- Monday Aft - July 22, 2019

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Field strength:  Mean: 625 MP  Geomean: 334 MP
(based on 17 players, 3 non ACBL players ignored)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Carol Lilly - Mary Jane Graham 65.50 1st A 0.50
Mike Pemberton - Ron Saltis 62.50 1st A 0.50
Nita Whaley - Pat Shaw 60.50 2nd A 0.35
Deborah Triolo - Mark Robbins 56.00 2nd A 0.35
Anne Conn - Peggy Nielsen 50.00 2nd B 0.22
Ginny Rockefeller - Irene Petroff 48.00 2nd B 0.22
EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> A N-S
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>July 22, 2019      |CLUB NO.>127100    | 07/22/2019 15:51
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Chris Gillmon   |RATING>Club Masterpoint (100%, 80%, 80% Open)|MOVEMENT>MITCHELL
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>   50.0 |TOP>   4 |MP LIMITS>None/750/300   |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=5/B=4/C=2                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Deborah Triolo         Mark Robbins             A    2     .     .     56.00  56.00  0.35(A)
 2 Tee Downard            Marilyn Waples           C    .     .     .     36.00  36.00
 3 Mary Jane Graham       Carol Lilly              C    1     1     .     65.50  65.50  0.50(A)
 4 Marie Offerman         Elaine McAdams           B    .     .     .     42.50  42.50
 5 Anne Conn              Peggy Nielsen            B    .     2     .     50.00  50.00  0.22(B)
                                          Totals                         250.00

EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> A E-W
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
AVE>   50.0 |TOP>   4 |MP LIMITS>None/750/300   |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=5/B=4/C=2                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Irene Petroff          Ginny Rockefeller        B    .     2     .     48.00  48.00  0.22(B)
 2 Ruric Nye              Gwen Wagner              C    .     .     .     43.50  43.50
 3 Tricia Mills           Louise Shaffer           B    .     .     .     35.50  35.50
 4 Pat Shaw               Nita Whaley              C    2     1     .     60.50  60.50  0.35(A)
 5 Ron Saltis             Mike Pemberton           A    1     .     .     62.50  62.50  0.50(A)
                                          Totals                         250.00

Hands and Results
1 ♠Q75432
7642
7
♣T7
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠KJ
AKJT
AK
♣AQ543
♠T98
98
Q986532
♣J
♠A6
Q53
JT4
♣K9862
2
253
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4/5 ♦0/1 ♥3 ♠5 NT4
EW: 2♣ 6 4 2♠ 3NT
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -920 6-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          3.50   0.50  3N W -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
   50          3.50   0.50  6 E -1   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A2-Nye-Wagner
        400    2.00   2.00  3N W      A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        420    1.00   3.00  5 E +1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        460    0.00   4.00  3N W +2   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A4-Shaw-Whaley

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

There's a good chance there will be three passes before West gets to open 2. North and East have poor suits; South has 10 HCP but with only 2-3 in the majors and an indifferent club suit will pass. What will East respond? A simple waiting 2, or the popular 2 to deny Aces and Kings? East must be clear, though, that his suit must be trump or it loses its value. Assuming that West rebids 3NT, East jumps to 5. Will West take a big chance and try slam anyway? It works this time because South has the A: want to bet folding money on that?



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 PassPassPass
212Dbl2All pass
  1. strong, artificial, forcing
  2. weak

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1, 4, 6, 8, and 12.

The Bidding: North's 2 HCP falls below the range for a Weak Two Spades preempt. As Andrew Gumperz discusses in his "Better Preempts IV: Preempts by Seat Position (part 1)" article, dealer's pass makes game less likely for North-South. So a 2nd seat preempt should be constructive. Here, East's weak diamond suit makes a 3 (or Weak Two Diamonds ) preempt unattractive. In his "Light Third Seat Openers" article, Josh Donn advises "The two main reasons to open light in third seat are to preempt the opponents (or at least get them bidding defensively) and to direct the lead." Here, South isn't sure what lead they want. Opening 1 isn't obstructive, but would force East-West to use their defensive bidding agreements. South falls short of the Rule of 15 , If points are evenly distributed, a light 3rd seat opener might prevent the board from being passed out. If West isn't showing signs they have a big hand, passing seems best.

West opens a Strong 2 Clubs . Competing over a strong 2 has great upside because West has shown great strength and no information about shape has been shared. North's poor spade texture makes bidding 3 unattractive. So North settles for a 2 overcall. Over Inferference in your strong 2 auctions, it is common for responder to double with a weak hand. West isn't sure they can reach East's hand. If not, a game might not be available. Converting East's double for penalty is reasonable.

