pass1Pass2
PassPass3All pass

The Bidding: South's hand meets the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 for a 1st or 2nd seat opener. South's doubleton honors in the minors merit a downgrade. However, South, with 9 cards in the majors, isn't eager to risk the board being passed out. Opening 1 seems best because it is lead directional and constructive. West doesn't have the shape to act over 1. A takeout double with a flat hand and values in hearts is risky. North responds 1. East's doesn't have the values to overcall 2, and lacks the texture to preempt. South's raise to 2 shows a minimum opener with 4 (possibly 3) card support. Again, West has nothing to say.

As Larry Cohen discusses in his "I Can't Stand It" article, allowing your opponents to play in their fit at the 2-level is losing bridge. Accordingly, East balances with 3. With an 8-card spade fit, North-South aren't eager to compete at the 3-level. The Law of Total Tricks predicts there will be 17 tricks available between a North-South spade contract and an East-West diamond contract. Here, the Double Dummy results match the Law's prediction.

The Play in Spades: Declarer lacks the spade texture for a pushing finesse to offer much upside. So declarer is likely to lead low spades towards the Queen-Jack or cash the Ace and then lead towards the Queen-Jack. Beginning by cashing the Ace offers a 2.8% chance for 4 tricks and a 86.7% chance for 3 or more tricks. Beginning with low spades towards the Queen-Jack gives up the chance for 4 tricks, but offers an 89.6% chance for 3 or more tricks. Both lines have similar trick taking expectations. Here, if declarer chooses to cash the Ace first, the King falls and declarer has a marked double finesse against the 10-9. Because South's hand has few entries, West splitting the 10-9 causes problems. The defense wants to avoid giving declarer a ruff-sluff in diamonds. The can tap declarer in hearts to create a trump trick for West. To do so, West must smother the 10. Results in spade contracts will vary between 7 and 9 tricks depending on the play.

The Play in Diamonds: Cashing the Ace and leading a diamond towards the Queen offers a 78% chance for 5 diamond tricks. South is likely to lead the King, top of an honor sequence. Here, the King lead removes a guess in the heart suit. Declarer has no trouble scoring 9 tricks: 2 + 5 + 2.



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8 ♠Q5
952
K9852
♣853
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠J83
AKQT
QJ3
♣742
♠A97
J73
AT7
♣KJ96
♠KT642
864
64
♣AQT
5
1313
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5 ♦6 ♥4 ♠5 NT4
EW: 2♣ 1 3 2♠ 3NT
LoTT: 15 - 14 = +1
Par: -400 3NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          4.50   0.50  3N W -1   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
   50          4.50   0.50  3N E -1   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D3-Whaley-Mills
        110    3.00   2.00  2 E      D3-Graham-Lilly vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
        400    1.50   3.50  3N E      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
        400    1.50   3.50  3N E      D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
        430    0.00   5.00  3N E +1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

With 3-3 in the minors, one usually opens 1, but I'd criticize no one who chooses 1 instead. Either way, they'll end up in 3NT. West gets a diamond lead, a lot less scary than the low spade South would lead. Just remember second hand low and you still have two spade stoppers.



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9 ♠AK5
952
AT76
♣Q96
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠JT7
T4
KQ32
♣KJT3
♠84
A73
J95
♣A8742
♠Q9632
KQJ86
84
♣5
13
109
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4 4♠  ♣4 ♦6/5 NT6
EW: 3♣ 1  ♥3 ♠3 NT6
LoTT: 19 - 17 = +2
Par: +420 4♠-NS/4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  420          5.00   0.00  4 S      D3-Graham-Lilly vs D3-Whaley-Mills
  170          2.50   2.50  3♠ S +1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
  170          2.50   2.50  2♠ S +2   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
  170          2.50   2.50  3 S +1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  170          2.50   2.50  2 S +2   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
         50    0.00   5.00  4♠ S -1   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1. South should remember to bid the spades first--the higher of her two five card suits. Even when South finds out they have an eight card spade fit, it's unlikely they'll bid game on their combined 21 HCP, but this plays like a dream with everything that matters breaking. West's usual lead is the K. No problem.



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10 ♠QJT7
J8765
96
♣T6
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠AK82
T
K875
♣AK93
♠4
Q94
Q42
♣QJ8742
♠9653
AK32
AJT3
♣5
4
177
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 1♠  ♣2 ♦4 NT3
EW: 5♣ 3 3NT  ♥5 ♠6/5
LoTT: 18 - 19 = -1
Par: -600 3NT-EW/5♣-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          5.00   0.00  2 S      D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
        100    3.50   1.50  3 N -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        100    3.50   1.50  2 N -1   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D3-Whaley-Mills
        130    2.00   3.00  2♣ E +2   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
        150    0.50   4.50  3♣ E +2   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
        150    0.50   4.50  3♣ E +2   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1 in third seat. East has a real problem hand: it's too good for a weak jump shift but not nearly good enough for 2, even by a passed hand. Scary as it seems, 1NT is the response. West bids 2 and now East can come to life and raise. Nothing like a known 10 card fit to encourage some optimism.



