- Monday Aft - August 5, 2019

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Field strength:  Mean: 1155 MP  Geomean: 653 MP
(based on 19 players, 1 non ACBL player ignored)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Anne Conn - Louise Shaffer 61.00 1st OA 2.19
Deborah Triolo - Mark Robbins 60.50 2nd OA 1.64
Anne Cline - Donald Cline 59.50 3rd OA 1.23
Arline Benzien - JoAnn Bowen 52.00 4th OA 0.92
Carol Lilly - Tee Downard 49.00 2nd OB 0.78
EVENT>Open Club Championship   |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> A N-S
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>August 5, 2019     |CLUB NO.>127100    | 08/05/2019 15:46
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Chris Gillmon   |RATING>Club Championship (100%, 80%, 80% Open)|MOVEMENT>MITCHELL
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>   50.0 |TOP>   4 |MP LIMITS>None/1000/300  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=5/B=3/C=2                       ,---,-----------------,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |      Overall    |           Section       |      |Final    |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 JoAnn Bowen            Arline Benzien           A   4     .     .   |   2     .     .     52.00  52.00  0.92(OA)
 2 Richard Wagner         Gwen Wagner              C   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     48.50  48.50
 3 Joan Glenn             Elaine McAdams           B   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     40.00  40.00
 4 Tee Downard            Carol Lilly              C   .     2     .   |   .     1     .     49.00  49.00  0.78(OB)
 5 Mark Robbins           Deborah Triolo           A   2     .     .   |   1     .     .     60.50  60.50  1.64(OA)
                                          Totals                                            250.00

EVENT>Open Club Championship   |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> A E-W
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
AVE>   50.0 |TOP>   4 |MP LIMITS>None/1000/300  |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=5/B=3/C=2                       ,---,-----------------,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |      Overall    |           Section       |      |Final    |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Irene Petroff          Nita Whaley              C   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     38.50  38.50
 2 Anne Conn              Louise Shaffer           B   1     1     .   |   1     1     .     61.00  61.00  2.19(OA)
 3 Ginny Rockefeller      Mary Jane Graham         C   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     48.00  48.00
 4 Anne Cline             Donald Cline             A   3     .     .   |   2     .     .     59.50  59.50  1.23(OA)
 5 Ron Saltis             Mike Pemberton           A   .     .     .   |   .     .     .     43.00  43.00
                                          Totals                                            250.00

Hands and Results
1 ♠J2
A652
AJ
♣J8643
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠AKQT73
Q7
4
♣K952
♠854
K43
KT9762
♣T
♠96
JT98
Q853
♣AQ7
11
146
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 1  ♦5 ♠3 NT5
EW: 2 4♠ 1NT  ♣6 ♥5
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        140    4.00   0.00  3♠ W      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
        150    3.00   1.00  4♣ N -3   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
        170    1.50   2.50  3♠ W +1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
        170    1.50   2.50  2♠ W +2   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A4-Cline-Cline
        450    0.00   4.00  4♠ W +1   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

After three passes, West opens not 1 but 2 to show a n opening hand and a good six card suit. Even counting his hand for nine because of the singleton, East is unlikely to bid 3. The hand works for game in this case (with careful club play to ruff losers), but it's not a wise choice to contract for game.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 PassPass1
1Dbl23
4All pass  

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1-2, 5-6, and 9.

The Bidding: North's hand meets the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 for a 1st or 2nd seat opener. North's honor doubletons and poor texture merit downgrades. Jacks don't carry their full 1 HCP value. Passing seems best. At tables where North passes as dealer, East has a choice between passing and opening a Weak Two Diamonds . In his "Better Preempts IV: Preempts by Seat Position (part 1)" article, Andrew Gumperz advises 2nd seat preempts should be more disciplined because dealer's pass decreases the likelihood the opponents have a game. Andrew recommends 2nd seat preempts show "good suits, but not solid, with possibly an outside card." Here, East's diamonds are mediocre. East has support for both majors. Passing seems best. After South passes, West opens 1. East has a Constructive Raise to 2. If playing Constructive Raises , West will bid 4 with 18 Support Points. If 2 could be less than constructive, West will make a Game Try. As Steve Robinson's "Game Tries" article discusses, game try which ask where help is available are better than Game Tries which disclose where help is needed. Either way, East-West reach 4. South may open in 3rd seat to force East-West to use their defensive bidding agreements. Opening 1 is lead directional. Opening 1 is standard with South's distribution. As shown in the above auction, a 3rd seat opening by South shouldn't deter East-West from reaching 4.

