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- Monday Aft - September 9, 2019

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Field strength:  Mean: 692 MP  Geomean: 404 MP
(based on 20 players)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Louise Shaffer - Mike Gaddis Jr 59.50 1st A 0.50
Anne Conn - Peggy Nielsen 57.00 2nd A 0.35
Arline Benzien - JoAnn Bowen 55.00 1st A 0.50
Gwen Wagner - Richard Wagner 55.00 1st C 0.24
Deborah Triolo - Mark Robbins 54.50 2nd A 0.35
Marilyn Waples - Tee Downard 52.50 2nd B 0.22
EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> A N-S
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>September 9, 2019  |CLUB NO.>127100    | 09/09/2019 15:50
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Chris Gillmon   |RATING>Club Masterpoint (100%, 80%, 80% Open)|MOVEMENT>MITCHELL
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>   50.0 |TOP>   4 |MP LIMITS>None/800/300   |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=5/B=4/C=3                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 JoAnn Bowen            Arline Benzien           A    1     .     .     55.00  55.00  0.50(A)
 2 Tee Downard            Marilyn Waples           C    .     2     .     52.50  52.50  0.22(B)
 3 Ruric Nye              Christopher Gillmon      C    .     .     .     40.50  40.50
 4 Irene Petroff          Ginny Rockefeller        B    .     .     .     47.50  47.50
 5 Mark Robbins           Deborah Triolo           C    2     1     1     54.50  54.50  0.35(A)
                                          Totals                         250.00

EVENT>Open Pairs               |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> A E-W
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
AVE>   50.0 |TOP>   4 |MP LIMITS>None/800/300   |CLUB>Ojai Valley Civic Bridge
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=5/B=4/C=3                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Peggy Nielsen          Anne Conn                B    2     1     .     57.00  57.00  0.35(A)
 2 Richard Wagner         Gwen Wagner              C    .     2     1     55.00  55.00  0.24(C)
 3 Mike Gaddis Jr         Louise Shaffer           A    1     .     .     59.50  59.50  0.50(A)
 4 Pat Shaw               Carol Jarboe             C    .     .     .     33.50  33.50
 5 Elaine McAdams         Mary Jane Graham         C    .     .     .     45.00  45.00
                                          Totals                         250.00

Hands and Results
1 ♠QJ8532
A984
8
♣53
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠7
K63
Q73
♣AKQJT7
♠KT4
5
T96542
♣984
♠A96
QJT72
AKJ
♣62
7
153
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4 4♠ 1NT  ♣5 ♦5
EW: 2♣ 2  ♥2 ♠2 NT4
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: +420 4♠-NS/4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  420          3.50   0.50  4♠ S      A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
  420          3.50   0.50  4 S      A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
  170          1.50   2.50  3♠ N +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
  170          1.50   2.50  3 S +1   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
         50    0.00   4.00  4♠ N -1   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A5-McAdams-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

If North opens 2, they'll play the spade game. If he passes and South opens, the contract will depend on whether South opens 1 or 1NT. Surely West will overcall those lovely clubs, but that shouldn't deter N-S from their game.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 2Pass4
DblAll pass  

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1-2. 5, 7, and 11.

The Bidding: North has 2 defects for opening a Weak Two Spades . Their spade suit texture and honors are a bit weaker than desired. Their hand would play well in a heart contract. In his "Better Preempts IV: Preempts by Seat Position (part 1)" article, Andrew Gumperz advises agreeing to preempt aggressively in 1st seat. At tables where North follows Andrew's advice and preempts 2, some players use the Rule of 17 to determine whether to bid game. The Rule of 17 is a crude guideline. It is better to use judgment and the tools available to responder. Here, South has spade support and tricks. Bidding 4 is clear.

Now West must guess whether to pass, double, or bid 5. Since South might jump to 4 with a weak hand, the board could easily belong to East-West. West's red suit holdings are more oriented to defending. West's club length decreases the likelihood of taking club tricks on defense. West's spade singleton is valuable on offense. In his "Bidding Over Preempts" lecture, Roger Lee advises "When one of us has shortness, it pays to bid if it's reasonable." Here, West's strength makes bidding reasonable. Bidding 5 would be quite a gamble. 4 or 5 could both be going down. 5 doubled might go for more than the value of a non-vulnerable game. Roger Lee advises taking "the most flexible action." Here, a takeout oriented double risks playing in a red suit when clubs are the better strain, but it offers the possibility of penalizing 4. Passing 4 is quite risky. East-West could easily have a game or a good save over a making 4 contract. Doubling seems the best option because of its flexibility. Now East has a difficult guess. East's spade strength and heart shortness make converting the double for penalty attractive. East's diamond length makes bidding 5 a consideration. East doesn't expect to make 5 with their only values opposite partner's expected spade shortness. Converting the double for penalty seems best. This board illustrates why you want to preempt more often in high upside positions. The only way to preempt more is to relax your standards.