At tables where North passes over 2, it is common for East to respond 2 Diamonds Waiting . West, with 25 HCP, will jump to 3NT at most tables. Expert partnerships will use a space efficient Kokish Relay to show a balanced (or semi-balanced) 24+ HCP hand. This leaves room for East to make a slam try in diamonds. East, with just 2 HCP, has no slam interest. The question is whether to play 3NT or 5. 3NT requires only 9 tricks and offers a higher score if 10 tricks are available. In a 3NT contract, West might not be able to reach East's hand. If West has a lot of Tenaces , 3NT could be going down on a hand where 5 is making. North-South could have as many as 12 or 13 HCP on the auction. If so, they could have 3 quick winners to beat 5. It is a close guess for East. Passing 3NT is reasonable.


The Play in 3NT: North's lack of entries makes a spade lead unattractive. A heart lead seems best because it may be passive and/or find partner with hearts. Here, a heart lead finesses South's Queen. Now West has 7 winners. West unblocks the diamonds and exits a club to East's Jack. South wins their King and exits a heart. Declarer can cash their winners and exit a club. South cashes their 2 club winners and is forced to break spades. South leads the 6 to give declarer a guess. Declarer to must play the King to makes 3NT. At tables where North leads a spade, South wins their Ace and continues a spade to declarer's King. Declarer hopes North doesn't have any entries. Declarer unblocks the diamonds and leads a club towards the Jack. South wins the King and exits a club. Declarer cashes their club winners and throws South in with a club. South is end played and must lead a heart. Declarers who risk the heart finesse score 9 tricks.

The Play in 5: With diamonds breaking 3-1, declarer has 10 quick winners. Declarer has the spade texture to develop a spade winner for their 11th trick. Most declarers will prudently play safely for 11 tricks.

The Play in 2X: With the King-doubleton onside declarer has 5 spade winners. Declarer doesn't have any winners in the side suits. So down 3 for +500 is possible.



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2 ♠T842
A5
9732
♣542
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠AK97
Q84
AT
♣AT93
♠J5
J32
KQ864
♣Q86
♠Q63
KT976
J5
♣KJ7
4
179
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦4 ♥5 ♠5 NT4
EW: 3♣ 3 2 2♠ 2NT
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: -120 2NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.00   0.00  3N W -2   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
   50          2.00   2.00  3N W -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
   50          2.00   2.00  3N W -1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
   50          2.00   2.00  2N W -1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        400    0.00   4.00  3N W      A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A2-Nye-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1NT and will end up in the NT game. It won't be easy! Say North heads a low spade. Play second hand low and be rewarded when South plays the Queen (or gives you a trick with the nine). But diamonds don't cooperate and the club honors are ill placed. As the cards lie, start clubs with the Queen, then give up a trick to the Jack and find three club tricks. It's crucial that South have the Jack if you make the more common play of low to the Q.



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3 ♠64
J8
AK8
♣KT9865
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠KT975
Q65
T
♣QJ73
♠AQJ832
AK7
762
♣2
♠-
T9432
QJ9543
♣A4
11
814
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 4 1  ♠2 NT4
EW: 5♠  ♣5 ♦3 ♥5 NT5
LoTT: 21 - 20 = +1
Par: -300 6*-NS-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          4.00   0.00  6♠* W -1  A3-Graham-Lilly vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        200    3.00   1.00  3♠ E +2   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        500    2.00   2.00  5* S -3  A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A2-Nye-Wagner
        650    0.50   3.50  4♠ E +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        650    0.50   3.50  4♠ E +1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A4-Shaw-Whaley

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Lots of distribution on this hand, but once East bids spades, West won't go quietly. It's possible that North will open 1 light in third seat, but it won't matter; East surely bids spades and West will make an enthusiastic raise. Their complementary singletons make this hand a dream to play. The double dummy results show a good save at 6--but what South will try it?



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4 ♠T96
832
KT97
♣AJ4
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠8743
K976
Q654
♣2
♠QJ
AQJT54
82
♣KQT
♠AK52
-
AJ3
♣987653
8
515
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5♣ 3 4♠ 1NT  ♥5
EW: 2  ♣2 ♦3 ♠3 NT5
LoTT: 19 - 19 = 0
Par: +620 4♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          3.00   1.00  4 E -2   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
  200          3.00   1.00  4 E -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
  200          3.00   1.00  4 E -2   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A2-Nye-Wagner
  150          1.00   3.00  4♣ S +1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  100          0.00   4.00  3 E -1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A4-Shaw-Whaley

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1. South doubles and West makes a preemptive bid of 3. North has such a flat mediocre hand: that jump raise may quell competition. A determined South may double again or even bid those clubs. Get to game? Unlikely. Game in either black suit depends on finessing the weaker opponent for the diamond queen. Will that happen?