At tables where North doesn't downgrade their hand and opens 1, East preempts 2. In his "Better Preempts: What is the upside?" article, Andrew Gumperz advises preempting aggressively after a 1 or 1 opening because "The opening call means the hand likely belongs to the opponents, and at the same time, opener's hand is wildly undefined." South has a choice between passing and making a Negative Double . A Negative Double asking opener to bid at the 2-level or higher shows at least 8 or 9 points and more than one place to play. South's Qxxx is of questionable value. If North doesn't have hearts, where will North-South land after a Negative Double ? Both 2NT and 3 are risky. Passing seems best. West advance to 2 is natural. Whether it is forcing or not depends on partnership agreements. Here, East's club singleton gives East 9 Support Points for spades. To show their spade support, East can cue bid 3, raise to 3 or 4, or Splinter in clubs. East's Kings are behind the opener, but East's shortness is not quite as valuable with just 3 spades. East is to strong for a raise to 3. Forcing to game with a Splinter or a jump to 4 is reasonable if the advance to 2 was forcing. If non-forcing, West might simply have been trying to improve the contract. A 3 cue bid to invite game seems best. South is likely to double the cue bid to request a club lead. Here, that turns out poorly because West will upgrade their King and bid game.

The Play: A club lead makes it easy for declarer to score 10 tricks: 6 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 ruff. A trump lead is best for the defense. However, declarer can take the same tricks as long as they take lobbing finesses towards the King and the King.



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2 ♠KJ6
AJT92
J742
♣A
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠T9532
3
53
♣QJT42
♠AQ7
Q65
Q86
♣8763
♠84
K874
AKT9
♣K95
14
310
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 6/5 5 5NT  ♣6 ♠6
EW: 1♣ 1♠  ♦1 ♥2 NT2
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: +1100 6♠*-EW-5
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  650          2.50   1.50  4 N +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  650          2.50   1.50  4 N +1   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
  650          2.50   1.50  4 N +1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
  650          2.50   1.50  4 N +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A4-Cline-Cline
  620          0.00   4.00  4 N      A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1 and then raises hearts. Playing the heart game, North is lucky to find the Q on side, but will still have two spade losers. Still, the two-way heart finesse is often taken the wrong way, and the "8 ever 9 never" folk will also lose a trump trick. East's spade holding is such that the "other major" lead shouldn't appeal.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  Pass1
Pass1Pass2
Pass4All pass 

The Bidding: After South opens 1, West is likely to pass. West expects North-South to have a game or more. East-West might have a profitable sacrifice at favorable vulnerability, but few partnerships have an easy way to show spades and clubs. North's priority is to look for a major suit fit. After North responds 1, South's raise to 2 shows a minimum opener with heart support. In his "1m-1M: Now What?" article, Steve Weinstein discusses why he likes to raise responder's major with 3-card support and shortness or a small doubleton. That style requires methods to confirm an 8-card fit. Steve Weinstein shares an artificial, but simple step response structure, often called Spiral Raises . The flaw of the simple, artificial structure is that it leaves responder guessing when opener shows 3-card support. Opener must have shortness or a small doubleton, but responder doesn't know which suit. It is far better to play natural continuations or play Dutch Spiral as recommended by Jan Jansma.

Here, North has 5 hearts. North's 17 Support Points merit a bit of a downgrade for the singleton Ace. The Ace would be far more valuable in support of diamonds or spades. North's Losing Trick Count of 7 suggests placing the contract in 4. North's 4 bid ends the auction.