At tables where North passes as dealer, it is common to open 1NT with a 5-card major with a 5-card major to avoid rebid problems. After South opens 1NT, West expects their club tricks to provide a good chance to beat 1NT. West's spade shortness suggests North-South aren't going to play 1NT. Defensive agreements vary. Some partnerships have a natural 2 overcall available. If playing DONT or Meckwell , doubling is the first step to showing a long club suit. Overcalling 2 or doubling allow North to use their normal 1NT response structure. West prefers to jump to 3 because it makes it harder for North-South to find their likely spade fit. Jumping to 3 gives up the chance to find a game. With East passing in 2nd seat and South opening 1NT, a game isn't likely. Now North has a choice between passing, doubling, cue bidding 4 as game forcing Stayman, or showing their spade suit and game forcing values by bidding 3 or using a Texas Transfer . Playing in a 4-4 heart fit risks losing access to North's long spades. A weak 2 opposite a 1NT opener often makes game. Using a Texas Transfer to play 4 seems best. On this auction, West has no reason to double.

The Play in 4: If East-West cash their club winners, East will collect a spade trick to hold declarer to 10 tricks.

At tables where East leads their singleton heart, declarer calls for the 10 (or equivalent) from dummy. West places declarer with the Ace. So there is no reason to cover. Declarer cashes dummy's high diamonds, discarding a club loser. Now declarer must decide how to play the spades. Leading the Queen (or Jack) from hand offers a 26.6% chance to avoid a spade loser. If the 5 was a singleton, a losing spade finesse allows the defense to score a ruff. East could then cross with a club and score a 2nd ruff if a finesse lost to a singleton King. Declarer has already been given a trick. Cashing the Ace and exiting a spade would allow the defense to navigate a ruff if East has Kxx and a singleton heart. To mitigate that risk, declarer leads the Jack from the board intending to discard a club to cut defensive communication if West doesn't cover. Here, West covers Jack with the Queen. Declarer must ruff to keep West off lead. Now declarer must decide whether to finesse against the King. If West showed long clubs, the Vacant Spaces principle suggests East is a big favorite to hold the King. Declarer who finesse will score 11 tricks. Declarers who cash the Ace and exit a spade allow the defense to navigate a heart ruff to hold declarer to 10 tricks.

The Play in Hearts: West will not lead their singleton heart because they don't expect partner to have an entry. After West cashes 2 clubs, East will eventually score a spade to hold declarer to 10 tricks.



****************************************
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2 ♠KJ6
AJ76543
54
♣3
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠T832
KT
7632
♣T42
♠97
92
AJT8
♣AK987
♠AQ54
Q8
KQ9
♣QJ65
9
312
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 2 5 5♠ 4NT
EW:  ♣5 ♦5 ♥1/2 ♠2 NT2
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: +650 5♠-NS/5-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  680          4.00   0.00  4 N +2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
  660          3.00   1.00  4N S +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
  620          2.00   2.00  4 S      A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
  170          1.00   3.00  2 N +2   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        200    0.00   4.00  6* S -1  A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A5-McAdams-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Some Easts will choose to open 1 to "ease the rebid problem." Whichever minor East chooses, South will still overcall 1NT and North will still transfer and bid the Heart game. The two minor suit aces will be all that East can garner.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  11NT
Pass41Pass4
All pass   
  1. 6+ hearts

The Bidding: As Andrew Gumperz discusses in his "Opening with 4 diamonds and 5 clubs" article, opening 1 with longer clubs risks a false preference. Here, East's semi-balanced distribution allows East to open 1 and rebid 1NT. East would like to have a stopper in hearts or spades, but that is a minor flaw compared to the risk of playing in a 4-3 fit when a 5-3 fit is available.

No matter which minor East opens, South overcalls 1NT. West has nothing to say. As Larry Cohen discusses in his "Jacoby or Texas with a 6-card major?" article, the way to place the contract in 4 with 6+ hearts, game forcing values, and no slam interest is to use a Texas Transfer , East has too much defense and too little shape to consider sacrificing.

The Play: West leads the minor which East opened. When dummy tables with a singleton club, East knows to take their 2 quick tricks. To score 7 heart tricks, declarer needs West to hold King singleton or doubleton, a 26.6% chance. So declarer begins by lead the 8 from dummy to avoid West covering the Queen with a singleton King. Here, West has King-Ten doubleton. Declarer has 11 tricks.