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
PassPass1Dbl
2Pass21Pass
32Pass3All pass
  1. artificial game try
  2. would accept a Game Try in clubs, but not in spades

The Bidding: After East opens 1 in 3rd seat, South Doubles for Takeout . West has a Mixed Raise for hearts. Because Opening Light in Third Seat is a common winning tactic, most partnerships play some form of Drury to avoid getting too high when responder has an invitational raise. The same concerns apply with a Mixed Raise. Many expert partnerships play Transfers Over a Double of One of a Major . With that agreement, West bids an artificial 2 to show a constructive heart raise. At most tables, West will bid 2 which doesn't differentiate a good heart raise from a weak heart raise. Over West's 2 response, North has a choice between passing, doubling, bidding 2, or bidding 3. North cannot double. A Responsive Double shows more than one place to play. Bidding 2 risks playing in a 3-3. Bidding 3 risks playing in a 4-3 fit. Passing in tempo seems best.

East's 17 Support Points merit a down grade for their QJ doubleton. East's heart length and club honor combination merit an upgrade. East's Losing Trick Count of 6 suggests inviting game. In his "Game Tries" article, Steve Robinson shares the advice of many experts. The consensus is Game Try which ask where help is available are better than Game Tries which reveal where help is needed. Help Suit Game Tries tend to be very helpful for the defense. My preference is to use the next step to ask if and where help is available. With that agreement, East's 2 bid is an artificial Game Try. West would bid 2NT if they would accept a Help Suit Game Try in spades. So West's 3 bid shows help in clubs, but denies help in spades. East expects to have 2 spade losers. East cannot be certain whether West's help is the Ace or shortness. Shortness would be a problem. East have a choice between bidding 3 or asking for help in diamonds. Asking for help in diamonds would be a mistake. West might cooperate with Qxx. Kxx has a 50% chance of being useful. West would need KQ or the Ace to be certain of avoid 2 diamond losers. East's hand has gotten worse. Bidding 3 seems best. East's 3 bid ends the auction.

The Play: It is common to lead the Ace for AKx(x). If playing Rusinow , South would lead the King, 2nd of touching honors. North discourages a spade continuation. Since North would encourage with a doubleton, South knows East has at most 2 spades. There is some risk dummy's 8 will set up as winner. The defense must cash their diamonds before declarer establishes a spade winner to hold declarer to 8 tricks. The defense scores 5 tricks: 2 + 2 + 1.



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5 ♠J92
AK974
432
♣K4
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠K6
J53
75
♣AQT752
♠AQT73
6
AJ96
♣963
♠854
QT82
KQT8
♣J8
11
1011
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣2 ♦6 ♠2 NT6
EW: 5♣ 1/- 4♠ 1NT  ♦7/6 ♥5
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          4.00   0.00  2 N      A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A2-Nye-Wagner
    PASS       3.00   1.00  Pass Out  A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        150    2.00   2.00  4♣ E +1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        170    1.00   3.00  2♠ E +2   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        210    0.00   4.00  2N W +3   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A4-Shaw-Whaley

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

With spades, 2 1/2 Quick Tricks and the Rule of 20 , East opens 1. Depending on their style, West will either bid 1NT (forcing) or 2. Bid the game? Clubs have to cooperate, spades break nicely. This seems to be a day for overtricks.



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6 ♠975
AK98
42
♣AQJT
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠A632
QJ3
AT86
♣32
♠KT
6542
953
♣K965
♠QJ84
T7
KQJ7
♣874
14
116
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 1 2♠ 3NT  ♦6
EW:  ♣5 ♦5/6 ♥5/6 ♠5 NT4
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: +400 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          3.50   0.50  2♠ S      A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  110          3.50   0.50  2♣ N +1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
   90          2.00   2.00  1N N      A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
         50    0.50   3.50  2N S -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Nye-Wagner
         50    0.50   3.50  2N S -1   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