The Play: East doesn't want to lead a red suit for declarer. East doesn't want to lead from the spade Tenace . So East leads a club. Declarer has a quick spade loser and a second potential spade loser. Declarer has a potential loser in each of the red suits. The "8 Ever, 9 Never" adage suggests declarer play for the drop. If West showed their shape, the Vacant Spaces principle advises declarer to cash the Ace to guard against a singleton Queen and then finesse against East. Declarer will finesse against East for the Queen. Declarer can guard against a singleton Queen by cashing a high diamond before taking the finesse. Declarer hopes to avoid a second spade loser by taking a lobbing finesse towards the King or finessing against West for the Queen. Here, neither works. With the Queen onside, declarer doesn't have a diamond loser. Declarer will score 10 or 11 depending on the play in hearts.



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3 ♠3
T6
AK762
♣QJT96
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠AKJ74
J98
Q4
♣754
♠865
AK543
JT983
♣-
♠QT92
Q72
5
♣AK832
10
118
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 1 -/1NT
       ♥3 ♠4 NT6/7
EW: 4 3♠  ♣3 ♦6 NT5
LoTT: 20 - 18 = +2
Par: -100 5♣*-NS-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  130          4.00   0.00  4♣ S      A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
         50    2.00   2.00  5♣ S -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
         50    2.00   2.00  5♣ S -1   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
         50    2.00   2.00  4♣ S -1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
        730    0.00   4.00  3♠* W     A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A4-Cline-Cline

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Will South eke out a 1 bid with support for both majors? That will lead to a wild auction at some tables. West bids 1--how many clubs will North bid now? East is more likely to raise spades than to show her hearts. No matter: North won't defend below the six level.



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4 ♠K982
A7
K43
♣K963
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠AQT
K93
A8652
♣T5
♠7643
JT865
T
♣J87
♠J5
Q42
QJ97
♣AQ42
13
132
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 2/3 1♠ 3NT  ♥6
EW: 1  ♣2 ♦4 ♠5 NT3
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +600 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  180          4.00   0.00  2N S +2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  150          3.00   1.00  1N S +2   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  130          2.00   2.00  3♣ S +1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
  100          1.00   3.00  1N W -1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A4-Cline-Cline
        200    0.00   4.00  4♣ S -2   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1 and will feel unlucky if neither opponent chooses to bid. But South should be loath to pass it out; her best bet is a balancing 1NT--which North will surprise her by taking it to game. Hands are easier to play when the bidding has told you the location of the opponents' points.



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5 ♠AKT3
AT9
96
♣AJ93
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠75
QJ52
Q52
♣KT82
♠QJ9642
843
T8
♣65
♠8
K76
AKJ743
♣Q74
16
83
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5/6♣ 6 5 3/2♠ 6NT
EW:  ♣1 ♦1 ♥2 ♠4 NT1
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +1440 6NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  660          3.50   0.50  3N N +2   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
  660          3.50   0.50  3N N +2   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A4-Cline-Cline
  170          2.00   2.00  3 S +3   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  150          1.00   3.00  4 S +1   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        100    0.00   4.00  6N N -1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A2-Conn-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1NT and ends up in the NT game. To make a lot of tricks, you have to finesse clubs three times, picking up the K, the 10 and the 8 in the West hand. Realistically, who will do that, even if it's obvious when you can see all four hands.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 1NTPass2NT1
Pass32Pass33
Pass3NTAll pass 
  1. artificial, showing diamonds
  2. would not accept a game try in diamonds
  3. game forcing with spade shortness

The Bidding: After North opens a strong notrump, East isn't eager to preempt with a weak 6-card spade suit. South has game forcing values, but isn't sure of the right strain. South has mild slam interest. Methods vary by partnership agreement. Playing Four-suit transfers , South bids an artificial 2NT to show diamonds. Since responder may have invitational values, it is important for North to disclose whether they would accept a game try in diamonds. A common agreement is for opener to accept the transfer if they would a game try. Here, North wouldn't accept the game try. So they bid an artificial 3. Some partnerships reverse that treatment. Here, South has game forcing values. A common agreement is for a 3 or 3 rebid to show shortness and game forcing values. North, with spades well stopped and just a small doubleton diamond, places the contract in 3NT. South doesn't make a slam move after learning North has values opposite their shortness.