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3 ♠AQT2
A2
83
♣J9642
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠943
KJ5
A9642
♣53
♠KJ85
Q976
QT5
♣QT
♠76
T843
KJ7
♣AK87
11
810
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 1 1♠ 2NT  ♦5
EW: 1  ♣3 ♥6 ♠6 NT5
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: +130 4♣-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          4.00   0.00  2N S +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
  130          3.00   1.00  2♣ N +2   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  120          2.00   2.00  1N S +1   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A5-McAdams-Graham
  110          1.00   3.00  2 S      A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        100    0.00   4.00  3N S -2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Nielsen-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

With this marginal hand: Will South open because he has 2 1/2 quick tricks? Will North open light with his 2 1/2 quick tricks? If not, will East open light with support for both majors. Or, will they all say no and the hand passes out? N-S will play 1NT or the club partial. E-W might even play the diamond partial. No one will get far or make a lot.



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4 ♠J73
AQ5
QJ76
♣972
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠A64
T863
K952
♣T8
♠KQT98
KJ94
T
♣Q54
♠52
72
A843
♣AKJ63
10
711
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 3 1NT  ♥4 ♠4
EW: 3 3♠  ♣4 ♦4 NT6
LoTT: 18 - 16 = +2
Par: -140 3♠-EW/3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        140    3.00   1.00  3♠ E      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
        140    3.00   1.00  2♠ E +1   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        140    3.00   1.00  2♠ E +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
        200    0.50   3.50  3N S -2   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        200    0.50   3.50  4 N -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1, South overcalls 2, and West raises to 2. Will North raise the clubs? If he does, it will pass back to West who is likely to give spades one more try, even on this vulnerability. Nice of North to have the AQ!



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5 ♠K8
2
AKQJ62
♣JT87
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠AJ974
QJT73
T
♣AQ
♠Q6
A654
7543
♣K63
♠T532
K98
98
♣9542
14
149
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 2 1NT  ♥2 ♠3
EW: 4 3♠  ♣5 ♦5 NT6
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: -420 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        140    4.00   0.00  3 W      A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        170    2.00   2.00  3 W +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        170    2.00   2.00  3 E +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
        170    2.00   2.00  2 E +2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
        420    0.00   4.00  4 W      A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A5-McAdams-Graham

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1, which passes to West, who reopens with a double even though he has only two cubs, because he has 14 HCP and support for both majors. To his delight, East bids hearts. Now West should revalue his hand and invite game--and East should accept.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 1PassPass
2133Pass
4All pass  
  1. artificial, 5-5 or longer in the majors

The Bidding: After North opens 1, East has nothing to say. Should South respond with just 3 HCP? Beginners are taught to pass with less than 6 HCP. Many of the top pairs in the world respond with less than normal strength. Some go as far as agreeing not to pass one-level opening suit bids. In his "Responding Light" article, Josh Donn advises the main goals of a light response are "to prevent the opponents from finding their best contract, to reach game in case a fit is located, and to improve the contract to a better partscore." 4% of the time, North will have opened 1 with 4-4-3-2 distribution. Passing 1 risks playing in a 5-card fit. Responding 1 is also risky. North could jump and get the partnership too high. The vulnerability increases the risk of a light response. North could rebid 1NT and go down 2 or more tricks. That will not score well if East-West don't have a biddable game. Passing seems best.

As Karen Walker discusses in her "Balancing Over One-Bids" article, a balancing cue bid can be Michaels Cue Bid or a strong takeout depending on partnership agreement. Michaels is the more common agreement. With that agreement, West balances with a 2cue bid showing 5-5 or better in the majors. North has little defense against a major suit contract. North's diamond strength makes it difficult for East-West to penalize 3. North chooses to obstruct with a 3 rebid. East freely competes to 3. Now West, with 18 Support Points, has an easy 4 bid. At tables where North passes or doubles the Michaels cue bid, East can bid an artificial 2NT to ask about West's strength. When West shows a strong hand, East-West arrive at 4.

At tables where South ventures a 1 response, West overcalls 2. North bids 3. For many partnerships, it will not be clear whether North's 3 bid is competitive or shows extra values. If playing Good Bad 2NT , North, with 6 running diamonds, shows game interest and long fiamonds by bidding 3 directly. Now East's 3 bid is somewhat ambiguous. East could be competing based on the Law of Total Tricks or could be inviting game. West, with 18 Support Points, isn't willing to play 3. West's 4 bid ends the auction.