With support for both majors, West opens 1. North doubles and East may bid 1 ( I would!). South has a mighty nice hand; starting with 2 to get more information from North is a good idea. When North bids hearts, South should bid the NT game. North will figure out--if he's thinking--that South must have been interested in spades. Since he has only three spades he leaves the contract in NT.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  PassPass
1Dbl12
All pass   

The Bidding: After 2 passes, West opens 1 in 3rd seat. North Doubles for Takeout . East is a bit weak for a Free Bid . West could be light for their 3rd seat opener. Passing could put East in an awkward position later in the auction. Responding 1 seems best. South's 10 Support Points merit a jump to 2. North's takeout double suggests 2 or less diamonds. South's diamond strength isn't ideal opposite a takeout double. North's takeout double shows the unbid suits. So the lack of a heart stopper isn't a big concern. An advance to 1NT would be quite descriptive, but risks missing a spade fit. Most of the field will advance to 2. It may be possible to offer 3NT as a contract later. Jumping to 2 seems best.

West has nothing to say. North expects their partnership to have 24-26 points. So game is a possibility. If North had 4 spades, they could safely invite game with a raise to 3. With a better hand, North could cue bid to consult West on which game is best. Here, North doesn't have a safe way to invite game. Passing 2 seems prudent.

The Play in 2: West is likely to lead the Queen, top of an honor sequence. Dummy's King wins. When East discourages, declarer isn't sure whether West led from QJ(x) or East is false carding with Jxxxx. Declarer may need to ruff the 4th round of diamonds. East will likely overruff. Establishing club winners seems better than going after diamonds. With all side suits well stopped, declarer prefers to begin drawing trump. East doesn't want to play their King on air. So they play the 10. At this point, a club ruff is needed to hold declarer to 8 tricks. So West must win their Ace and switch to a club. West may prefer switch to a heart to force declarer to guess whether East's signal was honest. If declarer believes East, they will finesse against the Jack and score 9 tricks.

The Play in 3NT: The Queen lead makes it easy for declarer to score 9 tricks. A diamond lead gives declarer the option of going after clubs. A losing club finesse gives the defense the tempo to score 5 tricks before declarer establishes their 9 trick. The defense scores 2 + 2 + 1. On a diamond lead, a declarer who could see through the backs of the cards would switch to hearts at trick 2.



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7 ♠962
QT6
J
♣AKQT86
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠K43
32
Q952
♣J542
♠QT75
K987
A764
♣7
♠AJ8
AJ54
KT83
♣93
12
69
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5♣ 1 4 2♠ 5NT
EW:  ♣2 ♦6 ♥3 ♠4 NT2
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: +660 5NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  690          4.00   0.00  3N S +3   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
  630          2.50   1.50  3N S +1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  630          2.50   1.50  3N S +1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        100    1.00   3.00  3N S -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Nye-Wagner
        200    0.00   4.00  3N S -2   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South will probably end up the declarer in 3NT after opening 1 and North responding 2. With no sure outside entry to the North hand. South should lead the 9 and let it ride. When it holds, he is rewarded with six club tricks.



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8 ♠AJ
KJT93
AKJ7
♣KQ
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠7543
A874
Q
♣J972
♠K9862
62
T985
♣85
♠QT
Q5
6432
♣AT643
22
73
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5/4♣ 5/4 4 1/-♠ 4/2NT
       ♠7/6
EW:  ♣2 ♦2 ♥3 ♠6 NT3
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: +430 4NT-S
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  490          3.50   0.50  3N S +3   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
  490          3.50   0.50  3N N +3   A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Nye-Wagner
  420          2.00   2.00  4 N      A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
         50    1.00   3.00  5 N -1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        100    0.00   4.00  6♣ N -2   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 2 and will end up in 3NT. The opening spade lead will put him on the dummy. Now he has to plan carefully since he has only one more spade stopper. Since the dummy has few entries, he should go after the heart suit--it's so solid he only has to push out the Ace and he has his tricks.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
Pass21Pass22
Pass2NTPass3NT
All pass   
  1. strong, artificial, forcing
  2. waiting

The Bidding: After North opens a Strong 2 Clubs in 2nd seat, East has a choice between passing and overcalling 2. East has a mediocre 5-card spade suit. So overcalling 2 is quite risky. However since North showed a strong hand and has shared no information about shape, interfering has substantial upside. West is a passed hand. So North-South have at least 25 HCP. At tables where East passes, it is common for East to respond 2 Diamonds Waiting . Now North has a choice of rebidding 2 or 2NT. North's has strength in both their doubletons. So rebidding 2NT is reasonable. Jerry Helms recommends against playing Puppet Stayman Over 2NT because of the difficulty when responder is (54) in the majors. Smolen and regular Stayman easily handles these hands. Partnerships with good memories may prefer playing Muppet Stayman which addresses the deficiencies of Puppet Stayman and allows a 5-card major to be shown. If a 5-card major ask is available, rebidding 2NT seems best. Otherwise, rebidding 2 is preferable.