The Play in 3NT: East's standard lead is the Queen, top of an honor sequence. Declarer has 7 quick winners. There are several ways declarer might score 12 tricks. So declarer isn't eager to Hold Up . Cashing a high diamond and then finessing against East for the Queen provides a 34% chance for 6 tricks and an 88% for 5 tricks. Leading a low club towards the AJ93 offers a 73% chance for 3 club tricks if the Jack is played. Playing the 9 offers just a 68% chance for 3 tricks, but has a slightly higher trick taking expectation. A losing diamond finesse allows the Dangerous Opponent to gain the lead. So declarer prefers to cross with a diamond and take the club finesse. If declarer plays a club to the 9, the 9 wins. Declarer takes the losing diamond finesse, but that is the only trick the defense takes. Declarer has 12 tricks: 2 + 2 + 5 + 3.

At tables where declarer plays the Jack on the first round of clubs, declarer takes a losing diamond finesse and wins the spade continuation. At this point, declarer has 11 tricks: 2 + 2 + 5 + 2. Declarer hopes to score their 12th trick on a Squeeze . To clarify the end position, declarer cashes the Ace. Declarer crosses with a heart and runs the diamonds. Declarer reaches a 2-card ending. Declarer holds Ace-Ten. Dummy holds 7 Queen. West is Squeezed . They cannot keep their Queen and their Queen-Jack. Declarer scores 12 tricks.



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6 ♠KQ
T832
T654
♣KQ2
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠72
J6
AKQ98
♣AT87
♠AJ653
AK7
72
♣J43
♠T984
Q954
J3
♣965
10
1413
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣3 ♦3 ♥6 ♠3 NT3
EW: 4♣ 3 1 4♠ 3NT
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: -620 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        600    2.50   1.50  3N W      A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A4-Cline-Cline
        600    2.50   1.50  3N E      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        600    2.50   1.50  3N E      A4-Downard-Lilly vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
        600    2.50   1.50  3N E      A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
        630    0.00   4.00  3N E +1   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A2-Conn-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East-West will play their near misfit in 3NT. It's a somewhat unlucky hand when diamonds are 4-2 and both club honors are off side. And then there are all those spade spots. Just be grateful to count to nine" a spade, two hearts, four diamonds and two clubs.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  1Pass
2Pass2NTPass
3Pass3NTAll pass

The Bidding: After East opens 1, West's 2 response is a Two Over One Game Force . For partnerships using a 2 response to show a Game Force with clubs or a balanced Game Force, West's 2 response shows 5+ diamonds. East's rebid depends on the partnership's 2/1 Style . If playing the Bergen style, East shows their shape with a 2NT rebid. One of the weaknesses of the Bergen style is the 2NT rebid says nothing about stoppers. West has only a partial heart stopper. West knows North-South have least an 8 or 9 card heart fit. West could bid 3NT and take their chances. Alternativiely, West might take a collaborative approach and bid 3. Here, West has 4 clubs, but West might have bid 3 with a fragment to probe whether 3NT is viable. East, with hearts well stopped, places the contract in 3NT.

At tables where East-West play the Lawrence 2/1 style, a 2NT rebid shows stoppers in the unbid suits. East, with just a partial club stopper, uses the default 2 rebid. One of the weaknesses of the Lawrence style is West doesn't know whether East has extra spade length. West's 3 rebid is either natural or a notrump probe. East, with hearts well stopped, places the contract in 3NT.

The Play: A heart lead allows declarer to score a 3rd heart trick. After a heart lead, declarer has 8 quick winners. Declarer has a 38% chance for 2 additional diamond winners, and a 94% chance for 1 additional diamond trick. Double finessing South for K9(xx) or Q9(xx) offers a 38% chance for 2 additional club tricks. Leading a spade towards the Jack offers a 47% chance for 2 additional spade tricks. Going after the spades is the percentage play. Here, spades cooperate and provide 2 additional tricks.