The Play: A diamond lead and continuation taps West. After ruffing the 2nd round of diamonds, declarer takes a losing heart finesse. South wins their King, but cannot continue the diamond tap. Declarer finishes drawing trump and takes a losing spade finesse. North wins the King and leads a 3rd round of diamonds. West ruffs with their last trump. Declarer has 10 tricks on the Dummy Reversal: 2 + 3 + 2 ruffs + 3.



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6 ♠94
QT
KQT865
♣Q97
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠KQ63
K73
42
♣J852
♠AJT752
8
973
♣AK3
♠8
AJ96542
AJ
♣T64
9
912
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2 3  ♣4 ♠3 NT5
EW: 2♣ 4♠  ♦4 ♥4 NT6
LoTT: 19 - 19 = 0
Par: -300 5*-NS-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        150    4.00   0.00  5 N -3   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        170    3.00   1.00  3♠ E +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        620    1.00   3.00  4♠ E      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        620    1.00   3.00  4♠ E      A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
        620    1.00   3.00  4♠ E      A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A1-Nielsen-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East-West and North-South should get into a major suit bidding duel on this one. And North shouldn't be afraid to go to 5 on this favorable vulnerability after an auction like
1--3--4--?
In fact, if West only bids 3, North might as well bid 5 now--he knows it's coming.



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7 ♠AQ
K842
AKQ863
♣4
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠8762
765
T7
♣K873
♠KT543
J93
942
♣Q5
♠J9
AQT
J5
♣AJT962
18
36
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 6/5♣ 7 7 3♠ 6NT
EW:  ♣1 ♦0 ♥0 ♠3 NT1
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: +2210 7-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
 2220          4.00   0.00  7N N      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-McAdams-Graham
 1440          3.00   1.00  6N S      A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
  720          1.50   2.50  3N N +4   A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  720          1.50   2.50  3N N +4   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
  690          0.00   4.00  3N N +3   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

In these days of Weak Jump Shifts, the auction probably starts 1--P--1--P
2
Now North has to force the bidding, perhaps with 2. What now for South? He can't volunteer for NT with no spade stopper, so he'll either bid clubs yet again or raise with his nice three hearts, Either way, North can now bid Blackwood and at least find the small slam. It's hard to bid a grand off a couple of Kings.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   1
Pass1Pass2
Pass21Pass3
Pass3Pass3
Pass3Pass3NT
Pass4Pass52
Pass5Pass6
All pass   
  1. artificial game force
  2. 2 key cards without the Queen

The Bidding: South's doubleton Jacks merit a downgrade. South's club suit's trick taking potential merits a substantial upgrade. After South opens 1, North has the strength for a Jump Shift, but isn't eager to jump to 2 when a heart contract may be preferable to notrump or diamonds. So North begins with a 1 response. A 1 overcall has a some obstructive value. East is a bit light for a 1 overcall. North-South will certainly buy the contract. There is no reason to describe East's shape. South could rebid 1NT with their semi-balanced hand, but 2 is a far better description of their hand.

See my "Third Suit Forcing" article for a discussion of continuations after partner shows a minimum opener with a long minor. An easy and effective approach is to use the lowest unbid suit as an artificial Game Force . With that agreement, North's 2 bid is an artificial Game Force. South doesn't want to bid notrump without a spade stopper. South cannot bid 3 without 4 hearts. So South rebids their club suit. North's 3 rebid shows extra length. South now shows their heart stopper. North's 3 bid is ambiguous. It could be a slam try or might show a partial stopper. South, with a partial spade stopper offers 3NT as the final contract. North's 4 bid is a slam try. Some partnerships cue bid to cooperate with the slam try or bid 4NT as a negative response. Others play 4 as optional Roman Keycard . The partnership needs to agree whether the negative response is 4NT or the cheapest suit. My preference is the cheapest suit to give responder room to demand a Roman Key Card response. South, with 2 key cards and 2-card diamond support uses the partnership's method to cooperate with the slam try. If South answered key cards, North should confirm possession of all the key cards and the Queen. South cannot reasonably bid the grand. The auction is likely to end at 6. Some may risk 6NT if they need a top and believe the majority of the field will be in slam.

The Play in 6: East could make a passive diamond lead, but East expects declarer to be able to establish South's clubs for discards. So an aggressive spade lead may be made at some tables. On the auction above, East knows a spade lead will not be helpful. So a passive diamond lead is the choice.