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11 ♠-
A65
KT9865
♣KT76
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠AJ86
QJ82
73
♣AQ8
♠KQT432
94
AJ4
♣53
♠975
KT73
Q2
♣J942
10
1410
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 3 1  ♠3 NT4
EW: 3♠ 2NT  ♣3 ♦4 ♥5
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: -100 4*-NS/4♣*-NS-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          3.00   2.00  4♠ E -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
   50          3.00   2.00  4♠ E -1   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
   50          3.00   2.00  4♠ E -1   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D3-Whaley-Mills
   50          3.00   2.00  4♠ E -1   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
   50          3.00   2.00  4♠ E -1   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
        420    0.00   5.00  4♠ E      D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1 and North overcalls 1. East bids his spades and South passes, West raises spades. Will North go quietly or bid one of the minors now? A lot will depend on the competitive spirit of the various players on this hand. East will go on in spades. On equal vulnerability, who will flinch first?



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12 ♠K54
QJ4
KJ52
♣J62
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠J73
T87
7643
♣QT3
♠A982
AK962
8
♣K98
♠QT6
53
AQT9
♣A754
11
314
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 2/1 1/-NT
       ♥5 ♠6/5 NT7/5
EW: 2 1♠  ♣5 ♦5 NT6
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -110 2-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  120          5.00   0.00  2N N      D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
  110          4.00   1.00  2 N +1   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D3-Whaley-Mills
   90          3.00   2.00  1N N      D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
        100    2.00   3.00  3 N -1   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
        200    0.50   4.50  3 S -2   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        200    0.50   4.50  3 S -2   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1. If South doubles, West passes. North is justified in bidding 2NT with 11 HCP and hearts stopped, but South certainly can't go on. Unfortunately, East has the long suit and lots of entries. Even eight tricks is too ambitious. If South passes 1, North may balance with 1NT and buy the hand.



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13 ♠96
K975
7
♣AQT962
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠Q854
AQ62
A854
♣J
♠KT
JT3
QJ6
♣K8543
♠AJ732
84
KT932
♣7
9
1310
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣6 ♦6 ♥5 ♠6 NT5
EW: -/1♣ 1 2 1♠ 2NT  ♣6/7
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: -120 2NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  120          5.00   0.00  2N N      D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D3-Whaley-Mills
   90          4.00   1.00  2♣ N      D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
        100    2.50   2.50  2N N -1   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
        100    2.50   2.50  2♠ S -1   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
        120    1.00   4.00  2N E      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
        300    0.00   5.00  3 S -3   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North has a good enough suit to open 3 but may shy away from it because of his heart holding. If he does open 3, this passes to West who doubles--and East has no trouble converting that double to penalties. If North passes, West opens 1 and East will end up in 1NT--unless North now preempts. Then East has to pass and wait for West to reopen with a double. Same scenario at that point.



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14 ♠A
JT92
T865
♣AT82
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠KT752
K54
J9
♣K64
♠Q86
AQ73
A72
♣QJ7
♠J943
86
KQ43
♣953
9
1015
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣5 ♥4 ♠3 NT4
EW: 1♣ 3 4♠ 2NT  ♦5
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          4.50   0.50  4♠ E -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
   50          4.50   0.50  4♠ E -1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D3-Whaley-Mills
        140    3.00   2.00  2♠ W +1   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
        400    1.50   3.50  3N E      D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
        400    1.50   3.50  3N E      D5-Conn-McAdams vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        420    0.00   5.00  4♠ E      D3-Graham-Lilly vs D2-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1NT and will end up declarer in 4. Safe play of the trump suit is needed. Lead low toward the Q. When North hops up with the A, cash the Queen next and then finesse poor South.



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15 ♠J2
JT654
KT
♣9765
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠AKT7
KQ7
QJ9
♣Q82
♠8654
A83
A8765
♣T
♠Q93
92
432
♣AKJ43
5
178
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣6 ♦2 ♥4 ♠2 NT2
EW: 1♣ 5 3 5♠ 4NT
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -450 5♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        170    5.00   0.00  2♠ E +2   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D3-Whaley-Mills
        200    4.00   1.00  2♣ S -2   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
        240    3.00   2.00  1N W +5   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
        420    1.50   3.50  4♠ W      D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
        420    1.50   3.50  4♠ W      D3-Graham-Lilly vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
        450    0.00   5.00  4♠ W +1   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1NT and will declare 4. East is just strong enough to use Stayman, but should revalue her hand when the spade fit is revealed and bid the game. When diamonds cooperate, there's even an overtrick to enjoy.