A club lead is the most difficult for declarer. East wins and can switch to a heart. Declarer ducks. South's Queen wins. South continues hearts. At this points, the defense has scored a club and a heart. The defense will establish a 2nd heart winner the next they gain lead. So declarer cannot afford to lose the lead twice. Clubs and diamonds both offer a 38% chance for 2 additional tricks without giving up the lead. Here, neither minor cooperates. A declarer who could see through the backs of the cards would score 9 tricks via a Squeeze or an end play.



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7 ♠KT65
JT42
KJ97
♣K
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠A9742
97
A6
♣T986
♠J3
A85
T843
♣J753
♠Q8
KQ63
Q52
♣AQ42
11
86
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 3 3 2♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣4 ♦3/4 ♥3 ♠5 NT3
LoTT: 13 - 16 = -3
Par: +600 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  620          2.00   2.00  4 S      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  620          2.00   2.00  4 S      A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
  620          2.00   2.00  4 S      A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A4-Cline-Cline
  620          2.00   2.00  4 S      A4-Downard-Lilly vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  620          2.00   2.00  4 S      A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1NT and ends up declarer in four hearts. It's unusual to lead a doubleton when you have only two trump--added to this the fact that West knows East can't have many points. Is it reasonable to think West has the A or the K? On the more popular 10 lead, South has two pitches and will only lose the three missing aces.



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8 ♠AK64
QJT
KT
♣KJT7
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠Q
7642
AQJ87
♣Q54
♠J
AK3
9432
♣A9632
♠T987532
985
65
♣8
17
1112
0
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♠ 2NT  ♣5 ♦4 ♥5
EW: 2♣ 3 2  ♠4 NT4
LoTT: 18 - 20 = -2
Par: +100 4*-EW-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  420          4.00   0.00  4♠ N      A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
  200          3.00   1.00  3♠ S +2   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  140          2.00   2.00  2♠ N +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
         50    0.50   3.50  4♠ N -1   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A4-Cline-Cline
         50    0.50   3.50  4♠ N -1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1NT and will declare in spades. Even if North "super accepts," South is unlikely to bid game with zero HCP. He knows the opponents actually have 23-25 points themselves.



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9 ♠KJ753
KJ72
A
♣T63
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠Q
QT54
T86
♣KQJ42
♠T92
A83
KQ75
♣875
♠A864
96
J9432
♣A9
12
109
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 1 4♠ 2NT  ♣5
EW:  ♣6 ♦5 ♥6 ♠2/3 NT5
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: +420 4♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  420          4.00   0.00  4♠ N      A4-Downard-Lilly vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  170          2.50   1.50  3♠ N +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
  170          2.50   1.50  2♠ N +2   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
  140          0.50   3.50  3♠ N      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  140          0.50   3.50  3♠ N      A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A4-Cline-Cline

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1, South makes a limit raise showing four card support, and North has to decide whether or not to go on. Most will pass, though the hand plays well when West has the Q. Would you want to bet on that?



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 1Pass3
Pass4All pass 

The Bidding: After North opens 1, East has nothing to say. South's jump to 3 shows an invitational hand with 4 or more spades. North's Losing Trick Count of 7 suggests declining the invitation. North's 15 Support Points suggest accepting the invitation. North's Ace would be more valuable supporting a suit with length. At most tables, North will reasonably accept the invitation. The auction ends at 4.

The Play: East's standard lead is the King, top of an honor sequence. Declarer wins their singleton Ace. Declarer has 2 potential club losers, 4 potential heart losers, and 2 potential spade losers. Finessing may provide declarer with 1 or 2 heart winners. Declarer plans to ruff hearts in the short hand. Declarer plans to ruff one of their club losers in the short hand. Declarer postpones drawing trump because they want to ruff in the short hand. The defense will have 2 chances to lead trump. So declarer cannot expect to ruff 2 hearts and 1 club. To score 10 tricks, declarer will need to develop a heart winner and bring home the spade suit without a loser.

At tables where declarer takes a lobbing finesse to the King, East covers with the Ace. Now East can exit a low spade. East's 10-9 prevent declarer from ruffing their 4th heart. Declarer is down 1. At tables where declarer finesses against the Queen, declarer's King provides their 10th trick. Since the Ace will drop on the third round, ducking 2 rounds of hearts and ruffing a heart also works.