Declarer has 11 quick winners with a reasonable diamond break. A spade lead gives declarer their 12th trick. Without a spade lead, declarer has a potential spade loser and a potential heart loser. Playing for the Jack to drop offers a 56% chance for a 4th trick if declarer draws trump first. A finesse against the King offers a 50% chance of avoiding a club loser. Declarer's best line for their 12th and 13th trick is to try to establish dummy's long clubs. Declarer has 4 certain entries to dummy. Declarer draws 1 round of trump, leads a club to the Ace and ruffs a club low. Now declarer leads a diamond to the Jack. When both defenders follow, declarer knows they can afford to ruff a club with a high trump. Declarer draws the last trump and crosses with a heart. A ruffing finesse gives declarer all the tricks.



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8 ♠8754
AQ6
97652
♣3
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠KQJ96
92
T3
♣J754
♠T3
K43
J84
♣AKT62
♠A2
JT875
AKQ
♣Q98
6
711
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4 4 2NT  ♣5 ♠6
EW: 2♣ 1♠  ♦3 ♥3 NT4
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: +420 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  170          3.50   0.50  3 S +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-McAdams-Graham
  170          3.50   0.50  3 S +1   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
  100          2.00   2.00  3 E -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
         50    0.50   3.50  4 S -1   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
         50    0.50   3.50  4 S -1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

With only 2-3 in the majors, will East open light with that nice club suit? Whether or not he does, South has a reasonable 1NT call. If North bids Stayman and South bids 2, what will North do now? He has only six HCP. This is one time it's easier for North if South overcalls or opens the five card major. He can raise--and then accept the game invitation South should offer, since his singleton now has value.



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9 ♠75
T864
KJ95
♣JT3
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠986
A975
62
♣AK97
♠AKJ2
3
T84
♣86542
♠QT43
KQJ2
AQ73
♣Q
5
118
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 2  ♣4 ♠5 NT6
EW: 3♣ 2/1♠  ♦4 ♥5 NT5
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -100 3*-NS-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  120          4.00   0.00  1N S +1   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
  110          2.50   1.50  2 N      A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
  110          2.50   1.50  1 S +2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-McAdams-Graham
         50    1.00   3.00  3 N -1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        100    0.00   4.00  4 S -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1. West has a reasonable double. Now North can count his doubleton for one and bid 1. Surely East will bid 1 and South 2. West, wisely, passes. It will be up to East to dare or not to go on.



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10 ♠Q9876
7
A86
♣KT93
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠J3
KQ42
QJ2
♣QJ86
♠4
AJ865
T974
♣A52
♠AKT52
T93
K53
♣74
9
129
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♠  ♣5 ♦5 ♥4 NT6
EW: 1♣ 2 3  ♠3 NT6
LoTT: 18 - 19 = -1
Par: +140 3♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  620          4.00   0.00  4♠ S      A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
  170          3.00   1.00  3♠ S +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
  100          1.50   2.50  4 E -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A5-McAdams-Graham
  100          1.50   2.50  4 E -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        140    0.00   4.00  3 E      A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A1-Nielsen-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1. If North overcalls 1, East might revalue her hand and bid 2, but South will assert the power of a higher ranking suit and bid 3, buying the hand. If North passes, it's South who will bid the spades, but otherwise the scenario is similar.



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11 ♠JT6
65
KQT843
♣QT
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠K432
QJ
972
♣9862
♠AQ75
A743
-
♣AJ753
♠98
KT982
AJ65
♣K4
8
615
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3 1 1NT  ♣2 ♠2
EW: 5♣ 4♠  ♦4 ♥6 NT6
LoTT: 20 - 19 = +1
Par: -300 5*-NS-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  470          4.00   0.00  3* S     A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
   50          3.00   1.00  4♠ W -1   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        100    2.00   2.00  3 S -2   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        170    0.50   3.50  3♠ E +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
        170    0.50   3.50  1♠ E +3   A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Nielsen-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Not many will use the Rule of 20 and open the South hand (a lot more appealing if the major is spades!). That will leave it to North to open 2. East gleefully doubles. Now South should think of sacrificing NOW, not later. Bid at least 4 immediately. If East reopens with a double, go ahead and bid 5. It will pay off.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   1
Pass1NT21Pass
2Pass3Pass
3All pass  
  1. artificial, spades and a minor

The Bidding: South's hand meets the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 for a 1st or 2nd seat opener. After South opens 1, West has nothing to say. North doesn't have the strength to respond 2. Invitational hands with a long minor can be difficult to handle playing Two Over One Game Force . So many expert partnerships play downward Invitational Jump Shifts after a major suit opening. Playing Bergen Raises gives up these valuable responses. Here, North isn't strong enough to invite game in diamonds. So North responds 1NT. East doesn't have the shape to double. East would prefer to have 6+ clubs or better club texture for a 2 overcall. Bidding 2 risks losing the spade suit. East is reluctant to pass with 15 prime HCP. A slightly offshape Michaels Cue Bid seems best because it immediately shows a 2-suiter.