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16 ♠53
A97
Q932
♣T953
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠94
QJT6
JT6
♣KJ76
♠KJT86
32
K5
♣A842
♠AQ72
K854
A874
♣Q
6
811
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3 2 1NT  ♣6 ♠6
EW: 1♣ 1♠  ♦4/3 ♥5 NT6
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +110 2-NS/3-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  130          5.00   0.00  2 S +2   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  110          3.50   1.50  2 N +1   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
  110          3.50   1.50  2 N +1   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
  100          1.50   3.50  2♠ E -1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
  100          1.50   3.50  2♣ E -1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D3-Whaley-Mills
        100    0.00   5.00  1N S -2   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East has a nice third seat 1 opener. That causes a real problem for South: a tip of the hat to any South who has the nerve to bid 1NT with that singleton club. Seven tricks will be a bit of a slog, but persist with the diamonds (a 4-4 fit, after all) to get there.



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17 ♠KT9
85
Q982
♣Q865
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠64
Q732
T4
♣AT732
♠AQ873
JT6
65
♣KJ9
♠J52
AK94
AKJ73
♣4
7
611
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3 1NT  ♣5 ♥6 ♠6
EW: 2♣  ♦3 ♥6 ♠6 NT5
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: +110 3-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  130          4.50   0.50  3 S +1   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  130          4.50   0.50  3 S +1   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
  110          2.00   3.00  3 S      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D3-Whaley-Mills
  110          2.00   3.00  3 S      D3-Graham-Lilly vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
  110          2.00   3.00  3 S      D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
        100    0.00   5.00  3N N -2   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1 and North bids either 1NT or 2. Either will play reasonably--and for the same score value. South can argue that Pass is acceptable since by implication North has clubs.



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18 ♠T963
QT
KT73
♣864
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠42
AJ762
J98
♣932
♠AK7
K4
A652
♣KQT5
♠QJ85
9853
Q4
♣AJ7
5
619
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♠  ♣4 ♦5 ♥4 NT5
EW: 3♣ 2 3 2NT  ♠6
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          5.00   0.00  4* E -2  D3-Graham-Lilly vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
  100          3.00   2.00  3N E -2   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  100          3.00   2.00  3N E -2   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
  100          3.00   2.00  2N E -2   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D3-Whaley-Mills
   50          0.50   4.50  2N E -1   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
   50          0.50   4.50  4 E -1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D2-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East may open 2NT even with only 19 HCP: he doesn't want to hear a major from partner at the one level and he wants to keep his hand concealed. The bad heart break will stop a game which otherwise seems so reasonable to bid.



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19 ♠QJT876
Q93
975
♣4
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠93
K54
AKQ6
♣JT87
♠AK2
AJ86
J
♣AQ652
♠54
T72
T8432
♣K93
5
1319
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣1 ♦2 ♥1 ♠4 NT1
EW: 6♣ 5 6 3♠ 6NT
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: -1440 6NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          5.00   0.00  6N E -1   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
        210    4.00   1.00  2N E +3   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
        240    3.00   2.00  2N E +4   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D3-Whaley-Mills
        690    2.00   3.00  3N E +3   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
       1370    1.00   4.00  6♣ W      D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
       1440    0.00   5.00  6N E      D5-Conn-McAdams vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger

David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   Pass
13DblPass
4Pass4Pass
5Pass6All pass

The Bidding: As Larry Cohen discusses in his "1-Of-A-Minor Opening" article, styles vary with 4-4 in the minors. "There are three differing schools of thought, but no right answer. Some experts espouse opening 1 (to leave the most room). Others advocate 1 (to be able to bid clubs next without reversing), while still others open the stronger (most honors) minor with 4-4. I have no recommendation on this -- other than it isn't very important." Here, if West opens 1 and North overcalls 1 and East makes a Negative Double , West can bid 1NT without a stopper or bid 2 which would force East to 3 if they preferred clubs. Neither is particularly attractive. Opening 1 seems best because it is lead directional and provides an easy rebid.