At tables where North rebids 2, South's 3 bid is ambiguous. It could be a club suit, could be temporizing, or could be an artificial 2nd negative. North now has a choice between showing their diamond suit or bidding 3NT. Bidding 3NT has the upside of protecting North's spade holding. However, a diamond slam may be available. The problem with showing hearts and diamonds is that it may be difficult to play in notrump if South has a diamond fit. Rebidding 3NT with North's semi-balanced hand seems best because if protects North's spades and narrowly specifies North's strength. South places the contract in 3NT.

At tables where an aggressive East risks a 2 overcall, it is common to play South's pass as artificial and game forcing. West knows East might have stretched for their 2 overcall, but West cannot resist raising with 4-card support and diamond shortness. If East is the type to overcall 2 with this hand, West should be reluctant to raise to 4. Essentially East-West are agreeing to give up advancing interference aggressively in exchange for interfering more often. As Karen Walker discusses in her Strong 2 Clubs article, North's double of 3 shows a 22+ HCP notrump hand, but doesn't promise a spade stopper. South expects North to have a doubleton spade on this auction. If the doubleton is Kx or AK, it doesn't matter whether North or South declare a 3NT contract. If North Jx or worse, 3NT would be a disaster. If North has Ax, South bidding 3NT would be quite risky. Converting North's double for penalty seems best. If you don't penalize your opponents for overbidding, you are just asking them to interfere in your auctions. It is important to let your opponents know your table is no speeding zone.

The Play in 3NT by North: On a passive lead, declarer has to work for their tricks. Declarer has 6 quick winners. The clubs are blocked and it isn't clear South has an entry. Declarer begins by unblocking the clubs. Declarer leads a low heart towards the Queen. West wins the Ace and exits a spade. Declarer's finesse against the King loses. East clears the spades. Declarer cannot reach dummy to cash the Ace or take the diamond finesse. The Queen falls, but East controls the 4th round of diamonds. Declarer has 10 tricks: 1 + 4 + 3 + 2. An opening spade lead by East gives declarer their 11th trick. Note that if 3NT is wrong sided, a spade lead by West beats 3NT.

The Play in 3X: When your hands are strong and balanced and the opponents sacrifice, it is common to lead a trump to reduce ruffing power. Here North-South have semi-balanced hands. South must navigate a heart ruff or Trump Promotion for the defense to score the 500 point penalty they need. A trump lead allows declarer to escape for -300. Declarer scores 7 tricks: 4 + 1 + 2 ruffs. On a heart lead, the defense can navigate a heart ruff or a Trump Promotion to collect +500 for a top board.



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9 ♠KJ8
J6
QT9875
♣97
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠Q5
T84
AJ62
♣AQJ3
♠AT73
KQ52
3
♣T854
♠9642
A973
K4
♣K62
7
149
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣3 ♦6 ♥4 ♠4 NT4
EW: 4♣ 1 3 3♠ 3NT
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -600 3NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.00   0.00  3N E -1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
   90          3.00   1.00  2 N      A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        120    1.50   2.50  2N W      A3-Graham-Lilly vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
        120    1.50   2.50  1N W +1   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        600    0.00   4.00  3N W      A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Nye-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

If South opens light with 1, West's best bet is 1NT. Double is a bad idea with this shape, especially with only two spades. East will use Stayman and then bid 2NT. North leads the 10, followed with South's K. Mentally crossing his fingers, will West play North for the KJ? He really doesn't want to let South in to continue diamonds. If South does get in, just play the 6 and hope for the best.



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10 ♠8754
K
K82
♣T6542
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠A932
A754
754
♣J7
♠KQ6
JT932
QJ6
♣93
♠JT
Q86
AT93
♣AKQ8
6
99
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 3 1♠ 2NT  ♥5
EW: 2  ♣3 ♦4 ♠6 NT5
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: +130 4♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          4.00   0.00  1N S +2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Nye-Wagner
  120          2.50   1.50  2N S      A3-Graham-Lilly vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
  120          2.50   1.50  1N S +1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
  110          0.50   3.50  1♠ S +1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  110          0.50   3.50  2♣ S +1   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South has a lop-sided looking 1NT opener which looks a lot better when North shows up with those minor suit cards. It's a lucky hand since spades are 4-4 and there's a heart trick to be had. If there's time (there probably won't be), South can duck a diamond trick and enjoy the low percentage 3-3 diamond break.