At tables where South overcalls 2 South shows their diamond suit. The Law of Total Tricks suggests West compete to the 3-level. Since a 2 cue bid is available to show an invitational raise, West's 3 bid is competitive. North competes to 3. For most partnerships, it isn't clear whether North has invitational or competitive values. East, with 20 Support Points, bids 3. South has nothing to say. East's 3 bid is clearly a game try, but it could be a suit. West is a bit weak to accept a game try. West's 4 bid is likely to end the auction.

At tables where East passes North's 1NT response, South rebids 2. If playing 1NT Semi-Forcing , North knows South has 5+ hearts and 4+ diamonds. South could have a minimum opener, but could have almost a Game Force. With 2-card support for opener's major, responder typically takes a preference for the major. Here, North has strong 6-card diamond support. Taking a preference for hearts would be a gross distortion. Since game is a possibility, North raises to 3. Now East Doubles for Takeout . West advances to 3. If North competes to 4, they may push East-West to game.

At tables where East makes a Michael Cue Bid, South has nothing to say. North expects East to have spades and clubs, but cannot be certain whether East-West have a spade fit. It isn't clear whether North should compete to 3. If North passes 2, East could invite game by bidding 3. Since East wants West to emphasize club values and discount slow diamond values, East prefers to bid 3. If North competes in diamonds, East's 3 bid could be competitive or invitational. Either way, West isn't likely to cooperate with a game try.

The Play in Clubs: With clubs breaking 2-2, declarer has just 1 club loser. The 3-2 spade break gives declarer 4 spade tricks. The heart finesse fails as expected. Declarer has 11 tricks, losing just a club and a heart.

The Play in Diamonds: Declarer has 2 quick spade losers. Declarer can ruff North's 3rd spade in the short hand. With South's King is behind the Ace, a lobbing finesse limits heart losers to 1. Declarer cannot avoid losing a club. Declarer has 9 tricks: 1 ruff + 1 + 6 + 1.

The Play in Spades: Declarer will be tapped in diamonds. The 3rd diamond ruff costs a trick, promoting a spade winner for North. Because of the Trump Promotion , the defense can hold declarer to 10 tricks while 11 tricks are available in clubs. 10 tricks in spades scores better than 11 tricks in clubs.



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12 ♠QJT82
4
QT6
♣QJT8
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠6
QJ8652
53
♣6432
♠97543
T73
K4
♣975
♠AK
AK9
AJ9872
♣AK
8
33
26
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 6♣ 7 3 7♠ 6NT
EW:  ♣1 ♦0 ♥4 ♠0 NT1/0
LoTT: 17 - 18 = -1
Par: +2210 7♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
 1440          4.00   0.00  6N S      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
  690          2.00   2.00  3N S +3   A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
  690          2.00   2.00  3N S +3   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
  690          2.00   2.00  3N S +3   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        100    0.00   4.00  7N S -1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A2-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Unless some brave West opens 2 on this piece of dross, South will open 2. North bids 2(especially good news if it promises values) and South has to decide upon a rebid. If he chooses diamonds, North can bid his spades. South may elect to bid 3NT, however. In that case, North transfers to spades and then bids 6NT. Not knowing if the K is on side--or even where it is--South will settle for the small slam. There's no way to get to the table in NT to take the diamond finesse. However, playing in a suit, declarer(and it will be North if it's diamonds) can ruff a heart to position himself to take the diamond finesse.



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13 ♠J43
J64
T8743
♣K6
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠KT62
T752
K
♣J985
♠AQ875
AK3
A2
♣A73
♠9
Q98
QJ965
♣QT42
5
721
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣2 ♥2 ♠2 NT2
EW: 4♣ 5 5♠ 5NT  ♦6
LoTT: 18 - 19 = -1
Par: -660 5NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          4.00   0.00  6♠ E -2   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A5-McAdams-Graham
  100          3.00   1.00  6♠ E -1   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        600    2.00   2.00  3N E      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
        650    0.50   3.50  4♠ E +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
        650    0.50   3.50  4♠ E +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A2-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East's best first bid is 2NT, though he'll be declare in spades after West uses Stayman. The "extra" trick in diamonds won't help with losers. As the saying goes, the pitch is in the wrong hand. Happily, hearts are 3-3, so a club loser "goes away" on the 13th heart.