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10 ♠KJT942
K8
74
♣KQ4
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠3
T97642
K98
♣932
♠AQ87
A53
AT65
♣75
♠65
QJ
QJ32
♣AJT86
12
314
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 1♠  ♦5 ♥3 NT6
EW: 2 4 1NT  ♣5 ♠5
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: -620 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          4.00   0.00  2N E -3   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
  120          3.00   1.00  2N S      A4-Downard-Lilly vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  110          2.00   2.00  2♠ N      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        100    0.50   3.50  2♠ N -1   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
        100    0.50   3.50  2♠ N -1   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A4-Cline-Cline

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1. Will South overcall 2 (he's a bit light). If both South and West pass, North will bid spades--not too happily. However, West might argue that her had is worth six support points and respond 1 anyway. That will really pay off this time! Missing an Ace and the KQJ of trump is no time to bid game, however.



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11 ♠2
QJT987
AK3
♣T85
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠JT987543
A6
J8
♣6
♠KQ
K52
QT972
♣AK3
♠A6
43
654
♣QJ9742
10
617
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 1  ♦4 ♠2 NT3
EW: 2 4♠  ♣5 ♥6 NT6
LoTT: 18 - 19 = -1
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        420    4.00   0.00  4♠ W      A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
        450    1.50   2.50  4♠ W +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Cline-Cline
        450    1.50   2.50  4♠ W +1   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
        450    1.50   2.50  4♠ W +1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        450    1.50   2.50  4♠ W +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A2-Conn-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West may elect to pass initially with this poor suit. In third seat then, North might venture 2. East simply bids 2NT instead of the 1NT he'd planned to open. West comes to life knowing that they have a 10 card spade fit and gets to the spade game by whatever methods they prefer. North may start with the A, but will he continue when he sees the diamonds on the board? Any switch and the second diamond loser will "go away" on a high club.



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12 ♠A9
A9543
JT5
♣T73
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠QJT542
6
AQ9
♣K52
♠K87
7
876432
♣AJ8
♠63
KQJT82
K
♣Q964
9
128
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 3 1NT  ♦3 ♠3
EW: 4/3 4♠  ♣4 ♥4 NT6
LoTT: 19 - 20 = -1
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        170    3.50   0.50  3♠ W +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Cline-Cline
        170    3.50   0.50  2♠ W +2   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
        200    2.00   2.00  5 N -2   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        300    1.00   3.00  5 S -3   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
        420    0.00   4.00  4♠ W      A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A1-Petroff-Whaley

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West bids 1, raised to 2 by East. Surely with this great suit South will try 3 and West will bid 3. North bids 4 on length and East raises spades to game. Now N-S must be cognizant of the unfavorable vulnerability--down two doubled is worth more than the E-W game.



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13 ♠KQ7
Q6
T7
♣AKJT43
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠53
AJ975
AJ652
♣6
♠AJT
K32
Q8
♣Q9875
♠98642
T84
K943
♣2
15
1012
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5 ♦3 ♥3 ♠5 NT3
EW: 2♣ 4 4 2♠ 4NT
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -630 4NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        100    4.00   0.00  3♣ N -1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        200    3.00   1.00  2♠ S -2   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
        300    1.50   2.50  3♠ S -3   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Cline-Cline
        300    1.50   2.50  3♠ S -3   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
        400    0.00   4.00  3♣ N -4   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1 which passes to West. West's jump to 2NT here shows the two lower unbid suits, and East happily chooses hearts. It's dangerous to try NT, knowing partner has 10 red cards but probably isn't very strong.



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14 ♠K6
AJ73
4
♣AJT963
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠JT542
KT4
T92
♣42
♠973
62
KJ765
♣Q85
♠AQ8
Q985
AQ83
♣K7
13
46
17
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 7♣ 4 7 5♠ 7NT
EW:  ♣0 ♦3 ♥0 ♠2 NT0
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +1520 7NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  480          2.00   2.00  5 S +1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  480          2.00   2.00  4 S +2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Cline-Cline
  480          2.00   2.00  4 S +2   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  480          2.00   2.00  4 S +2   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
  480          2.00   2.00  4 S +2   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A2-Conn-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1NT. North has the sort of good hand where he can relay to clubs and then bid his hearts to show a big hand. When he hears that here is a heart fit, North revalues his hand and goes for slam. Missing a key card (the K), he can't bid a grand slam. Nice of it to be on side for the overtrick. Do not take the club finesse; just ruff out the club Queen.