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11 ♠JT7
J5
6532
♣KQT3
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠9865
T74
JT
♣J865
♠K4
AKQ962
KQ
♣A92
♠AQ32
83
A9874
♣74
7
221
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 3 2♠  ♥5 NT5
EW: 2 1NT  ♣5 ♦4 ♠5
LoTT: 17 - 18 = -1
Par: +100 3*-EW-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          2.50   1.50  4 E -1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
   50          2.50   1.50  3 E -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
   50          2.50   1.50  3 E -1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
   50          2.50   1.50  2 E -1   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        140    0.00   4.00  1 E +2   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A2-Nye-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

With this four loser hand and a great suit, East opens 2. Poor West; he has to keep it open to 2NT or three of a suit, but will pass the first chance he gets. If their agreement is to bid 2 with a bust hand, East will groan and bid 3--one too many as it turns out. North has an easy opening lead in the K. South should play the 4 to discourage if declarer holds up.



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12 ♠94
A43
T765
♣9843
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠QJ63
952
AK8
♣KT6
♠K87
KQJT8
Q4
♣AQ2
♠AT52
76
J932
♣J75
4
1317
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣3 ♦4 ♥2 ♠2 NT2
EW: 4♣ 2 5 4♠ 5NT
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -460 5NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.00   0.00  6N W -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        450    2.50   1.50  4 E +1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
        450    2.50   1.50  4 E +1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A2-Nye-Wagner
        460    1.00   3.00  3N E +2   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        490    0.00   4.00  3N E +3   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East will be pleasantly surprised when partner opens the bidding, but missing two aces is a sad fact which can't be ignored. Most will play the eight card heart fit, but this is a hand which really does play just as well in NT. We play the percentages when we opt for the major.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
1Pass1Pass
1NTPass21Pass
2Pass3Pass
3NTAll pass  
  1. artificial game force

The Bidding: After West opens 1, their Convenient Minor , East's priority is to look for a major suit fit. So East responds 1. It is common to bypass spades with a flat hand. East's 1NT rebid shows a weak notrump hand with 2-3 hearts. If playing a 15-17 1NT range, East knows the partnership has 29-31 HCP. Slam isn't particularly likely. Now that East knows both hands are balanced, should East look for a heart fit? In his "Matchpoints" book, Kit Woolsey advises that playing in your trump fit is better when losers need to be ruffed or when trumps are needed to act as stoppers. East-West's extra strength decreases the likelihood trumps are needed as stoppers or that there are many losers to be ruffed.

It is common to play New Minor Forcing after opener's 1NT rebid. Two-Way New Minor Forcing is easier and better. It is easier because it separates responder's game forcing and invitational sequences. This eliminates opener's need to jump with a maximum. This allows Two-Way New Minor Forcing to provide more choice of game auctions. Playing 2-Way New Minor Forcing , East can easily consult West on the choice of games. East establishes a Game Force with an artificial 2 rebid. West, space efficiently, shows their 3-card heart support. East's 3 bid is forcing and confirms an 8-card or better heart fit. West, with a balanced hand and diamonds and spades well stopped, bids 3NT to offer a choice of games. East is happy to play 3NT.

The Play: There is no need for a trump suit to act as stopper. Declarer doesn't need to ruff losers. In hearts or notrump, declarer has 11 tricks after knocking out the Ace and Ace.

This is just one more deal illustrating why new minor forcing shouldn't be taught or played.



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13 ♠Q72
9
A93
♣KQ9865
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠963
KJT6
KJT52
♣4
♠AJ84
Q53
84
♣AJT7
♠KT5
A8742
Q76
♣32
11
812
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣  ♦5 ♥5 ♠5 NT5
EW: 1 1 1♠ 2NT  ♣5
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: -120 2NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.00   0.00  1N E -1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A2-Nye-Wagner
    PASS       3.00   1.00  Pass Out  A3-Graham-Lilly vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        120    2.00   2.00  2N E      A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        180    1.00   3.00  2N W +2   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        200    0.00   4.00  2 S -2   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A4-Shaw-Whaley

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North will open 1 rather than 3; all East can do is pass. South responds 1 and North now bids 2. If South now bids 2 as New Minor Forcing , West could double this artificial bid. What's North to say? Misfits rarely play well in NT and 3 isn't too appealing, especially vulnerable. If South passes 2, West might balance is diamonds, perhaps leading Easy, who has the best hand at the table, to bid 2NT. Who knows where this one will end up!