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14 ♠J983
KJ
A863
♣763
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠T2
QT873
KQ97
♣A2
♠A765
9642
54
♣984
♠KQ4
A5
JT2
♣KQJT5
9
114
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 2 2/3♠ 2NT  ♥5
EW: 2  ♣3 ♦5 ♠3 NT3
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: +140 3♠-N
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  430          4.00   0.00  3N S +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
  400          3.00   1.00  3N S      A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
         50    1.50   2.50  3N S -1   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
         50    1.50   2.50  3N S -1   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        100    0.00   4.00  3N S -2   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A2-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South opens 1NT and will play either 2NT or 3NT depending on the optimism of the players. Too bad the West leads a low heart since hearts are 2-2. It's impossible to knock out both black aces in time when the defenders have a 5-4 heart fit. Just be grateful it isn't 6-3!



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15 ♠J64
K6
J75
♣QJ873
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠QT8
2
KQ942
♣K952
♠A
AT98543
T6
♣A64
♠K97532
QJ7
A83
♣T
8
1012
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: -/1♠  ♣4 ♦3 ♥3 ♠6/7 NT4
EW: 2♣ 3 4 2NT  ♠6
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -420 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        140    4.00   0.00  3 E      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
        170    2.50   1.50  3 E +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
        170    2.50   1.50  3 E +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        420    1.00   3.00  4 E      A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        590    0.00   4.00  4* E     A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South has an unappetizing choice, but Pass looks better than 2 to me with the shabby spade suit. It's likely to pass around to West who will bid and rebid hearts--and be lucky to find the 3-2 break most common when the opponents have five of your suit. The big thing East has to remember is that the 3-2 break is most likely and not shirk drawing trumps. He also wants to set up the diamonds while the K is still an entry. You might ask, why doesn't South lead her singleton club? Because she has a natural trump trick and no reason to suppose her partner will be able to get in twice to give her ruffs.



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16 ♠T2
KJT63
Q974
♣AK
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠K965
98
T82
♣J764
♠AJ7
Q72
K53
♣T832
♠Q843
A54
AJ6
♣Q95
13
410
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 4 4 2♠ 4NT
EW:  ♣6 ♦2 ♥2 ♠5 NT2
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +430 4NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  480          4.00   0.00  4 N +2   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
  450          2.50   1.50  4 N +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-McAdams-Graham
  450          2.50   1.50  4 N +1   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  420          0.50   3.50  4 N      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
  420          0.50   3.50  4 N      A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A1-Nielsen-Conn

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Once North opens 1, South should be aiming at the heart game. She starts with a 1 response. North rebids 2, and South should just shoot to the heart game. What will East lead? The unsupported A looks like a bad idea, so it will probably be a minor. Declarer might even be lucky enough to develop a pitch for one of his spades before the opponents find out they have the top two.



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17 ♠-
642
AQ87652
♣QJ6
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠KQ543
KQ9
94
♣AK3
♠AT76
J73
T
♣98542
♠J982
AT85
KJ3
♣T7
9
175
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3 2NT  ♣4 ♥6 ♠4
EW: 2/3♣ 1 3♠  ♦4 NT5
LoTT: 18 - 19 = -1
Par: -100 3NT*-NS/4*-NS-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          3.50   0.50  4♠ W -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-McAdams-Graham
   50          3.50   0.50  4♠ E -1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
        140    1.50   2.50  3♠ W      A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
        140    1.50   2.50  3♠ E      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        420    0.00   4.00  4♠ W      A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A2-Wagner-Wagner

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 3. South should make a tactical raise of 4--which will have West gnashing her teeth with this lovely 17 point hand. Unluckily for E-W, there's a loser in every suit because of the nasty trump break. Mission accomplished for that 4 call.



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18 ♠AQ93
AK6
862
♣Q76
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠JT742
T54
T54
♣92
♠8
9832
9
♣AKJT853
♠K65
QJ7
AKQJ73
♣4
15
18
16
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 6 4/3 5♠ 5/-NT
       ♣6/5 NT11/6
EW: 1♣  ♦0 ♥2 ♠2 NT0
LoTT: 19 - 18 = +1
Par: +1370 6-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  720          4.00   0.00  3N N +4   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-McAdams-Graham
  660          3.00   1.00  3N N +2   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  620          2.00   2.00  4♠ N      A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
  170          0.50   3.50  4 S +2   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
  170          0.50   3.50  3 S +3   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East should ignore the hearts and open 3. South overcalls 3 and now North has to decide what to do. 3NT is his best bet, with a club stopper and the spade tenace to protect. Little does he know that partner has a singleton diamond. The virtue (or curse) or preempts is the amount of bidding (that is, discovery) room they devour.