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15 ♠98762
QT
AJ63
♣AK
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠KJT4
AKJ63
K5
♣54
♠5
942
Q92
♣JT8632
♠AQ3
875
T874
♣Q97
14
153
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 1♠  ♣5 ♥4/5 NT6
EW: 2♣ 2 -/1NT
       ♦5 ♠6 NT6/7
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -110 2-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          4.00   0.00  2 E -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Cline-Cline
        200    2.00   2.00  3♠ N -2   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        200    2.00   2.00  2♠ N -2   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
        200    2.00   2.00  2♠ N -2   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
        430    0.00   4.00  3N W +1   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West has 15 HCP, but this is no hand for 1NT with nine cards in the majors. Open 1. Will North bid 1? He has the points but his suit is awfully weak. If North passes, this hand is likely to pass out.



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16 ♠J43
J7532
KJ42
♣6
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠T
KT864
Q853
♣543
♠K962
9
AT97
♣AKQ7
♠AQ875
AQ
6
♣JT982
6
516
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♠ 1/-NT
       ♣6 ♦4 ♥6 NT7/6
EW: 1♣ 2  ♥6 ♠5 NT6
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +110 2♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          4.00   0.00  4 E -3   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  200          3.00   1.00  2N E -2   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  110          2.00   2.00  2♠ S      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
        110    1.00   3.00  2 E +1   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
        150    0.00   4.00  3♠ S -3   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A4-Cline-Cline

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1 (the higher of the two four card minors). South bids 1. West is really too weak to double, though he might eke out 2. North should surely bid 2. Vulnerable, East might let it go, though it's awfully tempting to bid again.



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17 ♠QT65
QJ
AQ942
♣62
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠K9872
T8
J53
♣953
♠J
K9432
K86
♣QJT8
♠A43
A765
T7
♣AK74
11
410
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 5 2 4♠ 4NT
EW:  ♣4 ♦2 ♥5 ♠3 NT2
LoTT: 16 - 14 = +2
Par: +430 4NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  460          4.00   0.00  3N S +2   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  430          3.00   1.00  3N S +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  170          2.00   2.00  3♠ N +1   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
  120          1.00   3.00  1N S +1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A4-Cline-Cline
        100    0.00   4.00  3N S -2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Whether or not North squeezes out a Rule of 20 1 opener, South will end up in 3NT. West is likely to lead a spade, giving declarer three spade winners if he remembers second hand low and doesn't spend two spade honors to win the first trick.



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18 ♠J76
AK4
A62
♣A432
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠KQ983
62
94
♣KQT9
♠AT52
JT83
QJ73
♣7
♠4
Q975
KT85
♣J865
16
108
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 2 2  ♠5 NT6
EW: 2♠  ♣5 ♦4 ♥4 NT6
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: -110 2♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          4.00   0.00  4 E -3   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  120          3.00   1.00  1N N +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
   90          2.00   2.00  1N N      A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
        140    1.00   3.00  3♠ W      A4-Downard-Lilly vs A4-Cline-Cline
        400    0.00   4.00  5♣ N -4   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A2-Conn-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

What West will resist 1 in third seat? Tat gives North pause since he had planned to open 1NT but has no spade stopper. So he doubles and South will prefer the major to the minor, even though diamonds are a better suit. Repeated spade leads will be a real aggravation to South--just discard minor suit losers instead of ruffing.