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14 ♠A987
A87
K976
♣AJ
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠J62
KT92
Q84
♣986
♠KQ53
QJ65
A2
♣Q43
♠T4
43
JT53
♣KT752
16
614
4
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 4  ♥6 ♠6 NT6
EW:  ♣3 ♦3 ♥6 ♠6 NT5
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +130 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          4.00   0.00  2 W -1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A2-Nye-Wagner
         50    3.00   1.00  3♣ S -1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        110    2.00   2.00  2 W      A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        140    0.50   3.50  2 W +1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
        140    0.50   3.50  2 W +1   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1 and West responds 1: now it's North's turn. With four card support in both unbid suits, he doubles. East raises hearts. South is grateful to pass. 2 will be down -100 at most tables; few will be the N-S pairs who play a minor suit partial.



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15 ♠A42
QJ94
Q96
♣842
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠3
AK75
T87542
♣AJ
♠QJT765
T63
K
♣T76
♠K98
82
AJ3
♣KQ953
9
126
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 1 2NT  ♥6 ♠5
EW: 2/1♠  ♣4 ♦6 ♥6 NT4
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: +100 3♠*-E-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  120          4.00   0.00  1N S +1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        110    3.00   1.00  2♠ E      A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A2-Nye-Wagner
        200    2.00   2.00  3♣ S -2   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
        300    1.00   3.00  3♣ S -3   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        400    0.00   4.00  1N N -4   A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1. Will West justify 1 because he has an opening hand? It's an awful suit. Either way North bids hearts. Will East get in on the act with this spade suit? It's risky. Spades by East would silence South who has no heart support. The risk of bidding 2 is that partner may rebid diamonds, not a happy prospect.



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16 ♠K743
AT8
K9
♣KJT7
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠AJ
KQJ94
QT87
♣86
♠QT9865
6
A5
♣AQ94
♠2
7532
J6432
♣532
14
1312
1
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦4 ♥2 ♠2 NT2
EW: 2♣ 3 4 3/4♠ 3/4NT
LoTT: 14 - 15 = -1
Par: -630 4NT-W
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        140    4.00   0.00  2♠ E +1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        170    3.00   1.00  1♠ E +3   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        200    2.00   2.00  2♠ E +3   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A2-Nye-Wagner
        600    1.00   3.00  3N E      A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
        620    0.00   4.00  4♠ E      A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens spades and will prevail with his long suit. The bad break is inconsequential because the declaring side has all the spots. Set up the hearts before drawing trump to shag some club losers and this hand will play well. Remember to ask the question, is there anything I need to do before I draw trump.



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17 ♠A7542
7
98642
♣54
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠QT3
Q82
AKJ75
♣J9
♠J98
5
Q3
♣KQT8632
♠K6
AKJT9643
T
♣A7
4
138
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4 1♠  ♣5 ♦6 NT5
EW: 2♣  ♦6 ♥3 ♠6 NT5
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: +420 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  420          3.50   0.50  4 S      A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
  420          3.50   0.50  4 S      A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
         50    2.00   2.00  5 S -1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        100    0.50   3.50  6 S -2   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A2-Nye-Wagner
        100    0.50   3.50  5* S -1  A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 3 and South has a good 4 call opposite a passed partner. Will West go quietly? He has a lot of losers to dare to saddle partner with a five level contract on equal vulnerability. Now, if N-S were vulnerable...



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18 ♠KJ
KT83
T832
♣654
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠AT94
Q74
4
♣KJ987
♠865
A962
A975
♣AT
♠Q732
J5
KQJ6
♣Q32
7
1012
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦6 ♥3 ♠4 NT4
EW: 3♣ 1 4 3♠ 2NT
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: -420 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.00   0.00  1N E -2   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
   50          2.50   1.50  3N E -1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A2-Nye-Wagner
   50          2.50   1.50  2N E -1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
    PASS       1.00   3.00  Pass Out  A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
        180    0.00   4.00  2N W +2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East has what anyone might call an ugly 1 opener, but no one should pass three quick tricks. West bids 1 and East rebids 1NT, which will likely buy the hand. The clubs come in mighty handy when South has the Queen. Nice of diamonds to break, too. Often East's diamond holding would produce two stoppers--not this time.