North, opposite a passed hand at favorable vulnerability, should preempt aggressively. A 2 preempt seems rather tame. If you are not preempting at the 3-level here, you should read the "Better Preempts: What is the upside?" by Andrew Gumperz . East, with 19 HCP, is too strong to bid 3NT. A 4 response would be forcing, but could lose the heart suit. Beginning with a Negative Double seems best. After West shows their club suit, East could reasonably bid 6. Since a grand slam is possible, East chooses a strong sequence, cue bidding and then bidding 6. West, with just 1 key card, declines the grand slam try.

East, with spades well stopped, may consider a 6NT contract. 6 is likely to be safer than 6NT. North's aggressive preempt makes it difficult for East to invite the grand and show clubs are well stopped.

The Play: After a spade lead, declarer is concerned about a defensive ruff. Since North is the Dangerous Opponent , declarer can finesse against the King. The finesse loses. Unblocking the diamonds provides 8 winners in the side suits. 4 club winners bring declarer to 12 tricks.



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20 ♠2
T63
9843
♣86532
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠KQJ75
54
KJ652
♣A
♠643
QJ872
T7
♣KT9
♠AT98
AK9
AQ
♣QJ74
0
146
20
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 1 1/2NT  ♦6 ♠5/6
EW: 1♠  ♣4/3 ♦6 ♥6 NT5/4
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: +120 2NT-N
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  800          5.00   0.00  3♠* W -3  D3-Graham-Lilly vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
  500          4.00   1.00  4♠* W -2  D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
  300          3.00   2.00  2 E -3   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
  200          1.50   3.50  3♠* W -1  D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D3-Whaley-Mills
  200          1.50   3.50  3♠* W -1  D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  100          0.00   5.00  2♠ W -1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
21 ♠A8732
2
QJT
♣Q763
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠QJT
A763
K974
♣AK
♠K
QJ98
532
♣T8542
♠9654
KT54
A86
♣J9
9
176
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♠  ♣5 ♦4 ♥4 NT5
EW: 2♣ 2 3 2NT  ♠6
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          4.50   0.50  1N W -1   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
   50          4.50   0.50  2 W -1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
         90    3.00   2.00  1N W      D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
        120    1.00   4.00  2N W      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
        120    1.00   4.00  1N W +1   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
        120    1.00   4.00  1N W +1   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D3-Whaley-Mills
22 ♠K9
KJ2
KQ9
♣QT632
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠QT74
T74
AJ4
♣754
♠A8653
A9
763
♣AJ8
♠J2
Q8653
T852
♣K9
14
713
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 2 3  ♠6 NT6
EW: 1♠ 1NT  ♣5 ♦4/5 ♥4
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: +140 3-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          5.00   0.00  3♠ E -2   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
  140          4.00   1.00  3 S      D5-Conn-McAdams vs D3-Whaley-Mills
  110          3.00   2.00  3♣ N      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
         50    2.00   3.00  3 S -1   D3-Graham-Lilly vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
        100    1.00   4.00  3 S -2   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
        110    0.00   5.00  2♠ E      D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
23 ♠832
Q3
QT853
♣JT3
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠J5
AT854
A7
♣9542
♠KQT64
J72
K64
♣87
♠A97
K96
J92
♣AKQ6
5
99
17
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 2  ♥4 ♠4 NT6
EW: 2 2♠ 1NT  ♣6 ♦5
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -110 2♠-EW/2-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  120          5.00   0.00  1N S +1   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton
   90          3.00   2.00  1N S      D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
   90          3.00   2.00  1N S      D3-Graham-Lilly vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
   90          3.00   2.00  1N S      D5-Conn-McAdams vs D3-Whaley-Mills
        100    0.50   4.50  1N S -1   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
        100    0.50   4.50  1N S -1   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
24 ♠4
QT2
93
♣QJT9872
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠A965
J954
AJ75
♣6
♠T
AK8763
KQT8
♣AK
♠KQJ8732
-
642
♣543
5
1019
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣6 ♦0 ♥0 ♠6 NT0
EW: 7/6 7 1♠ 7NT  ♣5
LoTT: 19 - 20 = -1
Par: -1520 7NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        480    4.00   1.00  5 E +1   D1-Bowen-Benzien vs D2-Wagner-Wagner
        480    4.00   1.00  5 E +1   D2-Greenberg-Waples vs D4-Nielsen-Ellenberger
        480    4.00   1.00  4 E +2   D4-Shaffer-Offerman vs D1-Rockefeller-Petroff
        510    2.00   3.00  4 E +3   D5-Conn-McAdams vs D3-Whaley-Mills
        980    1.00   4.00  6 E      D3-Graham-Lilly vs D6-Shaw-Jarboe
       1010    0.00   5.00  6 E +1   D6-Triolo-Robbins vs D5-Saltis-Pemberton