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19 ♠Q85
962
AKQJ3
♣K7
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠J43
Q853
T75
♣T53
♠AT762
K74
2
♣J982
♠K9
AJT
9864
♣AQ64
15
38
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 5 3 2♠ 5NT
EW:  ♣3 ♦2 ♥4 ♠5 NT2
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: +460 5NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  460          3.50   0.50  3N N +2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
  460          3.50   0.50  3N N +2   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  400          2.00   2.00  5 N      A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
  150          1.00   3.00  4 N +1   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
         50    0.00   4.00  6 S -1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A4-Cline-Cline
20 ♠J5
AJ953
A83
♣742
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠AK8762
QT7
Q
♣T63
♠Q9
K8
K9742
♣AJ95
♠T43
642
JT65
♣KQ8
10
1113
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦5 ♥6 ♠3 NT4
EW: 3♣ 1 3♠ 3NT  ♥6
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -600 3NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.00   0.00  4♠ W -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
        170    3.00   1.00  2♠ W +2   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A4-Cline-Cline
        620    1.50   2.50  4♠ W      A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
        620    1.50   2.50  4♠ W      A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
        630    0.00   4.00  3N E +1   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
21 ♠K87654
2
T74
♣Q98
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠2
A753
K853
♣JT74
♠AT9
T6
AQ62
♣K632
♠QJ3
KQJ984
J9
♣A5
5
813
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♠  ♣3 ♦3 ♥6 NT6
EW: 4♣ 3 1 1NT  ♠5
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -130 4♣-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  110          4.00   0.00  2 S      A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
   50          3.00   1.00  3 E -1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
        110    2.00   2.00  3 E      A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A4-Cline-Cline
        130    0.50   3.50  3 E +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
        130    0.50   3.50  3 E +1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
22 ♠KQ
KJ87
AKT84
♣QT
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠A753
AT9432
6
♣97
♠9862
6
J97
♣AJ843
♠JT4
Q5
Q532
♣K652
18
86
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 3 1 3NT  ♠6
EW: 1♠  ♣6 ♦3 ♥6 NT3
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: +400 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  430          4.00   0.00  3N N +1   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
  180          3.00   1.00  2N N +2   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
  150          2.00   2.00  2N N +1   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A4-Cline-Cline
  130          1.00   3.00  2 N +2   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  110          0.00   4.00  3 N      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
23 ♠AJ75
QT
Q853
♣AKJ
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠K93
J764
96
♣Q854
♠T6
AK98
KJ42
♣T63
♠Q842
532
AT7
♣972
17
611
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 3♠ 2NT  ♣6 ♥6
EW: 1♣ 1  ♦5 ♠4 NT5
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +140 3♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  120          3.50   0.50  1N N +1   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
  120          3.50   0.50  1N N +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
   90          2.00   2.00  1N N      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
        100    0.50   3.50  1N N -1   A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A4-Cline-Cline
        100    0.50   3.50  4♠ N -1   A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
24 ♠KJ98
AJ2
K3
♣K764
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠A763
976
985
♣J32
♠Q5
Q84
AT2
♣AQT85
♠T42
KT53
QJ764
♣9
15
514
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1/-♣ 3 3 3♠ 1/-NT
       ♣7/6 NT7/6
EW:  ♣6 ♦3 ♥3 ♠4 NT5
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: +140 3♠-NS/3-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  140          4.00   0.00  2♠ N +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  100          3.00   1.00  3♣* E -1  A4-Downard-Lilly vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham
   90          1.50   2.50  1N N      A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A4-Cline-Cline
   90          1.50   2.50  1N N      A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
         50    0.00   4.00  3N S -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
25 ♠9874
KQ764
KJ
♣A6
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠KJ
J982
Q942
♣753
♠AT2
T53
A763
♣KT9
♠Q653
A
T85
♣QJ842
13
711
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 1 2♠  ♦6 NT6
EW: 1 1NT  ♣5 ♥6 ♠5
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: +110 2♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  140          4.00   0.00  2♠ S +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A5-Saltis-Pemberton
  110          2.50   1.50  2♠ S      A2-Wagner-Wagner vs A4-Cline-Cline
  110          2.50   1.50  2♠ S      A3-Glenn-McAdams vs A1-Petroff-Whaley
         50    1.00   3.00  2♠ S -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Conn-Shaffer
        100    0.00   4.00  4♠ N -2   A4-Downard-Lilly vs A3-Rockefeller-Graham