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19 ♠53
Q8763
3
♣AT864
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠KJ9
-
KJ9542
♣J952
♠AT876
AT542
76
♣K
♠Q42
KJ9
AQT8
♣Q73
6
911
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 1  ♦4 ♠4 NT5/6
EW: 3 3♠ 1NT  ♣5 ♥6
LoTT: 17 - 16 = +1
Par: -140 3♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          4.00   0.00  4♠ E -3   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        100    3.00   1.00  2 N -2   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
        150    1.00   3.00  1N S -3   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        150    1.00   3.00  3 S -3   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        150    1.00   3.00  3 N -3   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
20 ♠98732
96
96
♣A876
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠Q64
4
KQJT543
♣95
♠T
AJ873
82
♣KQT32
♠AKJ5
KQT52
A7
♣J4
4
810
18
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 3♠ 1NT  ♣6 ♦4
EW: 1♣ 3  ♥6 ♠4/3 NT5
LoTT: 18 - 18 = 0
Par: +140 3♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  620          4.00   0.00  4♠ N      A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
  100          3.00   1.00  3 W -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        100    2.00   2.00  4♠ N -1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        300    1.00   3.00  2N S -3   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
        400    0.00   4.00  5 S -4   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
21 ♠K96
862
KJ8
♣AQ65
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠8543
AQ53
AQT5
♣3
♠AQT7
94
763
♣KJ82
♠J2
KJT7
942
♣T974
13
1210
5
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5 ♦4 ♥5 ♠3 NT5
EW: 2♣ 3 2 4♠ 2NT
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        110    3.50   0.50  2♠ E      A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
        110    3.50   0.50  2♠ E      A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        140    1.50   2.50  2♠ E +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        140    1.50   2.50  2♠ E +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        300    0.00   4.00  1N N -3   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
22 ♠T83
632
AJ9854
♣Q
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠A72
KQ
Q2
♣AT7632
♠J965
A5
K73
♣K985
♠KQ4
JT9874
T6
♣J4
7
1511
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1 1  ♣2 ♠3 NT2
EW: 5♣ 4♠ 4NT  ♦5/6 ♥6
LoTT: 18 - 19 = -1
Par: -630 4NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          4.00   0.00  4♠ E -1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        100    3.00   1.00  4 N -2   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
        130    1.50   2.50  4♣ W      A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        130    1.50   2.50  3♣ W +1   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
        170    0.00   4.00  3♠ E +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
23 ♠543
K75
AKJT4
♣65
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠AK762
QJ86
76
♣93
♠T9
T93
852
♣A8742
♠QJ8
A42
Q93
♣KQJT
11
104
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 3 2NT  ♥6 ♠6
EW:  ♣4 ♦3 ♥6 ♠6 NT3
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: +120 2NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  630          3.00   1.00  3N S +1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
  630          3.00   1.00  3N S +1   A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
  630          3.00   1.00  3N S +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A5-McAdams-Graham
  130          1.00   3.00  4 S      A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
  110          0.00   4.00  2 N +1   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
24 ♠AQT7
AQ
T84
♣KJ43
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠J32
KT96
QJ2
♣T97
♠K9
7532
AK6
♣AQ52
♠8654
J84
9753
♣86
16
716
1
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5/4 ♦6/5 ♥3 ♠6 NT5
EW: 2♣ 1 3 2NT  ♠6
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   90          4.00   0.00  1N N      A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
   50          3.00   1.00  2♠ E -1   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A1-Nielsen-Conn
         50    2.00   2.00  1N N -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
        140    1.00   3.00  2 W +1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        150    0.00   4.00  1N N -3   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
25 ♠KQ874
4
A743
♣K92
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠J532
J8763
J65
♣J
♠6
K9
QT92
♣QT8643
♠AT9
AQT52
K8
♣A75
12
47
17
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 5 5 7♠ 6NT
EW:  ♣4 ♦2 ♥2 ♠0 NT1
LoTT: 17 - 15 = +2
Par: +1510 7♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
         50    3.00   1.00  6N S -1   A4-Petroff-Rockefeller vs A3-Gaddis Jr-Shaffer
         50    3.00   1.00  6N N -1   A1-Bowen-Benzien vs A2-Wagner-Wagner
         50    3.00   1.00  6♠ N -1   A5-Robbins-Triolo vs A5-McAdams-Graham
        100    0.50   3.50  6N S -2   A2-Downard-Waples vs A4-Shaw-Jarboe
        100    0.50   3.50  6♠ N -2   A3-Nye-Gillmon vs A1-Nielsen-Conn