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19 ♠A97
Q973
7
♣QT854
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠QJT
AT852
A3
♣632
♠K542
KJ64
J86
♣AJ
♠863
-
KQT9542
♣K97
8
1113
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 2  ♥3 ♠4 NT5
EW: 3 2♠ 2NT  ♣5 ♦4
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          4.00   0.00  3 S      A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
         50    2.50   1.50  3 S -1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A2-Nye-Wagner
         50    2.50   1.50  3 S -1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        100    1.00   3.00  5 S -2   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
        170    0.00   4.00  3 W +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
20 ♠T852
85
KT53
♣754
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠KJ
742
982
♣KQ982
♠Q963
JT3
J64
♣A63
♠A74
AKQ96
AQ7
♣JT
3
98
20
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 4 4 2♠ 2NT
EW:  ♣6 ♦3 ♥3 ♠4 NT3
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: +620 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  620          4.00   0.00  4 S      A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
  170          3.00   1.00  1 S +3   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A2-Nye-Wagner
  140          2.00   2.00  2 S +1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
  110          1.00   3.00  1 S +1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        200    0.00   4.00  4♠ S -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
21 ♠3
K52
AJ82
♣Q8762
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠AJT5
QT8
QT3
♣K93
♠Q86
J9643
K74
♣T4
♠K9742
A7
965
♣AJ5
10
126
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3/4♣ 2/3 -/1♠ 1NT
       ♥5 ♠6/7
EW: 1/2  ♣3 ♦4 ♠6 NT5
LoTT: 18 - 16 = +2
Par: +130 4♣-N
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          3.50   0.50  3 S      A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
  110          3.50   0.50  2♣ N +1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
   90          2.00   2.00  2♣ N      A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        100    0.50   3.50  2♠ S -1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A2-Nye-Wagner
        100    0.50   3.50  3♣ N -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
22 ♠AJ
J65
QT85
♣KQJ5
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠T974
KQ2
K742
♣A4
♠KQ6
T87
A963
♣T97
♠8532
A943
J
♣8632
14
129
5
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣  ♦5 ♥6 ♠5 NT5
EW: 2 2♠ 2NT  ♣6 ♥6
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -120 2NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
         50    4.00   0.00  2N N -1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
         90    2.50   1.50  1N E      A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A2-Nye-Wagner
         90    2.50   1.50  1 W +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
        110    1.00   3.00  2 E +1   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        120    0.00   4.00  1N E +1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
23 ♠AKT
KQT
K9832
♣74
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠J84
J32
Q54
♣KJ62
♠953
A6
J7
♣QT9853
♠Q762
98754
AT6
♣A
15
87
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 5 5 5♠ 1NT
EW:  ♣6 ♦2 ♥2 ♠2 NT2
LoTT: 17 - 18 = -1
Par: +650 5♠-NS/5-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  650          4.00   0.00  4 N +1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A2-Nye-Wagner
  630          3.00   1.00  3N N +1   A3-Graham-Lilly vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        100    1.50   2.50  3N N -1   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        100    1.50   2.50  3N N -1   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        200    0.00   4.00  3N N -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
24 ♠AKJ
AJ542
A982
♣T
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠8543
Q98
J7
♣Q932
♠T972
K6
KQT4
♣AJ7
♠Q6
T73
653
♣K8654
17
513
5
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 2 2 2NT  ♠6
EW: 1♠  ♣6 ♦5 ♥4 NT5
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: +120 2NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  140          3.00   1.00  3 N      A3-Graham-Lilly vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
  140          3.00   1.00  3 N      A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  140          3.00   1.00  2 N +1   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
  110          1.00   3.00  2 N      A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Shaw-Whaley
         50    0.00   4.00  3 N -1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A2-Nye-Wagner
25 ♠J5
J97
Q984
♣KJ72
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠84
KT654
A752
♣93
♠A763
AQ83
KT
♣AT5
♠KQT92
2
J63
♣Q864
8
717
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣  ♦4 ♥3 ♠6 NT4
EW: 2 4 1♠ 3NT  ♣6
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -620 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        150    4.00   0.00  2N E +1   A1-Triolo-Robbins vs A2-Nye-Wagner
        170    3.00   1.00  2 E +2   A4-Offerman-McAdams vs A3-Mills-Shaffer
        200    2.00   2.00  2 E +3   A5-Conn-Nielsen vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        600    1.00   3.00  3N E      A3-Graham-Lilly vs A1-Petroff-Rockefeller
        620    0.00   4.00  4 E      A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Shaw-Whaley